1 Corinthians 1:30
Parallel Verses
New International Version
It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God--that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption.

New Living Translation
God has united you with Christ Jesus. For our benefit God made him to be wisdom itself. Christ made us right with God; he made us pure and holy, and he freed us from sin.

English Standard Version
And because of him you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, righteousness and sanctification and redemption,

New American Standard Bible
But by His doing you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption,

King James Bible
But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But it is from Him that you are in Christ Jesus, who became God-given wisdom for us--our righteousness, sanctification, and redemption,

International Standard Version
It is because of God that you are in union with the Messiah Jesus, who for us has become wisdom from God, as well as our righteousness, sanctification, and redemption.

NET Bible
He is the reason you have a relationship with Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification and redemption,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But you also are from him in Yeshua The Messiah, he who has become for us the wisdom of God and the righteousness and the holiness and the redemption,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You are partners with Christ Jesus because of God. Jesus has become our wisdom sent from God, our righteousness, our holiness, and our ransom from sin.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But of him ye are reborn in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom and righteousness and sanctification and redemption,

King James 2000 Bible
And of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

American King James Version
But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

American Standard Version
But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who was made unto us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption:

Douay-Rheims Bible
But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and justice, and sanctification, and redemption:

Darby Bible Translation
But of him are *ye* in Christ Jesus, who has been made to us wisdom from God, and righteousness, and holiness, and redemption;

English Revised Version
But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who was made unto us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption:

Webster's Bible Translation
But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who from God is made to us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

Weymouth New Testament
But you--and it is all God's doing--are in Christ Jesus: He has become for us a wisdom which is from God, consisting of righteousness and sanctification and deliverance;

World English Bible
But of him, you are in Christ Jesus, who was made to us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption:

Young's Literal Translation
and of Him ye -- ye are in Christ Jesus, who became to us from God wisdom, righteousness also, and sanctification, and redemption,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:26-31 God did not choose philosophers, nor orators, nor statesmen, nor men of wealth, and power, and interest in the world, to publish the gospel of grace and peace. He best judges what men and what measures serve the purposes of his glory. Though not many noble are usually called by Divine grace, there have been some such in every age, who have not been ashamed of the gospel of Christ; and persons of every rank stand in need of pardoning grace. Often, a humble Christian, though poor as to this world, has more true knowledge of the gospel, than those who have made the letter of Scripture the study of their lives, but who have studied it rather as the witness of men, than as the word of God. And even young children have gained such knowledge of Divine truth as to silence infidels. The reason is, they are taught of God; the design is, that no flesh should glory in his presence. That distinction, in which alone they might glory, was not of themselves. It was by the sovereign choice and regenerating grace of God, that they were in Jesus Christ by faith. He is made of God to us wisdom, righteousness, sanctification, and redemption; all we need, or can desire. And he is made wisdom to us, that by his word and Spirit, and from his fulness and treasures of wisdom and knowledge, we may receive all that will make us wise unto salvation, and fit for every service to which we are called. We are guilty, liable to just punishment; and he is made righteousness, our great atonement and sacrifice. We are depraved and corrupt, and he is made sanctification, that he may in the end be made complete redemption; may free the soul from the being of sin, and loose the body from the bonds of the grave. And this is, that all flesh, according to the prophecy by Jeremiah, Jer 9:23-24, may glory in the special favour, all-sufficient grace, and precious salvation of Jehovah.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 30. - But of him are ye in Christ Jesus. Ye do not belong to the wise and noble. Your strength will consist in acknowledged weakness; for it is solely derived from your fellowship with God by your unity with Christ. Who was made unto us, etc. These words rather mean, "Who was made unto us wisdom from God - both righteousness and sanctification and redemption." The text is a singularly full statement of the whole result of the work of Christ. as the source of "all spiritual blessings in things heavenly" (Ephesians 1:3), in whom we are complete (Colossians 2:10). Righteousness (see 2 Corinthians 5:21). "Jehovah-tsidkenu - the Lord our Righteousness" (Jeremiah 23:5). This is the theme of Romans 3:7. Sanctification (see especially 1 Corinthians 6:11 and Ephesians 5:25, 26). Redemption. One of the four main metaphors by which the atonement is described is this of ransom (λύτρον ἀπολύτρωσις). The meaning and nature of the act, as regards God, lie in regions above our comprehension; so that all speculations as to the person to whom the ransom was paid, and the reason why it was indispensable, have only led to centuries of mistaken theology. But the meaning and nature of it, as regards man, is our deliverance from bondage, and the payment of the debt which we had incurred (Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 1:18; Matthew 20:28; Romans 8:21-23). In all these cases, as Stanley well observes, the words have a double meaning - both of an inward act and of an outward result.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But of him are ye in Christ Jesus,.... These words, as they direct to the proper object of glorying, Christ, so they show the high honour the called ones are brought to in and through Christ, and are opposed to their outward meanness, folly, weakness, poverty, and contempt. They are first of God the Father, of his own rich free grace and goodness, without any regard to any motive, merit, or desert of theirs, put into Christ by electing grace, in whom they are preserved and blessed; and which is their original secret being in him; and is made manifest by regenerating grace, by their being made new creatures; which also is not owing to their blood, or to the will of the flesh, or to the will of man, but to God and his free favour in Christ: and in consequence of their being in Christ, as their head and representative, he becomes all to them, which is here expressed,

