Luke 11:49
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Because of this, God in his wisdom said, 'I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and others they will persecute.'

New Living Translation
This is what God in his wisdom said about you: 'I will send prophets and apostles to them, but they will kill some and persecute the others.'

English Standard Version
Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and persecute,’

Berean Study Bible
Because of this, the Wisdom of God said, 'I will send them prophets and apostles; some of them they will kill and others they will persecute.'

Berean Literal Bible
Because of this also, the Wisdom of God said, 'I will send to them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will kill and persecute,'

New American Standard Bible
"For this reason also the wisdom of God said, 'I will send to them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will kill and some they will persecute,

King James Bible
Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Because of this, the wisdom of God said, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will kill and persecute,'

International Standard Version
That is why the Wisdom of God said, 'I will send them prophets and apostles. They will kill some of them and persecute others,'

NET Bible
For this reason also the wisdom of God said, 'I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and persecute,'

New Heart English Bible
Therefore also the wisdom of God said, 'I will send to them prophets and apostles; and some of them they will kill and persecute,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Because of this The Wisdom of God said, “Behold, I am sending Prophets and Apostles to them, and some of them they shall persecute and murder”,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
That's why the Wisdom of God said, 'I will send them prophets and apostles. They will murder some of those prophets and apostles and persecute others.'

New American Standard 1977
“For this reason also the wisdom of God said, ‘I will send to them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will kill and some they will persecute,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and others they shall persecute:

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute:

American King James Version
Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute:

American Standard Version
Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send unto them prophets and apostles; and'some of them they shall kill and persecute;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For this cause also the wisdom of God said: I will send to them prophets and apostles; and some of them they will kill and persecute.

Darby Bible Translation
For this reason also the wisdom of God has said, I will send to them prophets and apostles, and of these shall they kill and drive out by persecution,

English Revised Version
Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send unto them prophets and apostles; and some of them they shall kill and persecute;

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will slay and persecute:

Weymouth New Testament
"For this reason also the Wisdom of God has said, 'I will send Prophets and Apostles to them, of whom they will kill some and persecute others,'

World English Bible
Therefore also the wisdom of God said, 'I will send to them prophets and apostles; and some of them they will kill and persecute,

Young's Literal Translation
because of this also the wisdom of God said: I will send to them prophets, and apostles, and some of them they shall kill and persecute,
Study Bible
Woes to Religious Leaders
48So you are witnesses who consent to the deeds of your fathers: They killed the prophets, and you build their tombs. 49Because of this, the Wisdom of God said, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles; some of them they will kill and others they will persecute.’ 50As a result, this generation will be charged with the blood of all the prophets that has been shed since the foundation of the world,…
Cross References
Jeremiah 7:25
"Since the day that your fathers came out of the land of Egypt until this day, I have sent you all My servants the prophets, daily rising early and sending them.

Matthew 23:34
Because of this, I am sending you prophets and wise men and teachers. Some of them you will kill and crucify, and others you will flog in your synagogues and persecute in town after town.

Luke 11:48
So you are witnesses who consent to the deeds of your fathers: They killed the prophets, and you build their tombs.

Acts 11:27
In those days some prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch.

1 Corinthians 1:24
but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.

1 Corinthians 1:30
It is because of Him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God: our righteousness, holiness, and redemption.

Colossians 2:3
in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.

Revelation 16:6
For they have spilled the blood of saints and prophets, and You have given them blood to drink as they deserve."

Revelation 18:20
"Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you saints and apostles and prophets; because it is for you that God has pronounced His judgment against her."
Treasury of Scripture

Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute:

the wisdom. Probably by the Wisdom of God we are to understand the [logos,] or Word of God, that is, our Lord himself; this being a dignified and oriental mode of expression for I say, as it is in the parallel passage.

Proverbs 1:2 To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding;

Proverbs 8:1-12 Does not wisdom cry? and understanding put forth her voice…

Proverbs 9:1-3 Wisdom has built her house, she has hewn out her seven pillars…

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, …

Colossians 2:3 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.

I will.

Luke 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his …

Matthew 23:34 Why, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and …

Acts 1:8 But you shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come on …

Ephesians 4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; …

and some.

Luke 21:16,17 And you shall be betrayed both by parents, and brothers, and kinfolks, …

Matthew 22:6 And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them.

John 16:2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yes, the time comes, that …

Acts 7:57-60 Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and …

Acts 8:1,3 And Saul was consenting to his death. And at that time there was …

Acts 9:1,2 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the …

Acts 12:1,2 Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex …

Acts 22:4,5 And I persecuted this way to the death, binding and delivering into …

Acts 22:20 And when the blood of your martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing …

Acts 26:10,11 Which thing I also did in Jerusalem: and many of the saints did I …

2 Corinthians 11:24,25 Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one…

(49-51) Therefore also said the wisdom of God.--The words that follow are in the main the same as those of Matthew 23:34-36, where see Notes. There are, however, some remarkable variations, each of which suggests some questions of interest. (1) The words here appear at first sight as if they were a quotation from a book recognised as of divine authority, and not a few critics have supposed that there was such a book, bearing the title of "The Wisdom of God," either when our Lord spoke, or when St. Luke wrote. On the other hand there is no trace of the existence of a book with that name; and if it had been prominent enough to be quoted, as it seems to be quoted here, it could scarcely have failed to have left its impress elsewhere. On the whole, then, it seems best to look on the words as a solemn utterance which our Lord's human soul had received as an oracle from God, and which was therefore proclaimed by Him as coming from His Wisdom. His words that "Wisdom is justified of her children" (Matthew 11:19), present, it is obvious, another example of the same way of speaking of the divine purpose. (2) For "the prophets, and wise men, and scribes" of St. Matthew, we have here "prophets and apostles." The combination points to a Christian, not a pre-Christian, terminology, and is the first example of the union of the two terms that afterwards became normal. (See Note on Luke 10:1.) It goes some way, it may be remarked, to confirm the view suggested in that Note, that two distinct bodies, known respectively as "Prophets" and "Apostles," had already been appointed, and that as the Twelve answered to the latter, so did the Seventy to the former.

