Proverbs 1:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
for understanding proverbs and parables, the sayings and riddles of the wise.

New Living Translation
by exploring the meaning in these proverbs and parables, the words of the wise and their riddles.

English Standard Version
to understand a proverb and a saying, the words of the wise and their riddles.

New American Standard Bible
To understand a proverb and a figure, The words of the wise and their riddles.

King James Bible
To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
for understanding a proverb or a parable, the words of the wise, and their riddles.

International Standard Version
in understanding proverbs, clever sayings, words of the wise, and their riddles.

NET Bible
To discern the meaning of a proverb and a parable, the sayings of the wise and their riddles.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
To perceive proverbs and parables and the words of the wise and their riddles.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
to understand a proverb and a clever saying, the words of wise people and their riddles.

Jubilee Bible 2000
To understand a parable and the interpretation; the words of the wise and their enigmas.

King James 2000 Bible
To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their riddles.

American King James Version
To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings.

American Standard Version
To understand a proverb, and a figure, The words of the wise, and their dark sayings.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He shall understand a parable, and the interpretation, the words of the wise, and their mysterious sayings.

Darby Bible Translation
to understand a proverb and an allegory, the words of the wise and their enigmas.

English Revised Version
To understand a proverb, and a figure; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings.

Webster's Bible Translation
To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings.

World English Bible
to understand a proverb, and parables, the words and riddles of the wise.

Young's Literal Translation
For understanding a proverb and its sweetness, Words of the wise and their acute sayings.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:1-6 The lessons here given are plain, and likely to benefit those who feel their own ignorance, and their need to be taught. If young people take heed to their ways, according to Solomon's Proverbs, they will gain knowledge and discretion. Solomon speaks of the most important points of truth, and a greater than Solomon is here. Christ speaks by his word and by his Spirit. Christ is the Word and the Wisdom of God, and he is made to us wisdom.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 6. - To understand a proverb. This verse carries on the idea which is stated in ver. 5. The end of the wise and intelligent man's increase in learning and prudence is that he may be thus enabled to understand other proverbs. Schultens, followed by Holden, takes the verb לְהָבִין (l'havin) as a gerund, intelligendo sententias. This rendering does not represent the end, but points to the proverbs, etc., as means by which the wise generally attain to learning and prudence. And the interpretation; Hebrew, מְלִיצָה (m'litsah). It is difficult to determine the exact meaning of this word. By Gesenius it is rendered "enigma, riddle;" by Bertheau and Hitzig, "discourse requiring interpretation:" by Delitzsch, "symbol; by Havernick and Keil, "brilliant and pleasing discourse;" and by Fuerst, "figurative and involved discourse." By comparing it with the corresponding words, "dark sayings," it may be regarded as designating that which is obscure and involved in meaning; compare σκοτεινὸς λόγος (LXX.). It only occurs here and in Habakkuk 2:6, where it is rendered "taunting proverb." The marginal reading is "an eloquent speech," equivalent to facundia, "eloquence." Vatablus says that the Hebrews understood it as "mensuram et pondus verbi." The words of the wise; i.e. the utterances of the khakhamim (חֲכָמִים). This expression occurs again in Proverbs 22:17, and also in Ecclesiastes 9:19 and Ecclesiastes 12:11. In the latter they are described as "goads and as nails fastened by the ministers of assemblies" (i.e. "authors of compilations," as Mendelssohn), because they cannot fail to make an impression on everybody good or bad. The expression, as used in Proverbs 22:17, implies that other than Solomonic proverbs are included in this collection. And their dark sayings; Hebrew, וְחִידֹתָם (v'khidotham). The Hebrew khidah (חִידָה), as m'litsah (מְלִיצָה)# its parallel in the preceding hemistich, designates obscure, involved utterances. It plainly has the sense of "enigma" (Fleischer, apud Delitzsch). Compare αἰνίγματα (LXX.), and aenigmata (Vulgate), which latter is followed by the Chaldea Paraphrase and Syriac (see also Psalm 78:2, "I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter dark sayings of old"). Gesenius derives it from the root חוּד (khud), "to tie knots," and hence arrives at its meaning as an involved or twisted sententious expression, an enigma.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

To understand a proverb, and the interpretation,.... This may be connected either with the first verse, "the proverbs of Solomon", &c. are written, as for the above ends and purposes, so for these; or with Proverbs 1:5, a wise and understanding man, by hearkening and attending to what is here delivered, will not only attain to wise counsels, but to the understanding of proverbial sayings, and to see into the "elegancy" (m), the eloquence and beauty of them, as the word signifies; and be able to interpret them to others in a clear, plain, way and manner;

the words of the wise, and their dark sayings; the words and doctrines, not of the wise philosophers and sages of the Heathen world, but of men truly wise and good; and especially of the wise inspired writers of the Scriptures, whose words come from one Shepherd, Ecclesiastes 12:11; and the enigmas or riddles contained in their writings, which are so to a natural man, obscure phrases and expressions, things hard and difficult to be understood, yet to a spiritual man, that judgeth all things, plain and easy, 1 Corinthians 2:14.

(m) "facundiam", Montanus; "eloquentiam", Tigurine version; "elocutionem", Mercerus, Gejerus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

6. To understand—so as to … such will be the result.

interpretation—(Compare Margin).

words of the wise—(Compare Pr 1:2).

dark sayings—(Compare Ps 49:4; Joh 16:25; and see [639]Introduction, Part I).

Proverbs 1:6 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Beginning of Knowledge
5A wise man will hear and increase in learning, And a man of understanding will acquire wise counsel, 6To understand a proverb and a figure, The words of the wise and their riddles. 7The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge; Fools despise wisdom and instruction.
Cross References
Numbers 12:8
With him I speak face to face, clearly and not in riddles; he sees the form of the LORD. Why then were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?"

Psalm 49:4
I will turn my ear to a proverb; with the harp I will expound my riddle:

Psalm 78:2
I will open my mouth with a parable; I will utter hidden things, things from of old--

Proverbs 24:23
These also are sayings of the wise: To show partiality in judging is not good:

Ecclesiastes 12:11
The words of the wise are like goads, their collected sayings like firmly embedded nails--given by one shepherd.

Daniel 8:23
"In the latter part of their reign, when rebels have become completely wicked, a fierce-looking king, a master of intrigue, will arise.
Treasury of Scripture

To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings.

a proverb

Matthew 13:10-17,51,52 And the disciples came, and said to him, Why speak you to them in parables…

Mark 4:11,34 And he said to them, To you it is given to know the mystery of the …

Acts 8:30,31 And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet Esaias, …

the interpretation

Ecclesiastes 12:11 The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails fastened by the …

dark

Psalm 49:4 I will incline my ear to a parable: I will open my dark saying on the harp.

Psalm 78:2 I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old:

Matthew 13:34,35 All these things spoke Jesus to the multitude in parables; and without …

Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongs to them that are of full age…

2 Peter 3:16 As also in all his letters, speaking in them of these things; in …

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