Psalm 81:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When God went out against Egypt, he established it as a statute for Joseph. I heard an unknown voice say:

New Living Translation
He made it a law for Israel when he attacked Egypt to set us free. I heard an unknown voice say,

English Standard Version
He made it a decree in Joseph when he went out over the land of Egypt. I hear a language I had not known:

New American Standard Bible
He established it for a testimony in Joseph When he went throughout the land of Egypt. I heard a language that I did not know:

King James Bible
This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He set it up as an ordinance for Joseph when He went throughout the land of Egypt. I heard an unfamiliar language:"

International Standard Version
a decree that he prescribed for Joseph when he went throughout the land of Egypt, speaking a language I did not recognize.

NET Bible
He decreed it as a regulation in Joseph, when he attacked the land of Egypt. I heard a voice I did not recognize.

New Heart English Bible
He appointed it in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out over the land of Egypt, I heard a language that I did not know.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He appointed a testimony in Joseph when he went forth to the land of Egypt; he heard a language that he did not know.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These are the instructions God set in place for Joseph when Joseph rose to power over Egypt. I heard a message I did not understand:

JPS Tanakh 1917
He appointed it in Joseph for a testimony, When He went forth against the land of Egypt. The speech of one that I knew not did I hear:

New American Standard 1977
He established it for a testimony in Joseph,
            When he went throughout the land of Egypt.
            I heard a language that I did not know:

Jubilee Bible 2000
This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt where I heard a language that I did not understand.

King James 2000 Bible
This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.

American King James Version
This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.

American Standard Version
He appointed it in Joseph for a testimony, When he went out over the land of Egypt, Where I heard a language that I knew not.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He ordained it for a testimony in Joseph, when he came out of the land of Egypt: he heard a tongue which he knew not.

Darby Bible Translation
He ordained it in Joseph [for] a testimony, when he went forth over the land of Egypt, [where] I heard a language that I knew not.

English Revised Version
He appointed it in Joseph for testimony, when he went out over the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I knew not.

Webster's Bible Translation
This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.

World English Bible
He appointed it in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out over the land of Egypt, I heard a language that I didn't know.

Young's Literal Translation
A testimony on Joseph He hath placed it, In his going forth over the land of Egypt. A lip, I have not known -- I hear.
Study Bible
Sing Aloud to God, Our Strength!
4For it is a statute for Israel, An ordinance of the God of Jacob. 5He established it for a testimony in Joseph When he went throughout the land of Egypt. I heard a language that I did not know: 6"I relieved his shoulder of the burden, His hands were freed from the basket.…
Cross References
Exodus 11:4
Moses said, "Thus says the LORD, 'About midnight I am going out into the midst of Egypt,

Deuteronomy 28:49
"The LORD will bring a nation against you from afar, from the end of the earth, as the eagle swoops down, a nation whose language you shall not understand,

Psalm 78:5
For He established a testimony in Jacob And appointed a law in Israel, Which He commanded our fathers That they should teach them to their children,

Psalm 81:4
For it is a statute for Israel, An ordinance of the God of Jacob.

Psalm 114:1
When Israel went forth from Egypt, The house of Jacob from a people of strange language,

Jeremiah 5:15
"Behold, I am bringing a nation against you from afar, O house of Israel," declares the LORD. "It is an enduring nation, It is an ancient nation, A nation whose language you do not know, Nor can you understand what they say.
Treasury of Scripture

This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.

in Joseph

Psalm 77:15 You have with your arm redeemed your people, the sons of Jacob and …

Psalm 80:1,2 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you that lead Joseph like a flock; …

Amos 6:6 That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: …

for a

Psalm 78:6 That the generation to come might know them, even the children which …

Exodus 13:8,9,14-16 And you shall show your son in that day, saying, This is done because …

Deuteronomy 4:45 These are the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments, which …

Ezekiel 20:20 And hallow my sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between me and you, …

through. or, against

Exodus 12:12,27,29 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite …

where

Psalm 114:1 When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of …

Deuteronomy 28:49 The LORD shall bring a nation against you from far, from the end …

Isaiah 28:11 For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people.

Jeremiah 5:15 See, I will bring a nation on you from far, O house of Israel, said …

1 Corinthians 14:21,22 In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips …

(5) Joseph.--The prominence given to this name indicates, according to some critics, that the author belonged to the northern kingdom:. but when a poet was wishing to vary his style of speaking of the whole people--the names Israel and Jacob have just been used--the name Joseph would naturally occur, especially with the mention of Egypt, where that patriarch had played such a conspicuous part.

Through the land of Egypt.--The Hebrew means either upon, over, or against, but none of these meanings will suit with Israel as the subject of the verb. Hence, the LXX., in disregard of use, give "out of Egypt." But God is doubtless the subject of the verb, and we may render, over the land of Egypt, in allusion to Exodus 12:23, or against the land of Egypt, in reference to the Divine hostility to Pharaoh.