who of God is made unto us wisdom. Though they are foolish creatures in their own and the world's esteem, yet Christ is their wisdom; he is so "efficiently", the author and cause of all that spiritual wisdom and understanding in divine things they are possessed of; he is so "objectively", their highest wisdom lying in the knowledge of his person, blood, and righteousness, of interest in him, and salvation by him; with which knowledge eternal life is connected: and he is so "representatively"; he is their head, in whom all their wisdom lies; he acts for them as their wisdom to God, he is their Counsellor, their Advocate, who pleads and intercedes for them, and as their wisdom to men, and gives them a mouth and wisdom which their adversaries are not able to gainsay; and having the tongue of the learned, he speaks a word in season to themselves, when weary, distressed, and disconsolate, and for them in the court of heaven; he is their wisdom, to direct their paths, to guide them with his counsel, in the way they should go, safe to his kingdom and glory:

and righteousness. He is the "author" of righteousness; he has wrought out and brought in one for them, which is well pleasing to God, satisfying to his justice, by which his law is magnified and made honourable; which justifies from all sin, and discharges from all condemnation, is everlasting, and will answer for them in a time to come; this he has brought in by the holiness of his nature, the obedience of his life, and by his sufferings and death: and which is "subjectively" in him, not in themselves; nor does it lie in any thing wrought in them, or done by them; but in him as their head and representative, who by "imputation" is made righteousness to them; and they the same way are made the righteousness of God in him; or in other words, this righteousness, by an act of the Father's grace, is imputed, reckoned, and accounted to them as their justifying righteousness:

and sanctification; Christ is the sanctification of his people, through the constitution of God, the imputation of the holiness of his nature, the merits of his blood, and the efficacy of his grace, he is so "federally" and "representatively"; he is their covenant head, and has all covenant grace in his hands for them, and so the whole stock and fund of holiness, which is communicated to them in all ages, until the perfection of it in every saint: this is sanctification in Christ, which differs from sanctification in them in these things; in him it is as the cause, in them as the effect; in him as its fountain, in them as the stream; in him it is complete, in them it is imperfect for the present: and they have it by virtue of union to him; sanctification in Christ can be of no avail to any, unless it is derived from him to them; so that this sanctification in Christ does not render the sanctification of the Spirit unnecessary, but includes it, and secures it: likewise Christ is the sanctification of his people "by imputation", as the holiness of his human nature is, together with his obedience and sufferings, imputed to them for their justification; Christ assumed an holy human nature, the holiness of it was not merely a qualification for his office as a Saviour, or what made his actions and sufferings in that nature significant and useful, or is exemplary to men; but is a branch of the saints justification before God: the law required an holy nature, theirs is not holy; Christ has assumed one not for, himself, but for them, and so is the end of the law in all respects: and this may be greatly designed in the whole of this passage; "wisdom" may stand in general for the wise scheme of justification, as it is laid in Christ; "sanctification" may intend the holiness of his nature; "righteousness" the obedience of his life; and "redemption" his sufferings and death, by which it is obtained: but then justification and sanctification are not to be confounded; they are two distinct things, and have their proper uses and effects; sanctification in the saints does not justify, or justification sanctify; the one respects the power and being of sin, the other the guilt of it. Moreover, Christ is the sanctification of his people "meritoriously"; through the shedding of his blood, whereby he has sanctified them, that is, expiated their sins, and made full atonement for them; see Hebrews 10:10. Once more, he is their sanctification "efficiently"; by his Spirit, as the author, and by his word, as the means; he is the source of all holiness, it all comes from him, and is wrought by his Spirit in the heart; which lies in filling the understanding with spiritual light and knowledge; the mind with a sense of sin, and a detestation of it; the heart with the fear of God; the affections with love to divine objects and things; the will with submission and resignation to the will of God in all respects; and is exercised in living a life of faith on Christ, and in living soberly, righteously, and godly, before God and man: and this, though imperfect now, will be perfected from and by Christ, without which it is impossible to see the Lord:

and redemption; which he is by the appointment of his Father, being foreordained to it before the foundation of the world; and this sense of the word made will agree with every clause in the text; and he is so efficiently, having obtained eternal redemption from sin, Satan, the law, and this present evil world, for his people; and "subjectively", it being in him, and every other blessing which is either a part of it, and comes through it, or is dependent on it, as justification, adoption, and remission of sins. Moreover, this may have respect not only to redemption past, which is obtained by Christ; but to that which draws near, the saints are waiting for, and to which they are sealed up by the Spirit of God; even their redemption and deliverance from very being of sin, from all sorrow and sufferings, from death and the grave, and everything that is afflicting and distressing.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

30. But … ye—in contrast to them that "glory" in worldly wisdom and greatness.

of him are—not of yourselves (Eph 2:8), but of Him (Ro 11:36). From Him ye are (that is, have spiritual life, who once were spiritually among the "things which are not." 1Co 1:28).

in Christ—by living union with Him. Not "in the flesh" (1Co 1:26, 29).

of God—from God; emanating from Him and sent by Him.

is made unto us—has been made to us, to our eternal gain.

wisdom—unattainable by the worldly mode of seeking it (1Co 1:19, 20; contrast Col 2:3; Pr 8:1-36; Isa 9:6). By it we become "wise unto salvation," owing to His wisdom in originating and executing the plan, whereas once we were "fools."

righteousness—the ground of our justification (Jer 23:5, 6; Ro 4:25; 2Co 5:21); whereas once we were "weak" (Ro 5:6). Isa 42:21; 45:24.

sanctification—by His Spirit; whereas formerly we were "base." Hereafter our righteousness and sanctification alike shall be both perfect and inherent. Now the righteousness wherewith we are justified is perfect, but not inherent; that wherewith we are sanctified is inherent, but not perfect [Hooker]. Now sanctification is perfect in principle, but not in attainment. These two are joined in the Greek as forming essentially but one thing, as distinguished from the "wisdom" in devising and executing the plan for us ("abounded toward us in all wisdom," Eph 1:8), and "redemption," the final completion of the scheme in the deliverance of the body (the position of "redemption" last shows that this limited sense is the one intended here). Lu 21:28; Ro 8:23; Eph 1:14; 4:30.

redemption—whereas once we were "despised."

1 Corinthians 1:30 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Foolish to Shame the Wise
29so that no man may boast before God. 30But by His doing you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption, 31so that, just as it is written, "LET HIM WHO BOASTS, BOAST IN THE LORD."
Cross References
Isaiah 11:2
The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him-- the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of might, the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the LORD--

Jeremiah 23:5
"The days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land.

