Proverbs of Solomon. A wise son causeth a father to rejoice, And a foolish son is an affliction to his mother.
Proverbs 10:1 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
The proverbs of Solomon - Some ancient MSS. of the Vulgate have Proverbiorum liber secundus, "The second book of the Proverbs." The preceding nine chapters can only be considered as an introduction, if indeed they may be said to make even a part, of the proverbs of Solomon, which appear to commence only at the tenth chapter.
A wise son maketh a glad father - The parallels in this and several of the succeeding chapters are those which Bishop Lowth calls the antithetic; when two lines correspond with each other by an opposition of terms and sentiments; when the second is contrasted with the first; sometimes in expression, sometimes in sense only. Accordingly the degrees of antithesis are various; from an exact contraposition of word to word, through a whole sentence, down to a general disparity, with something of a contrariety in the two propositions, as: -
A wise son rejoiceth in his father.
But a foolish son is the grief of his mother.
Where every word has its opposite; for the terms father and mother are, as the logicians say, relatively opposite.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 15:20 A wise son makes a glad father: but a foolish man despises his mother.
Proverbs 17:21,25 He that begets a fool does it to his sorrow: and the father of a fool has no joy...
Proverbs 19:13 A foolish son is the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping.
Proverbs 23:15,16,24,25 My son, if your heart be wise, my heart shall rejoice, even mine...
Proverbs 29:3,15 Whoever loves wisdom rejoices his father: but he that keeps company with harlots spends his substance...
Ecclesiastes 2:19 And who knows whether he shall be a wise man or a fool? yet shall he have rule over all my labor wherein I have labored...
Proverbs 10:1 Parallel CommentariesAffliction Causeth Foolish Glad Grief Heaviness Joy Makes Maketh Mother Proverbs Rejoice Solomon Sorrow WiseAffliction Causeth Foolish Glad Grief Heaviness Joy Makes Maketh Mother Proverbs Rejoice Solomon Sorrow WiseTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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