Matthew 23:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Therefore, anyone who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

New Living Translation
When you swear 'by the altar,' you are swearing by it and by everything on it.

English Standard Version
So whoever swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

Berean Study Bible
So then, he who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore the one having sworn by the altar swears by it and by all things that are upon it.

New American Standard Bible
"Therefore, whoever swears by the altar, swears both by the altar and by everything on it.

King James Bible
Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, the one who takes an oath by the altar takes an oath by it and by everything on it.

International Standard Version
Therefore, the one who swears an oath by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

NET Bible
So whoever swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.

New Heart English Bible
He therefore who swears by the altar, swears by it, and by everything on it.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Whoever swears therefore by the altar swears by it and by everything that is upon it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
To swear an oath by the altar is to swear by it and by everything on it.

New American Standard 1977
“Therefore he who swears by the altar, swears both by the altar and by everything on it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Whosoever therefore shall swear by the altar, swears by it and by all things thereon.

King James 2000 Bible
Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, swears by it, and by all things thereon.

American King James Version
Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, swears by it, and by all things thereon.

American Standard Version
He therefore that sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He therefore that sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things that are upon it:

Darby Bible Translation
He therefore that swears by the altar swears by it and by all things that are upon it.

English Revised Version
He therefore that sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things upon it.

Weymouth New Testament
He who swears by the altar swears both by it and by everything on it;

World English Bible
He therefore who swears by the altar, swears by it, and by everything on it.

Young's Literal Translation
'He therefore who did swear by the altar, doth swear by it, and by all things on it;
Study Bible
Woes to Scribes and Pharisees
19You blind men! Which is greater: the gift, or the altar that makes it sacred? 20So then, he who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. 21And he who swears by the temple swears by it and by the One who dwells in it.…
Cross References
Matthew 23:19
You blind men! Which is greater: the gift, or the altar that makes it sacred?

Matthew 23:21
And he who swears by the temple swears by it and by the One who dwells in it.
Treasury of Scripture

Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, swears by it, and by all things thereon.

Verse 20. - Sweareth by it, etc. One can see what an inveterate evil our Lord was denouncing, when he takes such pains to point out its absurdities, which seem to us self-evident. The oath by the altar involves the notion of the victim as well as the altar; one cannot be separated from the other; and, of course, implies him to whom the offering is made. Whosoever therefore shall swear by the altar,.... Not that Christ allowed of swearing by the altar, or by the temple, or by heaven, or by any creature, animate or inanimate; for such swearing is elsewhere disapproved of by him, and forbid, but if a man did swear by the altar, he ought to know, and consider that he not only

sweareth by it, but by all the gifts, and offerings that are brought, and laid upon it,

and by all things thereon; whatever gifts and sacrifices are offered upon it; which, by being put there, become holy, as the altar itself: so that he that swears by the altar, swears also by the gifts of the altar; and consequently, according to their own traditions, such oaths must be binding. 20-22. Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, etc.—See on [1349]Mt 5:33-37.23:13-33 The scribes and Pharisees were enemies to the gospel of Christ, and therefore to the salvation of the souls of men. It is bad to keep away from Christ ourselves, but worse also to keep others from him. Yet it is no new thing for the show and form of godliness to be made a cloak to the greatest enormities. But dissembled piety will be reckoned double iniquity. They were very busy to turn souls to be of their party. Not for the glory of God and the good of souls, but that they might have the credit and advantage of making converts. Gain being their godliness, by a thousand devices they made religion give way to their worldly interests. They were very strict and precise in smaller matters of the law, but careless and loose in weightier matters. It is not the scrupling a little sin that Christ here reproves; if it be a sin, though but a gnat, it must be strained out; but the doing that, and then swallowing a camel, or, committing a greater sin. While they would seem to be godly, they were neither sober nor righteous. We are really, what we are inwardly. Outward motives may keep the outside clean, while the inside is filthy; but if the heart and spirit be made new, there will be newness of life; here we must begin with ourselves. The righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees was like the ornaments of a grave, or dressing up a dead body, only for show. The deceitfulness of sinners' hearts appears in that they go down the streams of the sins of their own day, while they fancy that they should have opposed the sins of former days. We sometimes think, if we had lived when Christ was upon earth, that we should not have despised and rejected him, as men then did; yet Christ in his Spirit, in his word, in his ministers, is still no better treated. And it is just with God to give those up to their hearts' lusts, who obstinately persist in gratifying them. Christ gives men their true characters.
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