Matthew 4:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When Jesus heard that John had been put in prison, he withdrew to Galilee.

New Living Translation
When Jesus heard that John had been arrested, he left Judea and returned to Galilee.

English Standard Version
Now when he heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew into Galilee.

Berean Study Bible
When Jesus heard that John had been imprisoned, He withdrew to Galilee.

Berean Literal Bible
And having heard that John had been arrested, He withdrew into Galilee.

New American Standard Bible
Now when Jesus heard that John had been taken into custody, He withdrew into Galilee;

King James Bible
Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When He heard that John had been arrested, He withdrew into Galilee.

International Standard Version
Now when Jesus heard that John had been arrested, he went back to Galilee.

NET Bible
Now when Jesus heard that John had been imprisoned, he went into Galilee.

New Heart English Bible
Now when he heard that John was delivered up, he withdrew into Galilee.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But when Yeshua heard that Yohannan had been delivered up, he departed to Galilee.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Jesus heard that John had been put in prison, he went back to Galilee.

New American Standard 1977
Now when He heard that John had been taken into custody, He withdrew into Galilee;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he returned to Galilee;

King James 2000 Bible
Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee;

American King James Version
Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee;

American Standard Version
Now when he heard that John was delivered up, he withdrew into Galilee;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when Jesus had heard that John was delivered up, he retired into Galilee:

Darby Bible Translation
But having heard that John was delivered up, he departed into Galilee:

English Revised Version
Now when he heard that John was delivered up, he withdrew into Galilee;

Webster's Bible Translation
Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee.

Weymouth New Testament
Now when Jesus heard that John was thrown into prison, He withdrew into Galilee,

World English Bible
Now when Jesus heard that John was delivered up, he withdrew into Galilee.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jesus having heard that John was delivered up, did withdraw to Galilee,
Study Bible
Jesus Begins His Ministry
11Then the devil left Him, and angels came and ministered to Him. 12When Jesus heard that John had been imprisoned, He withdrew to Galilee. 13Leaving Nazareth, He went and lived in Capernaum, which is by the sea in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali,…
Cross References
Matthew 11:2
Meanwhile, John heard in prison about the works of Christ, and he sent two of his disciples

Matthew 14:3
Now Herod had arrested John and bound him and put him in prison on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife,

Mark 1:14
After the arrest of John, Jesus went into Galilee and proclaimed the gospel of God.

Luke 3:20
Herod added this to them all: He locked John up in prison.

Luke 4:14
Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and the news about Him spread throughout the surrounding region.

Luke 23:5
But they kept insisting, "He stirs up the people all over Judea with His teaching. He began in Galilee and has come all the way here."

John 1:43
The next day Jesus decided to set out for Galilee. Finding Philip, He told him, "Follow Me."

John 2:11
Jesus performed this first sign at Cana in Galilee. He thus revealed His glory, and His disciples believed in Him.

John 3:24
(For John had not yet been thrown into prison.)
Treasury of Scripture

Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee;

when.

Mark 1:14 Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching …

Mark 6:17 For Herod himself had sent forth and laid hold on John, and bound …

Luke 3:20 Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.

Luke 4:14,31 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there …

John 4:43,54 Now after two days he departed there, and went into Galilee…

cast. or, delivered up.

(12) Between the 11th and 12th verses there is a great break, and it is well to remember what passed in the interval: (1) the return to the Baptist, and the call of the six disciples (John 1:29-51); (2) the marriage at Cana, and the visit to Capernaum (John 2:1-12); (3) the cleansing of the Temple; the interview with Nicodemus, and the last testimony of the Baptist (John 2:13 to John 3:36). At this stage comes in the imprisonment of John (mentioned here, but not narrated till 14:3-5) and the consequent journey through Samaria to Galilee (John 4:1-42). The verse now before us may be noted as implying a ministry in Juda, which for some reason the writer does not narrate.

Verses 12-16. - JESUS' WITHDRAWAL INTO GALILEE. (Parallel passages: Mark 1:14; Luke 4:14, 15.) According to some commentators, a new section begins here; but probably these verses are still preliminary. Our Lord's activity does not begin till ver. 17. But now he withdraws to Galilee, settling in Capernaum, thus fulfilling prophecy. Verse 12. - Now when Jesus had heard. If we had the synoptic Gospels alone, we should have supposed that the Baptist was imprisoned immediately after the end of our Lord's temptation (cf. this verse with Luke 4:14); but St. John (John 3:24) expressly states that he had not been cast into prison when the events recorded in John 1:43-3:23 took place. "For a time Christ and the Baptist worked side by side, preaching ' repentance' (Mark 1:15 [also Matthew 4:17]) and baptizing [John 3:22]. The Messiah took up the position of a prophet in Judaea, as afterwards in Galilee" (Bishop Westcott, on John 3:22-24). The events in Galilee related in John 2:1-12 were "preparatory to the manifestation at Jerusalem which was the real commencement of Christ's Messianic work. St. John records the course and issue of this manifestation: the other Evangelists start with the record of the Galilaean ministry, which dates from the imprisonment of the Baptist" (Bishop Westcott, on John 3:24). He adds, on John 4:43, "It seems probable that the earlier part of the synoptic narratives (Mark 1:14 - 2:14, and parallels) must be placed in the interval which extended from John 4:43-5:1." Matthew alone states directly that the news of the Baptist having been taken by Herod was the motive of our Lord's withdrawal into Galilee. He says nothing to show whether our Lord withdrew because he would avoid a like treatment himself, or, as is on the whole more likely, because he did not wish to be mixed up in the tumults to which John's capture appears to have given rise (cf. Matthew 14:5). Was cast into prison; "was delivered up" (Revised Version and Authorized Version margin); παρεδόθη, absolutely (cf. Mark 1:14; Romans 4:25; also infra, Matthew 10:19; 1 Corinthians 13:3). If the more proper meaning of the word may be insisted on, the thought is of the person to whom John was committed rather than of the place; John being delivered up, that is to say, by Herod to his officials. But in usage it appears rather to mean only compulsory removal, loss of liberty. Mark (Mark 6:19, 20) points out the temporary protection that the imprisonment gave to John against the resentment of Herodias. He departed; Revised Version, he withdrew; ἀνεχώρησεν,. A favourite word of St. Matthew's (ten times; Mark and John once each; Acts twice). It always implies some motive for the change of place, and is frequently used of departure directly consequent upon knowledge acquired. Hence it often implies a feeling of danger. Into Galilee; whence he had come (Matthew 3:13). Hence "returned" (Luke). In Galilee he would still be in Herod's dominions; but, as being in his own home, he would not attract so much attention. N.B. - Between vers. 12 and 13 some place the incident of his preaching at Nazareth (Luke 4:16-30); but ver. 23 of that passage assumes much previous work at Capernaum, and can therefore hardly be as early as this. Now, when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison,.... John was cast into prison by Herod; the reason of it may be seen in Matthew 14:3. The prison into which he was cast, according to Josephus (s), was the castle of Machaeras: here he continued some time before he was put to death; for from hence he sent two disciples to Jesus, to know if he was the Messiah, Matthew 11:2. Now when Jesus heard of this his imprisonment,

