Proverbs 1:21
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
on top of the wall she cries out, at the city gate she makes her speech:

New Living Translation
She calls to the crowds along the main street, to those gathered in front of the city gate:

English Standard Version
at the head of the noisy streets she cries out; at the entrance of the city gates she speaks:

New American Standard Bible
At the head of the noisy streets she cries out; At the entrance of the gates in the city she utters her sayings:

King James Bible
She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, saying,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
She cries out above the commotion; she speaks at the entrance of the city gates:"

International Standard Version
She calls out at the busiest part of the noisy streets, and at the entrance to the gates of the city she utters her words:

NET Bible
at the head of the noisy streets she calls, in the entrances of the gates in the city she utters her words:

New Heart English Bible
She calls at the head of noisy places. At the entrance of the city gates, she utters her words:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
She preaches in the chief streets and she speaks her words in the entrances of the city gates.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At the corners of noisy streets she calls out. At the entrances to the city she speaks her words,

JPS Tanakh 1917
She calleth at the head of the noisy streets, At the entrances of the gates, in the city, she uttereth her words:

New American Standard 1977
At the head of the noisy streets she cries out;
            At the entrance of the gates in the city, she utters her sayings:

Jubilee Bible 2000
She cries in the chief place of concourse, in the entrance to the gates of the city she utters her words, saying,

King James 2000 Bible
She cries in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she utters her words, saying,

American King James Version
She cries in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she utters her words, saying,

American Standard Version
She crieth in the chief place of concourse; At the entrance of the gates, In the city, she uttereth her words:

Douay-Rheims Bible
At the head of multitudes she crieth out, in the entrance of the gates of the city she uttereth her words, saying:

Darby Bible Translation
she calleth in the chief [place] of concourse, in the entry of the gates; in the city she uttereth her words:

English Revised Version
She crieth in the chief place of concourse; at the entering in of the gates, in the city, she uttereth her words:

Webster's Bible Translation
She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, saying,

World English Bible
She calls at the head of noisy places. At the entrance of the city gates, she utters her words:

Young's Literal Translation
At the head of the multitudes she calleth, In the openings of the gates, In the city her sayings she saith:
Study Bible
Wisdom Calls Aloud
20Wisdom shouts in the street, She lifts her voice in the square; 21At the head of the noisy streets she cries out; At the entrance of the gates in the city she utters her sayings: 22"How long, O naive ones, will you love being simple-minded? And scoffers delight themselves in scoffing And fools hate knowledge?…
Cross References
Proverbs 1:20
Wisdom shouts in the street, She lifts her voice in the square;

Proverbs 1:22
"How long, O naive ones, will you love being simple-minded? And scoffers delight themselves in scoffing And fools hate knowledge?

Proverbs 8:1
Does not wisdom call, And understanding lift up her voice?
Treasury of Scripture

She cries in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she utters her words, saying,

Proverbs 9:3 She has sent forth her maidens: she cries on the highest places of the city,

Matthew 10:27 What I tell you in darkness, that speak you in light: and what you …

Matthew 13:2 And great multitudes were gathered together to him, so that he went …

John 18:20 Jesus answered him, I spoke openly to the world; I ever taught in …

Acts 5:20 Go, stand and speak in the temple to the people all the words of this life.

(21) Crieth.--She cannot bear to see sinners rushing madly on their doom. (Comp. Christ's weeping over Jerusalem, Luke 19:41; and Romans 9:2, sqq; Philippians 3:18, sqq.)