Some of them shall they slay and persecute.--Note, as perhaps characteristic of St. Luke, the absence of the specific forms of persecution, "crucifying" and "scourging in the synagogues."

Verse 49. - Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets. "'Therefore" - in other words, 'Because of the determined, irreconcilable hatred of you Pharisees, and the people whom you guide, to all that is noble and true and real; because, in spite of your seeming piety, you are fast rooted in impiety' - 'Therefore said the wisdom of God, I will send.'" The expression, "wisdom of God," has been a difficulty to commentators. The words have been referred

(1) to a quotation of the Lord's from a lost apocryphal book of that name; but we have no instance of Jesus ever quoting from an apocryphal book, known or unknown.

(2) St. Luke is here quoting from the similar passage in St. Matthew's Gospel, which, when he was compiling his Gospel, lay before him, and alludes to the earlier memoir as "The Wisdom of God." Against this we have no proof that St. Luke ever saw St. Matthew's Gospel, but a strong probability exists to the contrary; besides which, the expression is never used by an apostolic writer in such a sense.

(3) A reference is here intended to the Book of Proverbs, which in the early Church was known by the title of "The Wisdom of God," and the passage referred to is Luke 1:20 and 31. Putting aside all these, it seems best to consider the expression simply as a solemn utterance of the Lord, in which he identifies himself with the "Wisdom of God." And this certainly is borne out by a comparison with the report of St. Matthew of a similar announcement made by Jesus on another occasion (Matthew 23:34). There we read that the Master said, "Behold, I send unto you prophets," etc. The I is emphatic, and betrays the Divine self-consciousness of Jesus. For a moment the poor Rabbi of Galilee is forgotten, and in his lofty indignation, in his profound sorrow over the stubborn heart of Israel, on both the occasions in which he is reported to have spoken these words of awful prophecy, the Redeemer identifies Himself with God. St. Matthew, "Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets," etc.; St. Luke, "Therefore also said the Wisdom of God, I will send them prophets," etc. The form of the prediction and the original thought were both, no doubt, derived by Jesus from the solemn passage in 2 Chronicles 24:19, "Yet he sent prophets to them, to bring them again unto the Lord;... but they would not give ear," etc. This was followed immediately by the account of the preaching of Zechariah (the instance chosen here by the Lord, ver. 51), and how the faithful witness was stoned by the people in the court of the house of the Lord (2 Chronicles 24:20, 21). And apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute. The title "apostle" is joined here with the well-known title of "prophet." The earthly reward that these his servants, the apostles, will meet with at the hands of the people of Israel will be the same as that meted out to those old martyr-prophets, viz. persecution and death. Therefore also said the wisdom of God,..... The Syriac version only reads "wisdom"; by which seems to be meant not the perfection of God's wisdom: though it is usual with the Jews to represent the divine perfections as speaking, as the justice and mercy of God. They say (b), that

"when the holy blessed God sought to make Hezekiah the Messiah, and Sennacherib, Gog, and Magog, , "the property of judgment", or "justice, said" before the holy, blessed God, Lord of the world, &c.''

and so the sense may be here, that the infinite wisdom of God said within himself, determined in his own breast, to do what follows. But I rather think that Christ is intended, who, as God, is the essential wisdom of God; and, as man and mediator, has the spirit of wisdom resting on him, and the treasures of wisdom and knowledge hid in him; since this is said by Christ, Matthew 23:34 though the words here seem to be the words of the evangelist relating what Christ had said. Some have thought, that some book, under the name of "The Wisdom of God", is here cited, which had in it the following words,

I will send them prophets and apostles; which, in Matthew, are called prophets, wise men, and Scribes; and by whom are meant the apostles of Christ, and the ministers of the Gospel. The Persic version reads, "lo, I send to you", as in Matthew 23:34,

and some of them they shall slay and persecute; some of them they shall put to death, and others they shall persecute from one place to another; See Gill on Matthew 23:34.

(b) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 94. 1. Vid. Targum in Eccl. x. 8. & in Lam. i. 1. & ii. 20. 49-51. said the wisdom, etc.—a remarkable variation of the words in Mt 23:34, "Behold I SEND." As there seems plainly an allusion to ancient warnings of what God would do with so incorrigible a people, so here Christ, stepping majestically into the place of God, so to speak, says, "Now I am going to carry all that out." Could this be other than the Lord of Israel in the flesh?11:37-54 We should all look to our hearts, that they may be cleansed and new-created; and while we attend to the great things of the law and of the gospel, we must not neglect the smallest matter God has appointed. When any wait to catch something out of our mouths, that they may insnare us, O Lord, give us thy prudence and thy patience, and disappoint their evil purposes. Furnish us with such meekness and patience that we may glory in reproaches, for Christ's sake, and that thy Holy Spirit may rest upon us.
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