Psalm 82:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"The 'gods' know nothing, they understand nothing. They walk about in darkness; all the foundations of the earth are shaken.

New Living Translation
But these oppressors know nothing; they are so ignorant! They wander about in darkness, while the whole world is shaken to the core.

English Standard Version
They have neither knowledge nor understanding, they walk about in darkness; all the foundations of the earth are shaken.

New American Standard Bible
They do not know nor do they understand; They walk about in darkness; All the foundations of the earth are shaken.

King James Bible
They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They do not know or understand; they wander in darkness. All the foundations of the earth are shaken.

International Standard Version
They neither know nor understand; they walk about in the dark while all the foundations of the earth are shaken.

NET Bible
They neither know nor understand. They stumble around in the dark, while all the foundations of the earth crumble.

New Heart English Bible
They do not know, neither do they understand. They walk back and forth in darkness. All the foundations of the earth are shaken.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They have not known neither are they wise; they have been walking in darkness and all the foundations of the Earth are moved!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Wicked people do not know or understand anything. As they walk around in the dark, all the foundations of the earth shake.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They know not, neither do they understand; They go about in darkness; All the foundations of the earth are moved.

New American Standard 1977
They do not know nor do they understand;
            They walk about in darkness;
            All the foundations of the earth are shaken.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They do not know, neither do they understand; they walk in darkness; they move all the foundations of the earth.

King James 2000 Bible
They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

American King James Version
They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

American Standard Version
They know not, neither do they understand; They walk to and fro in darkness: All the foundations of the earth are shaken.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have not known nor understood: they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth shall be moved.

Darby Bible Translation
They know not, neither do they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are moved.

English Revised Version
They know not, neither do they understand; they walk to and fro in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are moved.

Webster's Bible Translation
They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

World English Bible
They don't know, neither do they understand. They walk back and forth in darkness. All the foundations of the earth are shaken.

Young's Literal Translation
They knew not, nor do they understand, In darkness they walk habitually, Moved are all the foundations of earth.
Study Bible
God Presides in the Great Assembly
4Rescue the weak and needy; Deliver them out of the hand of the wicked. 5They do not know nor do they understand; They walk about in darkness; All the foundations of the earth are shaken. 6I said, "You are gods, And all of you are sons of the Most High.…
Cross References
Psalm 11:3
If the foundations are destroyed, What can the righteous do?"

Psalm 14:4
Do all the workers of wickedness not know, Who eat up my people as they eat bread, And do not call upon the Lord?

Psalm 46:2
Therefore we will not fear, though the earth should change And though the mountains slip into the heart of the sea;

Proverbs 2:13
From those who leave the paths of uprightness To walk in the ways of darkness;

Isaiah 59:9
Therefore justice is far from us, And righteousness does not overtake us; We hope for light, but behold, darkness, For brightness, but we walk in gloom.

Jeremiah 4:22
"For My people are foolish, They know Me not; They are stupid children And have no understanding. They are shrewd to do evil, But to do good they do not know."

Jeremiah 23:12
"Therefore their way will be like slippery paths to them, They will be driven away into the gloom and fall down in it; For I will bring calamity upon them, The year of their punishment," declares the LORD.

Micah 3:1
And I said, "Hear now, heads of Jacob And rulers of the house of Israel. Is it not for you to know justice?
Treasury of Scripture

They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

they. That is, the judges know not.
know not

Psalm 53:4 Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as …

Proverbs 1:29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:

Micah 3:1 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of …

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God …

walk

Proverbs 2:13 Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness;

Proverbs 4:19 The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.

Ecclesiastes 2:14 The wise man's eyes are in his head; but the fool walks in darkness: …

John 3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, …

John 12:35 Then Jesus said to them, Yet a little while is the light with you. …

1 John 2:11 But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, …

all the. etc., All the civil institutions of the land totter.

Psalm 11:3 If the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do?

Psalm 75:3 The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up …

Ecclesiastes 3:16 And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness …

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and …

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, …

out of course. Heb. moved

(5) Here we imagine a pause, that interval between warning and judgment which is God's pity and man's opportunity; but the expostulation falls dead without a response. The men are infatuated by their position and blinded by their pride, and the poet, the spectator of this drama of judgment, makes this common reflection. The perversion of judgment strikes him, as it could not fail to do, as an indication of total anarchy and a dissolution of society, a convulsion like an earthquake.

