Psalm 119:130
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The unfolding of your words gives light; it gives understanding to the simple.

New Living Translation
The teaching of your word gives light, so even the simple can understand.

English Standard Version
The unfolding of your words gives light; it imparts understanding to the simple.

New American Standard Bible
The unfolding of Your words gives light; It gives understanding to the simple.

King James Bible
The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The revelation of Your words brings light and gives understanding to the inexperienced.

International Standard Version
The disclosure of your words illuminates, providing understanding to the simple.

NET Bible
Your instructions are a doorway through which light shines. They give insight to the untrained.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Open your word and shine and give understanding to young children.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Your word is a doorway that lets in light, and it helps gullible people understand.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The exposition of thy words gives light; it gives understanding unto the simple.

King James 2000 Bible
The entrance of your words gives light; it gives understanding unto the simple.

American King James Version
The entrance of your words gives light; it gives understanding to the simple.

American Standard Version
The opening of thy words giveth light; It giveth understanding unto the simple.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The declaration of thy words giveth light: and giveth understanding to little ones.

Darby Bible Translation
The entrance of thy words giveth light, giving understanding unto the simple.

English Revised Version
The opening of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.

Webster's Bible Translation
The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding to the simple.

World English Bible
The entrance of your words gives light. It gives understanding to the simple.

Young's Literal Translation
The opening of Thy words enlighteneth, Instructing the simple.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

119:129-136 The wonders of redeeming love will fix the heart in adoration of them. The Scriptures show us what we were, what we are, and what we shall be. They show us the mercy and the justice of the Lord, the joys of heaven, and the pains of hell. Thus they give to the simple, in a few days, understanding of those matters, which philosophers for ages sought in vain. The believer, wearied with the cares of life and his conflicts with sin, pants for the consolations conveyed to him by means of the sacred word. And every one may pray, Look thou upon me, and be merciful unto me as thou usest to do unto those that love thy name. We must beg that the Holy Spirit would order our steps. The dominion of sin is to be dreaded and prayed against by every one. The oppression of men is often more than flesh and blood can bear; and He who knoweth our frame, will not refuse to remove it in answer to the prayers of his people. Whatever obscurity may appear as to the faith of the Old Testament believers, their confidence at the throne of grace can only be explained by their having obtained more distinct views of gospel privileges, through the sacrifices and services of their law, than is generally imagined. Go to the same place, plead the name and merits of Jesus, and you will not, you cannot plead in vain. Commonly, where there is a gracious heart, there is a weeping eye. Accept, O Lord, the tears our blessed Redeemer shed in the days of his flesh, for us who should weep for our brethren or ourselves.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 130. - The entrance of thy words giveth light; rather, the opening (or opening up) of thy words. Their full exposition and interpretation (comp. vers. 98-100, 104, 105, etc.). It giveth understanding to the simple (comp. Psalm 19:7; Proverbs 1:4).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The entrance of thy words giveth light,.... The beginning of them; the first three chapters in Genesis, what light do they give into the origin of all things; the creation of man, his state of innocence; his fall through the temptations of Satan, and his recovery and salvation by Christ, the seed of the woman, the first principles of the oracles of God, the rudiments of religion, the elements of the world, the rites of the ceremonial law, gave great light into Gospel mysteries. As soon as a man enters upon reading the Scriptures, if he has any degree of understanding of the things in them, they immediately throw light into his mind; or, however, as soon as ever the word has an entrance into the heart, and through the Spirit, power, and grace of God, makes its way and has a place there, that being opened by the Lord for that purpose, light arises in darkness. It maybe rendered, "the opening of thy words giveth light" (p); and may signify either the interpretation and explanation of the word of God by the ministers of it, which is often of singular use for enlightening and warming the hearts of men, Luke 24:32; and to this sense are the Vulgate Latin and Septuagint versions; the one rendering it "the declaration of thy words", the other, "the manifestation" of them; and so the Ethiopic and Arabic versions; and to this sense is the Targum;

"the impression of thy words will enlighten those that are dark.''

Or it may intend the word that opens, as well as is opened, since it is the means of opening blind eyes; and so giving light to men to see their lost state by nature, and the suitableness of Christ as a Saviour, his fulness and grace, ability and willingness; to behold the wondrous things of the Gospel, the way they should walk in, and the duties of religion they should perform;

it giveth understanding unto the simple: who want understanding in the knowledge of divine and spiritual things, as all men do; and who are sensible of their want of it, ingenuously confess it, and are meek and humble; and so not above instruction, as proud and conceited persons are. Some render it "babes" (q); and it may design such who are but of weak parts, in comparison of others, to whom the things of the Gospel are revealed, when they are hid from the wise and prudent: Christ by his Spirit opens their understandings, that they may understand the Scriptures; and by means of them gives them an understanding of himself, and of those things which make them wise unto salvation, and make for their spiritual peace and comfort, and their eternal welfare; see Psalm 19:7.

(p) "apertio", Pagninus, Montanus, Musculus, Vatablus, Michaelis; "apertura", Cocceius, Gejerus; so Ainsworth. (q) Sept. "parvulis", V. L. so Arab. Ethiop. Musculus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

130. The entrance—literally, "opening"; God's words, as an open door, let in light, or knowledge. Rather, as Hengstenberg explains it, "The opening up," or, "explanation of thy word." To the natural man the doors of God's Word are shut. Lu 24:27, 31; Ac 17:3; Eph 1:18, confirm this view, "opening (that is, explaining) and alleging," &c.

unto the simple—those needing or desiring it (compare Ps 19:7).

Psalm 119:130 Additional Commentaries
Context
Thy Word
129Your testimonies are wonderful; Therefore my soul observes them. 130The unfolding of Your words gives light; It gives understanding to the simple. 131I opened my mouth wide and panted, For I longed for Your commandments.…
Cross References
Psalm 19:7
The law of the LORD is perfect, refreshing the soul. The statutes of the LORD are trustworthy, making wise the simple.

Psalm 49:3
My mouth will speak words of wisdom; the meditation of my heart will give you understanding.

Psalm 119:98
Your commands are always with me and make me wiser than my enemies.

Psalm 119:104
I gain understanding from your precepts; therefore I hate every wrong path.

Proverbs 6:23
For this command is a lamp, this teaching is a light, and correction and instruction are the way to life,
Treasury of Scripture

The entrance of your words gives light; it gives understanding to the simple.

entrance. Or, opening; the Scriptures give satisfactory light to the mind upon every subject of which they treat; and speedily communicate more useful knowledge to the simplest believer, upon the most important topics, than the acutest philosophers have been able to develop through successive ages.

Psalm 119:105 Your word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my path.

Proverbs 6:23 For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs …

Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this …

Luke 1:77-79 To give knowledge of salvation to his people by the remission of their sins…

Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and …

2 Corinthians 4:4,6 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which …

Ephesians 5:13,14 But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: …

2 Peter 1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto you do well …

it giveth

Psalm 19:7 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony …

Proverbs 1:4,22,23 To give subtlety to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion…

Proverbs 9:4-6 Whoever is simple, let him turn in here: as for him that wants understanding, …

Romans 16:18,19 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly…

2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child you have known the holy scriptures…

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