Matthew 10:34
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.

New Living Translation
"Don't imagine that I came to bring peace to the earth! I came not to bring peace, but a sword.

English Standard Version
“Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I have not come to bring peace, but a sword.

New American Standard Bible
"Do not think that I came to bring peace on the earth; I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.

King James Bible
Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Don't assume that I came to bring peace on the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.

International Standard Version
"Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace but a sword!

NET Bible
"Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I have not come to bring peace but a sword.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Think not that I have come to bring peace in the earth; I have not come to bring peace, but a sword.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Don't think that I came to bring peace to earth. I didn't come to bring peace but conflict.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Think not that I have come to introduce peace into the land; I came not to introduce peace, but a sword.

King James 2000 Bible
Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

American King James Version
Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

American Standard Version
Think not that I came to send peace on the earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Do not think that I came to send peace upon earth: I came not to send peace, but the sword.

Darby Bible Translation
Do not think that I have come to send peace upon the earth: I have not come to send peace, but a sword.

English Revised Version
Think not that I came to send peace on the earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

Webster's Bible Translation
Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

Weymouth New Testament
"Do not suppose that I came to bring peace to the earth: I did not come to bring peace but a sword.

World English Bible
"Don't think that I came to send peace on the earth. I didn't come to send peace, but a sword.

Young's Literal Translation
'Ye may not suppose that I came to put peace on the earth; I did not come to put peace, but a sword;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:16-42 Our Lord warned his disciples to prepare for persecution. They were to avoid all things which gave advantage to their enemies, all meddling with worldly or political concerns, all appearance of evil or selfishness, and all underhand measures. Christ foretold troubles, not only that the troubles might not be a surprise, but that they might confirm their faith. He tells them what they should suffer, and from whom. Thus Christ has dealt fairly and faithfully with us, in telling us the worst we can meet with in his service; and he would have us deal so with ourselves, in sitting down and counting the cost. Persecutors are worse than beasts, in that they prey upon those of their own kind. The strongest bonds of love and duty, have often been broken through from enmity against Christ. Sufferings from friends and relations are very grievous; nothing cuts more. It appears plainly, that all who will live godly in Christ Jesus must suffer persecution; and we must expect to enter into the kingdom of God through many tribulations. With these predictions of trouble, are counsels and comforts for a time of trial. The disciples of Christ are hated and persecuted as serpents, and their ruin is sought, and they need the serpent's wisdom. Be ye harmless as doves. Not only, do nobody any hurt, but bear nobody any ill-will. Prudent care there must be, but not an anxious, perplexing thought; let this care be cast upon God. The disciples of Christ must think more how to do well, than how to speak well. In case of great peril, the disciples of Christ may go out of the way of danger, though they must not go out of the way of duty. No sinful, unlawful means may be used to escape; for then it is not a door of God's opening. The fear of man brings a snare, a perplexing snare, that disturbs our peace; an entangling snare, by which we are drawn into sin; and, therefore, it must be striven and prayed against. Tribulation, distress, and persecution cannot take away God's love to them, or theirs to him. Fear Him, who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. They must deliver their message publicly, for all are deeply concerned in the doctrine of the gospel. The whole counsel of God must be made known, Ac 20:27. Christ shows them why they should be of good cheer. Their sufferings witnessed against those who oppose his gospel. When God calls us to speak for him, we may depend on him to teach us what to say. A believing prospect of the end of our troubles, will be of great use to support us under them. They may be borne to the end, because the sufferers shall be borne up under them. The strength shall be according to the day. And it is great encouragement to those who are doing Christ's work, that it is a work which shall certainly be done. See how the care of Providence extends to all creatures, even to the sparrows. This should silence all the fears of God's people; Ye are of more value than many sparrows. And the very hairs of your head are all numbered. This denotes the account God takes and keeps of his people. It is our duty, not only to believe in Christ, but to profess that faith, in suffering for him, when we are called to it, as well as in serving him. That denial of Christ only is here meant which is persisted in, and that confession only can have the blessed recompence here promised, which is the real and constant language of faith and love. Religion is worth every thing; all who believe the truth of it, will come up to the price, and make every thing else yield to it. Christ will lead us through sufferings, to glory with him. Those are best prepared for the life to come, that sit most loose to this present life. Though the kindness done to Christ's disciples be ever so small, yet if there be occasion for it, and ability to do no more, it shall be accepted. Christ does not say that they deserve a reward; for we cannot merit any thing from the hand of God; but they shall receive a reward from the free gift of God. Let us boldly confess Christ, and show love to him in all things.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 34-39. - Fellowship with me will involve separation from the dearest upon earth, yet the reward is great. (Cf. ver. 5, note.) The progress of thought in these verses seems to be as follows: Do not be surprised at the contradiction that appears between my teaching and the immediate result; I allowed for this when I began my work (ver. 34). There will, indeed, be separation in the closest earthly ties (vers. 35, 36). But my claims are paramount (vers. 37, 38). And on your relation to them depends everything hereafter (ver. 39). Verse 34. - Parallel passage: Luke 12:51. Think not. Christ here removes another mistaken opinion (Matthew 5:17, note). There the mistake was about his relation to the Law; here about the immediate result of his coming. The Prince of Peace did not come to cast in peace as something from outside. It would show itself eventually, but from within outwards. That which he cast from without was fire (Luke 12:49), a sword (infra). Chrysostom ('Hem.,' 35.) points out, among other illustrations, that the confusion of tongues at the Tower of Babel was better than the peace which preceded it, and itself produced a better peace. That I am come; that I came (Revised Version); cf. further, Matthew 5:17, note. To send peace (βαλεῖν εἰρήνην). The verb was probably chosen because in the other form of the utterance Christ had already said πῦρ βαλεῖν, where the figure is of throwing a firebrand (Luke 12:49). By a natural transition, that phrase led to the thought of "throwing" peace or a sword. St. Luke, on the contrary, softened the metaphor to δοῦναι. On (the, Revised Version) earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Think not ye that I am come to send peace on earth,.... The Jews had a notion of great outward peace and prosperity in the days of the Messiah; which was grounded on several prophecies of the Old Testament, not rightly understood by them; and the disciples of Christ had imbibed the same notion: wherefore our Lord thought fit to let them know the contrary; and that they must not expect outward ease and quiet, and worldly tranquillity would attend their ministry; for though he came to be a peace maker between God and sinners, by the blood of his cross; and was both the author and donor of spiritual peace to his people; and the Gospel he brought with him, and sent them to preach, was the Gospel of peace; which, accompanied with his power, would produce peace in the consciences of men, and be the means of cultivating and maintaining peace among the saints; yet "peace on earth" in a temporal sense, whether in the world in general, or in Judea in particular, must not be expected as the consequence of his coming; so far from it, that he subjoins,