They know not.--Comp. Psalm 58:4, "They have no knowledge;" there, too, of judges corrupted by the moral blindness which, as in the case of Lord Bacon, sometimes so strangely darkens those in whom intellectual light is most keen.

They walk on in darkness--Or, better, They let themselves walk in darkness; the conjugation implying that inclination or will, and not circumstance, brings this dullness to the dictates of justice and right.

All the foundations . . .--The very existence of society is threatened when the source of justice is corrupt.

"Back flow the sacred rivers to their source,

And right and all things veer around their course;

Crafty are men in council, and no more

God-plighted faith abides as once of yore."

EUR. Med., 409.

Verse 5. - They know not, neither will they understand. Scarcely "an aside from the indignant judge," as Professor Cheyne suggests, much less a remark interpolated by the poet (Ewald, Hitzig). Rather a complaint of human perversity, addressed by Jehovah to the angelic host who are present (ver. 1). It is not an accidental and excusable ignorance, but a wilful and guilty one that is spoken cf. They walk on in darkness. Loving darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil (John 3:19), they walked in the way of darkness (Proverbs 2:13). All the foundations of the earth are out of course; rather, are shaken. The fundamental bases on which the life of man upon the earth rests, the very principles of morality, are shaken, and totter to their fail, when those whose place it is to administer justice pervert it and deal out injustice instead. They knew not,.... The Targum adds, to do well. This is to be understood of unjust judges and wicked magistrates, who know not God, and have not the fear of him before their eyes, though he stands in the midst of them, and judges among them; which is the source of their unjust judging and unrighteous proceedings: for because they know not God, nor fear him, therefore they regard not men: nor do such know themselves; they are called gods, and they think they are so, and do not consider they are but men; they are the ministers of God, deputies under him, and are accountable to him: nor do they know their duty before pointed out; it is for them to know judgment, what is right, and what is wrong, that they may pronounce righteous judgment, Micah 3:2, but they do not know it, at least so as to practise it: nor did the Jewish rulers know Christ, which was the reason of their unrighteous dealing with him and with his followers; they put him to death, and so they did them, because they knew him not, 1 Corinthians 2:8,

neither will they understand: the Targum adds, by way of explanation, "the law", the rule of judgment, which judges ought to understand; so the Jewish rulers, Pharisees and Sadducees, were upbraided by Christ with ignorance of the Scriptures, and the law of God, their false glosses of which he refutes, Matthew 5:1 and their ignorance was wilful and affected, they shut their eyes against light and evidence, especially with respect to Christ; they could discern the face of the sky, but not the signs of the times, Matthew 16:3, who so blind as they that will not see? and such were the Jewish rulers; see Isaiah 42:19,

they walk on in darkness; they chose darkness rather than light, and so were blind leaders of the blind, and were wilfully so, having their eyes blinded with gifts, Deuteronomy 16:19,

all the foundations of the earth are out of course; or "shaken" or "moved" (f): by the perversion of justice, towns, cities, commonwealths, kingdoms, and states, are thrown into the utmost disorder and confusion: as the king by judgment establisheth the land; Proverbs 29:4, so when judgment is not executed, it is unsettled, and thrown into confusion; or though (g) "the foundation", &c. though this is the case, yet unjust judges will go on, perverting judgment, even though, as at the deluge, the foundations of the earth were shaken and moved, for the violence, rapine, and oppression, the earth was then filled with, which Kimchi thinks is here referred to; and though a dissolution of the Jewish polity, civil and ecclesiastical, was threatened, because of such injustice; that God would once more shake the heavens and the earth, remove their church and civil state, when they should cease to be a nation, their city be destroyed, and their temple, not one stone left upon another; and yet such was the obstinacy of their wicked judges, that they would persist their wicked ways.

(f) "moventur", Vatablus; "dimoventur", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "commoventur", Gejerus; "nutant", Tigurine version. (g) So Ainsworth. 5. By the wilful ignorance and negligence of judges, anarchy ensues (Ps 11:3; 75:3).

out of course—(Compare Margin; Ps 9:6; 62:2).82:1-5 Magistrates are the mighty in authority for the public good. Magistrates are the ministers of God's providence, for keeping up order and peace, and particularly in punishing evil-doers, and protecting those that do well. Good princes and good judges, who mean well, are under Divine direction; and bad ones, who mean ill, are under Divine restraint. The authority of God is to be submitted to, in those governors whom his providence places over us. But when justice is turned from what is right, no good can be expected. The evil actions of public persons are public mischiefs.
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