Matthew 10:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; children will rebel against their parents and have them put to death.

New Living Translation
"A brother will betray his brother to death, a father will betray his own child, and children will rebel against their parents and cause them to be killed.

English Standard Version
Brother will deliver brother over to death, and the father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death,

New American Standard Bible
"Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death.

King James Bible
And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child. Children will even rise up against their parents and have them put to death.

International Standard Version
"Brother will hand brother over for execution, and a father his child. Children will rebel against parents and have them put to death.

NET Bible
"Brother will hand over brother to death, and a father his child. Children will rise against parents and have them put to death.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“But brother will deliver his brother to death, and a father his son, and children will rise against their parents and will put them to death.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Brother will hand over brother to death; a father will hand over his child. Children will rebel against their parents and kill them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And brother shall deliver up brother unto death, and the father the child, and children shall rise up against their parents and cause them to be put to death.

King James 2000 Bible
And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death.

American King James Version
And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death.

American Standard Version
And brother shall deliver up brother to death, and the father his child: and children shall rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The brother also shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the son: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and shall put them to death.

Darby Bible Translation
But brother shall deliver up brother to death, and father child; and children shall rise up against parents and shall put them to death;

English Revised Version
And brother shall deliver up brother to death, and the father his child: and children shall rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the brother will deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children will rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death.

Weymouth New Testament
Brother will betray brother to death, and father, child; and children will rise against their own parents and will put them to death.

World English Bible
"Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child. Children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.

Young's Literal Translation
'And brother shall deliver up brother to death, and father child, and children shall rise up against parents, and shall put them to death,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:16-42 Our Lord warned his disciples to prepare for persecution. They were to avoid all things which gave advantage to their enemies, all meddling with worldly or political concerns, all appearance of evil or selfishness, and all underhand measures. Christ foretold troubles, not only that the troubles might not be a surprise, but that they might confirm their faith. He tells them what they should suffer, and from whom. Thus Christ has dealt fairly and faithfully with us, in telling us the worst we can meet with in his service; and he would have us deal so with ourselves, in sitting down and counting the cost. Persecutors are worse than beasts, in that they prey upon those of their own kind. The strongest bonds of love and duty, have often been broken through from enmity against Christ. Sufferings from friends and relations are very grievous; nothing cuts more. It appears plainly, that all who will live godly in Christ Jesus must suffer persecution; and we must expect to enter into the kingdom of God through many tribulations. With these predictions of trouble, are counsels and comforts for a time of trial. The disciples of Christ are hated and persecuted as serpents, and their ruin is sought, and they need the serpent's wisdom. Be ye harmless as doves. Not only, do nobody any hurt, but bear nobody any ill-will. Prudent care there must be, but not an anxious, perplexing thought; let this care be cast upon God. The disciples of Christ must think more how to do well, than how to speak well. In case of great peril, the disciples of Christ may go out of the way of danger, though they must not go out of the way of duty. No sinful, unlawful means may be used to escape; for then it is not a door of God's opening. The fear of man brings a snare, a perplexing snare, that disturbs our peace; an entangling snare, by which we are drawn into sin; and, therefore, it must be striven and prayed against. Tribulation, distress, and persecution cannot take away God's love to them, or theirs to him. Fear Him, who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. They must deliver their message publicly, for all are deeply concerned in the doctrine of the gospel. The whole counsel of God must be made known, Ac 20:27. Christ shows them why they should be of good cheer. Their sufferings witnessed against those who oppose his gospel. When God calls us to speak for him, we may depend on him to teach us what to say. A believing prospect of the end of our troubles, will be of great use to support us under them. They may be borne to the end, because the sufferers shall be borne up under them. The strength shall be according to the day. And it is great encouragement to those who are doing Christ's work, that it is a work which shall certainly be done. See how the care of Providence extends to all creatures, even to the sparrows. This should silence all the fears of God's people; Ye are of more value than many sparrows. And the very hairs of your head are all numbered. This denotes the account God takes and keeps of his people. It is our duty, not only to believe in Christ, but to profess that faith, in suffering for him, when we are called to it, as well as in serving him. That denial of Christ only is here meant which is persisted in, and that confession only can have the blessed recompence here promised, which is the real and constant language of faith and love. Religion is worth every thing; all who believe the truth of it, will come up to the price, and make every thing else yield to it. Christ will lead us through sufferings, to glory with him. Those are best prepared for the life to come, that sit most loose to this present life. Though the kindness done to Christ's disciples be ever so small, yet if there be occasion for it, and ability to do no more, it shall be accepted. Christ does not say that they deserve a reward; for we cannot merit any thing from the hand of God; but they shall receive a reward from the free gift of God. Let us boldly confess Christ, and show love to him in all things.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 21. - The persecutors shall be found among those most closely connected with you by blood and natural affection. Observe that our Lord does not mention this until he has reminded them that they are connected by still deeper family ties with One above. The thought and partly the language of vers. 21, 22 comes in 4 Esdr. 6:24, 25, "Et erit in illo tempore debellabunt amici amicos ut inimici... et erit, omnis qui dcrelictus fuerit ex omnibus istis quibus praedixi tibi, ipse salvabitur et videbit salu-tare meum et finem saeculi mei. [5. 1. vestri]." The author is speaking of the signs of the cud of the world. It seems probable that he was acquainted with some form of the original discourse of our Lord in Mark 13:12, 13 (see ver. 17, note). (For other references somewhat similar cf. Schurer, II. 2:155.) And (δέ). In contrast to the preceding encouragement (Kubel). The brother. The omission of the article by the Revised Version throughout this verse is justified, not only by grammar, but also by the consideration that it thus becomes less possible to interpret the phrase of a false "brother" in the Church. And the father the child. Philip It. of Spain is reported to have said of the Protestants, "If it were my own son, I would bring the faggot." And the children shall rise up against their parents. The verb (ἐπαναστήσονται) is perhaps a reminiscence of Micah 7:6, other words of which arc quoted below (ver. 35). The plural suggests the plurality of cases. And cause them to be put to death; put them to death (Revised Version margin); but perhaps through the agency of others. Observe that more direct cruelty is predicated of the children than of the brothers and fathers. Past kindness received will go for nothing.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death,.... Christ having fortified the minds of his disciples by the foregoing promises of divine influence and assistance, proceeds to open more largely and particularly the sorrows, troubles, and afflictions they must expect would attend the faithful ministration of his Gospel; as, that the true followers of Christ should not only be persecuted and betrayed, and delivered up into the hands of the civil magistrate, by persons that were strangers to them; but even by their nearest relations, brethren, whom the nearness of blood, should oblige to the tenderest regards to each other, to the securing of property and preserving of life: these should deliver up those that were so nearly related to them in the bonds of consanguinity, into the hands persecuting men in power, in order to be put to death; than which scarce anything can be more barbarous and unnatural, though the next instances exceed it:

and the father the child, and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death. The father laying aside his natural affection for his child, whom he has begotten, and brought up, and has took so much care of, and delight in, and perhaps his only one, his son aud heir; and yet, professing a faith different from his, such is his blind zeal and bigotry, that, breaking through all the ties of parental relation and affection, he delivers him up into the hands of wicked magistrates, to put him to death: and, on the other hand, children, forgetting the bonds they are in, and the obligations they lie under to their aged parents, rise up against them, and either with their own hands murder them, or appear as witnesses against them, and give their hearty consent to the taking away of their lives; even of them who have been the means and instruments of bringing them into the world, and of bringing them up in it. This shows the sad corruption of human nature, its enmity to the Gospel of Christ, and the inveterate malice and hatred of Satan against Christ, and his interest. Something like this is said by the Jews themselves, as what shall be in the times of the Messiah; for a little before his coming, or in the age in which the son of David comes, they say,

"the son shall deal basely by his father, the daughter shall rise up against her mother--a man's enemies shall be of his own household; the face of that generation shall be as the face of a dog; and the son shall not reverence his father (g).''

(g) Misn. Sota, c. 9. sect. 15.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

21. And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death—for example, by lodging information against them with the authorities. The deep and virulent hostility of the old nature and life to the new—as of Belial to Christ—was to issue in awful wrenches of the dearest ties; and the disciples, in the prospect of their cause and themselves being launched upon society, are here prepared for the worst.

Matthew 10:21 Additional Commentaries
Context
Comfort in Persecution
20"For it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you. 21"Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death. 22"You will be hated by all because of My name, but it is the one who has endured to the end who will be saved.…
Cross References
Psalm 50:20
You sit and testify against your brother and slander your own mother's son.

Isaiah 19:2
"I will stir up Egyptian against Egyptian-- brother will fight against brother, neighbor against neighbor, city against city, kingdom against kingdom.

Micah 7:6
For a son dishonors his father, a daughter rises up against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law-- a man's enemies are the members of his own household.

Matthew 10:35
For I have come to turn "'a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law--

Matthew 10:36
a man's enemies will be the members of his own household.'

Mark 13:12
"Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child. Children will rebel against their parents and have them put to death.

Luke 12:53
They will be divided, father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."
Treasury of Scripture

And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death.

the brother shall.

Matthew 10:34-36 Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send …

Matthew 24:10 And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and …

Micah 7:5,6 Trust you not in a friend, put you not confidence in a guide: keep …

Zechariah 13:3 And it shall come to pass, that when any shall yet prophesy, then …

Mark 13:12,13 Now the brother shall betray the brother to death, and the father …

Luke 12:51-53 Suppose you that I am come to give peace on earth? I tell you, No; …

Luke 21:16,17 And you shall be betrayed both by parents, and brothers, and kinfolks, …

the children.

2 Samuel 16:11 And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, …

2 Samuel 17:1-4 Moreover Ahithophel said to Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve …

Job 19:19 All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me.

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