I came, not to send peace, but a sword. By the "sword" may be meant the Gospel, which is the means of dividing and separating the people of Christ from the men of the world, and from their principles and practices, and one relation from another; as also of divisions, discords, and persecutions arising from it: not that it was the intention and design of Christ, in coming into the world, to foment and encourage such things; but this, through the malice and wickedness of men, was eventually the effect and consequence of his coming; see Luke 12:51 where, instead of a "sword", it is "division"; because the sword divides asunder, as does the sword of the Spirit, the word of God.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

34. Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword—strife, discord, conflict; deadly opposition between eternally hostile principles, penetrating into and rending asunder the dearest ties.

Matthew 10:34 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Sword of the Gospel
34"Do not think that I came to bring peace on the earth; I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. 35"For I came to SET A MAN AGAINST HIS FATHER, AND A DAUGHTER AGAINST HER MOTHER, AND A DAUGHTER-IN-LAW AGAINST HER MOTHER-IN-LAW;…
Cross References
Luke 12:51
Do you think I came to bring peace on earth? No, I tell you, but division.

Revelation 6:4
Then another horse came out, a fiery red one. Its rider was given power to take peace from the earth and to make people kill each other. To him was given a large sword.
Treasury of Scripture

Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

that I.

Jeremiah 15:10 Woe is me, my mother, that you have borne me a man of strife and …

Luke 12:49-53 I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already …

John 7:40-52 Many of the people therefore, when they heard this saying, said, …

Acts 13:45-50 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, …

Acts 14:2,4 But the unbelieving Jews stirred up the Gentiles, and made their …

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