Where I heard . . .--The insertion of the relatival adverb, where, makes this refer to the Egyptian tongue (comp. Psalm 114:1), giving an equivalent for, "when I was in a foreign country." So apparently the LXX. and Vulg. But the expression, words unknown to me I heard, when followed by an apparent quotation, most naturally introduces that quotation. The poet hears a message, which comes borne to him on the festival music, and this he goes on to deliver.

Verse 5. - This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony. The special mention of "Joseph" here is strange. Professor Cheyne explains, "God appointed the Law to be valid in northern as well as southern Israel." Hengstenberg and Professor Alexander account for the expression by the pre-eminence of Joseph during the sojourn in Egypt. When he went out through the land of Egypt. When he (Joseph) went out over (or, across) the land," i.e. at the time of the Exodus. Where I heard a language that I understood not. It can scarcely be supposed that this clause belongs properly to ver. 5. It is rather an introduction to the monody wherewith the psalm (as it has come down to us) concludes - the mournful complaint of God against his people. So Professor Cheyne, who translates, "The discourse of no whom I had not known (i.e. of God) did I hear." This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony,.... That is, this law concerning the blowing of trumpets on the new moon, and the keeping the solemn feast at the full of the moon, was made to be observed by all Israel, who are meant by Joseph, for a testimony of God's good will to them, and of their duty and obedience to him:

when he went out through the land of Egypt, or "over it" (b); which some understand of Joseph, who is said to go over all the land of Egypt, to gather in provision against the seven years of famine, Genesis 41:45 and Jarchi says that his deliverance from prison was at the beginning of the year, and was advanced in Pharaoh's court: and the meaning is, either "when he", the Lord, "went out against the land of Egypt", so Arama, in order to slay their firstborn; and when he passed over Israel, and saved them; marched through the land in his indignation, and went forth for the salvation of his people, Exodus 11:4 then was the ordinance of the passover appointed: or when Israel went out of Egypt, designed by Joseph, some little time after, while in the wilderness, and dwelling in tents, the feast of tabernacles was instituted; but rather this shows that the feast of passover is before meant, which was instituted at the time of Israel's going out of Egypt, and was the solemn feast day ordained for a statute, law and testimony in Israel; and that the new moon, or month rather, on which the trumpet was to be blown, was the month Abib, the beginning of months, by an ordinance of God, Exodus 12:2.

where I heard a language that I understood not; here the prophet represents the people of Israel in Egypt; though the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Arabic versions, read,

he heard, and he understood not and the language is either the voice of God out of the fire, which before was never heard in this unusual manner, nor understood, Deuteronomy 5:24 or the speech of Moses, who had Aaron for his mouth and spokesman; or rather the Egyptian language, which was not understood by the Israelites without an interpreter, Genesis 42:23 which sense is confirmed by Psalm 114:1, and this is mentioned as an aggravation of their affliction in Egypt; see Jeremiah 5:15.

(b) "in ipsum exeundo", Montanus; "cum exiret ipse super terram", Pagninus. 5. a testimony—The feasts, especially the passover, attested God's relation to His people.

Joseph—for Israel (Ps 80:1).

went out through—or, "over," that is, Israel in the exodus.

I heard—change of person. The writer speaks for the nation.

language—literally, "lip" (Ps 14:1). An aggravation or element of their distress that their oppressors were foreigners (De 28:49).81:1-7 All the worship we can render to the Lord is beneath his excellences, and our obligations to him, especially in our redemption from sin and wrath. What God had done on Israel's behalf, was kept in remembrance by public solemnities. To make a deliverance appear more gracious, more glorious, it is good to observe all that makes the trouble we are delivered from appear more grievous. We ought never to forget the base and ruinous drudgery to which Satan, our oppressor, brought us. But when, in distress of conscience, we are led to cry for deliverance, the Lord answers our prayers, and sets us at liberty. Convictions of sin, and trials by affliction, prove his regard to his people. If the Jews, on their solemn feast-days, were thus to call to mind their redemption out of Egypt, much more ought we, on the Christian sabbath, to call to mind a more glorious redemption, wrought out for us by our Lord Jesus Christ, from worse bondage.
Jump to Previous
Appointed Decree Ears Egypt Established Forth Hear Heard Joseph Language Ordained Placed Sounding Speech Statute Strange Testimony Throughout Tongue Understand Understood Voice Witness Words
Jump to Next
Appointed Decree Ears Egypt Established Forth Hear Heard Joseph Language Ordained Placed Sounding Speech Statute Strange Testimony Throughout Tongue Understand Understood Voice Witness Words
Links
Psalm 81:5 NIV
Psalm 81:5 NLT
Psalm 81:5 ESV
Psalm 81:5 NASB
Psalm 81:5 KJV

Psalm 81:5 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 81:5 Chinese Bible
Psalm 81:5 French Bible
Psalm 81:5 German Bible

Alphabetical: a against as did Egypt established for He heard I in it Joseph know land language not of out statute testimony that the throughout understand we went when where

OT Poetry: Psalm 81:5 He appointed it in Joseph (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Psalm 81:4
Top of Page
Top of Page