Jeremiah 23:6
In his days Judah will be saved and Israel will live in safety. This is the name by which he will be called: The LORD Our Righteous Savior.

Jeremiah 33:16
In those days Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will live in safety. This is the name by which it will be called: The LORD Our Righteous Savior.'

Luke 11:49
Because of this, God in his wisdom said, 'I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and others they will persecute.'

Romans 3:24
and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.

Romans 8:1
Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus,

1 Corinthians 1:2
To the church of God in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus and called to be his holy people, together with all those everywhere who call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ--their Lord and ours:

1 Corinthians 1:24
but to those whom God has called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.

1 Corinthians 4:15
Even if you had ten thousand guardians in Christ, you do not have many fathers, for in Christ Jesus I became your father through the gospel.

1 Corinthians 6:11
And that is what some of you were. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

2 Corinthians 5:21
God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

Ephesians 1:7
In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God's grace

Ephesians 1:14
who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God's possession--to the praise of his glory.

Philippians 3:9
and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ--the righteousness that comes from God on the basis of faith.

Colossians 1:14
in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.

1 Thessalonians 5:23
May God himself, the God of peace, sanctify you through and through. May your whole spirit, soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Treasury of Scripture

But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

in.

1 Corinthians 12:18,27 But now has God set the members every one of them in the body, as …

Isaiah 45:17 But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: …

John 15:1-6 I am the true vine, and my Father is the farmer…

John 17:21-23 That they all may be one; as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, …

Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ …

Romans 12:5 So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.

Romans 16:7,11 Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellow-prisoners, …

2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things …

2 Corinthians 12:2 I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, (whether in the …

Ephesians 1:3,4,10 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed …

Ephesians 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to good works, …

of God.

Romans 11:36 For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom …

2 Corinthians 5:18-21 And all things are of God, who has reconciled us to himself by Jesus …

wisdom.

1 Corinthians 1:24 But to them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power …

1 Corinthians 12:8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another …

Proverbs 1:20 Wisdom cries without; she utters her voice in the streets:

Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.

Proverbs 8:5 O you simple, understand wisdom: and, you fools, be you of an understanding …

Daniel 2:20 Daniel answered and said, Blessed be the name of God for ever and …

Luke 21:15 For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries …

John 1:18 No man has seen God at any time, the only begotten Son, which is …

John 8:12 Then spoke Jesus again to them, saying, I am the light of the world: …

John 14:6 Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man …

John 17:8,26 For I have given to them the words which you gave me; and they have …

2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined …

Ephesians 1:17,18 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory…

Ephesians 3:9,10 And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which …

Colossians 2:2,3 That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, …

Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching …

2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child you have known the holy scriptures…

James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all …

righteousness.

Psalm 71:15,16 My mouth shall show forth your righteousness and your salvation all …

Isaiah 45:24,25 Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: …

Isaiah 54:17 No weapon that is formed against you shall prosper; and every tongue …

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

Jeremiah 33:16 In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: …

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, …

Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: …

Romans 3:21-24 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being …

Romans 4:6,25 Even as David also describes the blessedness of the man, to whom …

Romans 5:19,21 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the …

2 Corinthians 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might …

Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having my own righteousness, which is of …

2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ…

sanctification.

1 Corinthians 1:2 To the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified …

1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, …

Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and you shall call his name JESUS: …

John 17:17-19 Sanctify them through your truth: your word is truth…

Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and …

Romans 8:9 But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the …

Galatians 5:22-24 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, …

Ephesians 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to good works, …

Ephesians 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,

1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification …

1 John 5:6 This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by …

redemption.

1 Corinthians 15:54-57 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this …

Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them …

Romans 3:24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is …

Romans 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the first fruits …

Galatians 1:4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this …

Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse …

Ephesians 1:7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of …

Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to …

Colossians 1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, …

Hebrews 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he …

1 Peter 1:18,19 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible …

Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, You are worthy to take the book, …

Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. …

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