he departed into Galilee; not so much on account of safety, or for fear of Herod, but to call his disciples, who lived in that country.

(s) Antiq. l. 18. c. 7. Mt 4:12-25. Christ Begins His Galilean Ministry—Calling of Peter and Andrew, James and John—His First Galilean Circuit. ( = Mr 1:14-20, 35-39; Lu 4:14, 15).

There is here a notable gap in the history, which but for the fourth Gospel we should never have discovered. From the former Gospels we should have been apt to draw three inferences, which from the fourth one we know to be erroneous: First, that our Lord awaited the close of John's ministry, by his arrest and imprisonment, before beginning His own; next, that there was but a brief interval between the baptism of our Lord and the imprisonment of John; and further, that our Lord not only opened His work in Galilee, but never ministered out of it, and never visited Jerusalem at all nor kept a passover till He went thither to become "our Passover, sacrificed for us." The fourth Gospel alone gives the true succession of events; not only recording those important openings of our Lord's public work which preceded the Baptist's imprisonment—extending to the end of the third chapter—but so specifying the passover which occurred during our Lord's ministry as to enable us to line off, with a large measure of certainty, the events of the first three Gospels according to the successive passovers which they embraced. Eusebius, the ecclesiastical historian, who, early in the fourth century, gave much attention to this subject, in noticing these features of the Evangelical Records, says [Ecclesiastical History, 3.24] that John wrote his Gospel at the entreaty of those who knew the important materials he possessed, and filled up what is wanting in the first three Gospels. Why it was reserved for the fourth Gospel, published at so late a period, to supply such important particulars in the life of Christ, it is not easy to conjecture with any probability. It may be, that though not unacquainted with the general facts, they were not furnished with reliable details. But one thing may be affirmed with tolerable certainty, that as our Lord's teaching at Jerusalem was of a depth and grandeur scarcely so well adapted to the prevailing character of the first three Gospels, but altogether congenial to the fourth; and as the bare mention of the successive passovers, without any account of the transactions and discourses they gave rise to, would have served little purpose in the first three Gospels, there may have been no way of preserving the unity and consistency of each Gospel, so as to furnish by means of them all the precious information we get from them, save by the plan on which they are actually constructed.

Entry into Galilee (Mt 4:12-17).

12. Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison—more simply, "was delivered up," as recorded in Mt 14:3-5; Mr 6:17-20; Lu 3:19, 20.

he departed—rather, "withdrew."

into Galilee—as recorded, in its proper place, in Joh 4:1-3.4:12-17 It is just with God to take the gospel and the means of grace, from those that slight them and thrust them away. Christ will not stay long where he is not welcome. Those who are without Christ, are in the dark. They were sitting in this condition, a contented posture; they chose it rather than light; they were willingly ignorant. When the gospel comes, light comes; when it comes to any place, when it comes to any soul, it makes day there. Light discovers and directs; so does the gospel. The doctrine of repentance is right gospel doctrine. Not only the austere John Baptist, but the gracious Jesus, preached repentance. There is still the same reason to do so. The kingdom of heaven was not reckoned to be fully come, till the pouring out of the Holy Spirit after Christ's ascension.
Jump to Previous
Arrested Cast Custody Delivered Departed Ears Galilee Heard Jesus John Prison Thrown Withdraw Withdrew
Jump to Next
Arrested Cast Custody Delivered Departed Ears Galilee Heard Jesus John Prison Thrown Withdraw Withdrew
Links
Matthew 4:12 NIV
Matthew 4:12 NLT
Matthew 4:12 ESV
Matthew 4:12 NASB
Matthew 4:12 KJV

Matthew 4:12 Biblia Paralela
Matthew 4:12 Chinese Bible
Matthew 4:12 French Bible
Matthew 4:12 German Bible

Alphabetical: been custody Galilee had he heard in into Jesus John Now prison put returned taken that to When withdrew

NT Gospels: Matthew 4:12 Now when Jesus heard that John was (Matt. Mat Mt) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Matthew 4:11
Top of Page
Top of Page