Proverbs 10:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The proverbs of Solomon: A wise son brings joy to his father, but a foolish son brings grief to his mother.

New Living Translation
The proverbs of Solomon: A wise child brings joy to a father; a foolish child brings grief to a mother.

English Standard Version
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son makes a glad father, but a foolish son is a sorrow to his mother.

New American Standard Bible
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son makes a father glad, But a foolish son is a grief to his mother.

King James Bible
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Solomon's proverbs: A wise son brings joy to his father, but a foolish son, heartache to his mother.

International Standard Version
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son brings joy to his father, but a foolish son grieves his mother.

NET Bible
The Proverbs of Solomon: A wise child makes a father rejoice, but a foolish child is a grief to his mother.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A wise son gladdens his father, and a son deficient in mind shames his mother.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The proverbs of Solomon:+b A wise son makes his father happy, but a foolish son brings grief to his mother.

Jubilee Bible 2000
A wise son makes a glad father; but a foolish son is sadness unto his mother.

King James 2000 Bible
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son makes a glad father: but a foolish son is the grief of his mother.

American King James Version
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son makes a glad father: but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.

American Standard Version
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father; But a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A wise son maketh the father glad: but a foolish son is the sorrow of his mother.

Darby Bible Translation
The Proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father; but a foolish son is the grief of his mother.

English Revised Version
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.

Webster's Bible Translation
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.

World English Bible
The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son makes a glad father; but a foolish son brings grief to his mother.

Young's Literal Translation
Proverbs of Solomon. A wise son causeth a father to rejoice, And a foolish son is an affliction to his mother.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:1 The comfort of parents much depends on their children; and this suggests to both, motives to their duties. 2,3. Though the righteous may be poor, the Lord will not suffer him to want what is needful for spiritual life. 4. Those who are fervent in spirit, serving the Lord, are likely to be rich in faith, and rich in good works. 5. Here is just blame of those who trifle away opportunities, both for here and for hereafter. 6. Abundance of blessings shall abide on good men; real blessings.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1-ch. 22:16. - Part III. FIRST GREAT COLLECTION (375) OF SOLOMONIC PROVERBS. Verse 1-ch. 12:28. - First section. The sections are noted by their commencing usually with the words, "a wise son." Verse 1. - The proverbs of Solomon. This is the title of the new part of the book; it is omitted in the Septuagint. There is some kind of loose connection in the grouping of these proverbs, but it is difficult to follow. "Ordo frustra quaeritur ubi nullus fuit observatus," says Mart. Geier. Wordsworth considers the present chapter to contain exemplifications of the principles and results of the two ways of life displayed in the preceding nine chapters. The antithetical character of the sentences is most marked and well sustained. As the book is specially designed for the edification of youth, it begins with an appropriate saying. A wise son maketh a glad father. As wisdom comprises all moral excellence, and folly is vice and perversity, the opposite characters attributed to the son are obvious. The mother is introduced for the sake of parallelism; though some commentators suggest that as the father would be naturally elated by his son's virtues, which would conduce to honour and high estate, so the mother would be grieved at vices which her training had not subdued, and her indulgence had fostered. If this seems somewhat far-fetched, we may consider that the father in the maxim includes the mother, and the mother the father, the two being separated for the purpose of contrast (see on Proverbs 26:3). The word for heaviness occurs in Proverbs 14:13 and Proverbs 17:21.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The proverbs of Solomon,.... This title is repeated from Proverbs 1:1; and very properly stands here; since here begin those pithy sentences of Solomon, which bear the name of proverbs; the preceding chapters being a sort of preface or introduction to them; in which Solomon recommends the study of wisdom, shows the profit and advantage of it, gives directions about it, and prepares for the reception of those wise sayings that follow; which are for the most part independent of each other, and consist generally of clauses set in a contrast to one another, and often expressed by similes and metaphors;

a wise son maketh a glad father; as Solomon made glad his father David: for no doubt there were appearances of his wisdom before he came to the throne, though greater afterwards; which made David rejoice that he was placed on the throne before his death, to whom he had committed the charge of building the house of the Lord;

but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother; brings grief and trouble to her, as perhaps Rehoboam did to his mother: though all this is to be understood conjunctly of both parents, and not separately of each; not as if a wise son only was matter of joy to his father, who may be thought to be a better judge of his wisdom, and more abroad to hear the fame of it, and to observe the effects of it; or as if a foolish son only caused grief to his mother, because more at home, and more privy to his foolish behaviour; but as being equally joyous or afflicting to both parents. Nor is this to be understood of such who are wise and foolish as to their natural capacities only; but who are so in a moral sense, either virtuous or vicious, good or wicked. Wherefore parents should be concerned for the education of their children, whose behaviour much depends upon it; and children for their conduct towards their parents and in the world, since their joy and grief are influenced by it. Some interpret the words mystically, the "father", of God; the "mother", of the church; and, the "sons", of the children of them both: and so may fitly describe the different followers of Christ and antichrist; the one being wise, the other foolish; the one acceptable to God, the other not.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 10

Pr 10:1-32. Here begins the second part of the book, Pr 10:1-22:16, which, with the third, Pr 22:16-25:28, contains series of proverbs whose sense is complete in one or two verses, and which, having no logical connection, admit of no analysis. The parallelisms of Pr 10:1-15:33 are mostly antithetic; and those of Pr 16:1-22:16, synthetic. The evidences of art in the structure are very clear, and indicate, probably, a purpose of facilitating the labor of memorizing.

1. wise [and] foolish—as they follow or reject the precepts of wisdom.

maketh … father—or, "gladdens a father."

heaviness—or, "grief."

Proverbs 10:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Solomon's Proverbs: The Wise Son
1The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son makes a father glad, But a foolish son is a grief to his mother. 2Ill-gotten gains do not profit, But righteousness delivers from death.…
Cross References
1 Kings 4:32
He spoke three thousand proverbs and his songs numbered a thousand and five.

Proverbs 1:1
The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:

Proverbs 13:1
A wise son heeds his father's instruction, but a mocker does not respond to rebukes.

Proverbs 15:20
A wise son brings joy to his father, but a foolish man despises his mother.

Proverbs 17:21
To have a fool for a child brings grief; there is no joy for the parent of a godless fool.

Proverbs 17:25
A foolish son brings grief to his father and bitterness to the mother who bore him.

Proverbs 23:24
The father of a righteous child has great joy; a man who fathers a wise son rejoices in him.

Proverbs 27:11
Be wise, my son, and bring joy to my heart; then I can answer anyone who treats me with contempt.

Proverbs 29:3
A man who loves wisdom brings joy to his father, but a companion of prostitutes squanders his wealth.

Proverbs 29:15
A rod and a reprimand impart wisdom, but a child left undisciplined disgraces its mother.

Proverbs 29:17
Discipline your children, and they will give you peace; they will bring you the delights you desire.
Treasury of Scripture

The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son makes a glad father: but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.

a wise

Proverbs 15:20 A wise son makes a glad father: but a foolish man despises his mother.

Proverbs 17:21,25 He that begets a fool does it to his sorrow: and the father of a …

Proverbs 19:13 A foolish son is the calamity of his father: and the contentions …

Proverbs 23:15,16,24,25 My son, if your heart be wise, my heart shall rejoice, even mine…

Proverbs 29:3,15 Whoever loves wisdom rejoices his father: but he that keeps company …

Ecclesiastes 2:19 And who knows whether he shall be a wise man or a fool? yet shall …

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