Verse 21. - She crieth in the chief place of concourse. The chief place is literally the head (רלֺאשׁ, rosh); here used figuratively for the place where streets or roads branch off in different directions, as in Ezekiel 16:25, "the beginning of streets," or "the head of the way;" comp. Genesis 2:10, where it is used of the point at which the four streams branched off; and the corresponding expression in Proverbs 8:2, "She staudeth in the top (rosh) of high places." Of concourse; הֹמִיּות (homiyyoth) is the plural of the adjective, הומִי (homi): literally, "those who are making a noise," or "the tumultuous;" here, as in Isaiah 22:2 and 1 Kings 1:41, used substantively for "boisterous, noisy places" (compare the Vulgate, in capite turbaram). The variation in the LXX., "on high walls," or "on the tops of the walls" (ἐπ᾿ ἄκρων δὲ τειχέων, super summos muros), which is adopted also in the Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic Versions, arises from reading חומות (khomoth), "walls," for the Masoretic homiyyoth. In the openings of the gates. The opening (פֶתַח pethakh) is the opening of the gate, or the entrance by the gate (שַׁעַר, shaar), i.e. of the city, the introitus portae of the Chaldee and Syriac Versions. The openings of the gates would be thronged, as courts of justice were held at the gates (Deuteronomy 16:18; 2 Samuel 15:2); business was carried on there, as the selling and redemption of land (Genesis 23:10-16; Ruth 4:1); markets were also held there (2 Kings 7:1-18); and the same localities were used for the councils of the state and conferences (Genesis 34:20; 2 Samuel 3:27; 2 Chronicles 18:9; Jeremiah 17:19; comp. Proverbs 31:33, "Her husband is known in the gates"). In place of the expression, "in the openings of the gates," the LXX. reads, Ἐπὶ δὲ πύλαις δυναστῶν παρεδρεύει, "And at the gates of the mighty she sits" - an interpolation which only partially represents the sense of the original, and which is adopted in the Arabic. In the next clause, for "in the city" is substituted ἐπὶ δὲ πύλαις πόλεως, "at the gates of the city." The Vulgate combines the separate clauses of the original in one - in foribus portarum urbis, "in the entrances and openings of the gates of the city." In the city (בָעִיר, bair); i.e. in the city itself (so Aben Ezra, ap. Gejerus), as opposed to the entrance by the gates, and so used antithetically (as Umbreit, Bertheau, Hitzig). The publicity of the teaching of Wisdom, observable in the places she selects for that purpose, also marked the public ministry of our Lord and his disciples, and finds an illustration in his command, "What ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops" (Matthew 10:27); i.e. give it all the publicity possible. The spirit of Wisdom, like that of Christianity, is aggressive (see Wardlaw, 'Lectures on Proverbs 4,' vol. 1. pp. 40, 41). She crieth in the chief place of concourse,.... Where a multitude of people meet together; the Targum is,

"on the top of palaces;''

but rather it is to be understood of the synagogues of the Jews, where Christ frequently preached; and which, from hence, they build in the highest part of the city (c); and best of all the temple, whither the tribes of Israel went up to worship in great bodies, and to which the Jews daily resorted; here Christ taught publicly, as he himself says, John 18:20;

in the opening of the gates; either of the city, at which people went in and out in great numbers; or of the temple, where they passed and repassed continually on account of worship; see John 10:23; in allusion hereunto the public worship of God's house is signified by the gates of Zion, and also of Wisdom, Psalm 87:2;

in the city she uttereth her words; the doctrines of the Gospel; even in the city of Jerusalem literally, and in other cities of Judea and Galilee, the singular being put for the plural; and figuratively in the church of God, often compared to a city; and so all these expressions of "without", in the "streets", in the "chief place of concourse", "the opening of the gates", and "the city", may denote in general the openness and publicness of the Gospel ministry, both by Christ in his apostles, in Judea, and in the Gentile world; more especially the former;

saying, as follows.

(c) Maimon. Hilchot Tephillah, c. 11. s. 2.21. The publicity further indicated by terms designating places of most common resort.1:20-33 Solomon, having showed how dangerous it is to hearken to the temptations of Satan, here declares how dangerous it is not to hearken to the calls of God. Christ himself is Wisdom, is Wisdoms. Three sorts of persons are here called by Him: 1. Simple ones. Sinners are fond of their simple notions of good and evil, their simple prejudices against the ways of God, and flatter themselves in their wickedness. 2. Scorners. Proud, jovial people, that make a jest of every thing. Scoffers at religion, that run down every thing sacred and serious. 3. Fools. Those are the worst of fools that hate to be taught, and have a rooted dislike to serious godliness. The precept is plain; Turn you at my reproof. We do not make a right use of reproofs, if we do not turn from evil to that which is good. The promises are very encouraging. Men cannot turn by any power of their own; but God answers, Behold, I will pour out my Spirit unto you. Special grace is needful to sincere conversion. But that grace shall never be denied to any who seek it. The love of Christ, and the promises mingled with his reproofs, surely should have the attention of every one. It may well be asked, how long men mean to proceed in such a perilous path, when the uncertainty of life and the consequences of dying without Christ are considered? Now sinners live at ease, and set sorrow at defiance; but their calamity will come. Now God is ready to hear their prayers; but then they shall cry in vain. Are we yet despisers of wisdom? Let us hearken diligently, and obey the Lord Jesus, that we may enjoy peace of conscience and confidence in God; be free from evil, in life, in death, and for ever.
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