Psalm 114:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When Israel came out of Egypt, Jacob from a people of foreign tongue,

New Living Translation
When the Israelites escaped from Egypt--when the family of Jacob left that foreign land--

English Standard Version
When Israel went out from Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language,

New American Standard Bible
When Israel went forth from Egypt, The house of Jacob from a people of strange language,

King James Bible
When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Israel came out of Egypt-- the house of Jacob from a people who spoke a foreign language--

International Standard Version
When Israel came out of Egypt— the household of Jacob from a people of foreign speech—

NET Bible
When Israel left Egypt, when the family of Jacob left a foreign nation behind,

New Heart English Bible
When Israel went forth out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of foreign language;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
When Israel went forth from Egypt and of the house of Jacob from a people of a foreign language,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Israel left Egypt, when Jacob's family left people who spoke a foreign language,

JPS Tanakh 1917
When Israel came forth out of Egypt, The house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

New American Standard 1977
When Israel went forth from Egypt,
            The house of Jacob from a people of strange language,

Jubilee Bible 2000
When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language,

King James 2000 Bible
When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

American King James Version
When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

American Standard Version
When Israel went forth out of Egypt, The house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

Douay-Rheims Bible
When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a barbarous people:

Darby Bible Translation
When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language,

English Revised Version
When Israel went forth out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

Webster's Bible Translation
When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of a foreign language;

World English Bible
When Israel went forth out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of foreign language;

Young's Literal Translation
In the going out of Israel from Egypt, The house of Jacob from a strange people,
Study Bible
Tremble at the Presence of the Lord
1When Israel went forth from Egypt, The house of Jacob from a people of strange language, 2Judah became His sanctuary, Israel, His dominion.…
Cross References
Exodus 12:51
And on that same day the LORD brought the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.

Exodus 13:3
Moses said to the people, "Remember this day in which you went out from Egypt, from the house of slavery; for by a powerful hand the LORD brought you out from this place. And nothing leavened shall be eaten.

Psalm 81:5
He established it for a testimony in Joseph When he went throughout the land of Egypt. I heard a language that I did not know:
Treasury of Scripture

When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

This short, and apparently imperfect Psalm, for elegance and sublimity, yields to few in the whole book. The composition of it is inexpressibly beautiful, and in the highest style of poetry.

Israel

Exodus 12:41,42 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, …

Exodus 13:3 And Moses said to the people, Remember this day, in which you came …

Exodus 20:2 I am the LORD your God, which have brought you out of the land of …

Deuteronomy 16:1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD your God…

Deuteronomy 26:8 And the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and …

Isaiah 11:16 And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which …

a people

Psalm 81:5 This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through …

Genesis 42:34 And bring your youngest brother to me: then shall I know that you …

(1) When Israel went out.--LXX., in "the Exodus of Israel."

A people of strange language.--LXX., rightly, "a barbarous people." Since the Hebrew word, like the Greek, implies a certain scorn or ridicule, which ancient races generally had for those speaking another language. To this day the Russians call the Germans "dumb."

Verse 1. - When Israel went out of Egypt; literally, at the going forth of Israel from Egypt; ἐν ἐξόδῳ Ἰσράηλ, LXX. The "going forth from Egypt" was the only thing parallel in Israelitish history to the going forth from Babylon. The nation should learn what to expect in the future by what occurred in the past. The house of Jacob (compare the more common "house of Israel," Psalm 98:3; Psalm 115:12; Psalm 135:19) from a people of strange language; literally, from a stammering people; but a people of foreign speech is no doubt meant (compare the Septuagint, ἐκ λαοῦ βαρβάρου). When Israel went out of Egypt,.... The people of Israel in a body, publicly, openly, and not by stealth; freely and willingly, not forced and drove out; though urged by the Egyptians to go, through the hand of God upon them; and so went out with the mighty hand and outstretched arm of the Lord, and with great riches, and in health, not one feeble or sick among them.

The house of Jacob from a people of strange language; or barbarous; as every language was reckoned by the Jews but their own; the Egyptian language they did not understand; see Psalm 81:5, no doubt many of them learned it during their long stay there, but in general they retained their own language. This was an emblem of the Lord's people in effectual calling, coming out of bondage into liberty, out of darkness into light, out of superstition, and idolatry and profaneness, to the service of the true God in righteousness and true holiness; and from a people of a strange language to those that speak the language of Canaan, a pure language, in which they can understated one another when they converse together, either about experience or doctrine; and the manner of their coming out is much the same, by strength of hand, by the power of divine grace, yet willingly and cheerfully, with great riches, the riches of grace, and a title to the riches of glory, and with much spiritual strength; for, though weak in themselves, yet are strong in Christ. 1 When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;

2 Judah was his sanctuary, and Israel his dominion.

3 The sea saw it, and fled: Jordan was driven back.

4 The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs.

5 What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou fleddest? thou Jordan, that thou wast driven back?

6 Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams; and ye little hills, like lambs?

7 Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob;

8 Which turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.

Psalm 114:1

"When Israel went out of Egypt." The song begins with a burst, as if the poetic fury could not be restrained, but overleaped all bounds. The soul elevated and filled with: a sense of divine glory cannot wait to fashion a preface, but springs at once into the middle of its theme. Israel emphatically came out of Egypt, out of the population among whom they had been scattered, from under the yoke of bondage, and from under the personal grasp of the king who had made the people into national slaves. Israel came out with a high hand and a stretched-out arm, defying all the power of the empire, and making the whole of Egypt to travail with sore anguish, as the chosen nation was as it were born out of its midst. "The house of Jacob from a people of strange language." They had gone down into Egypt as a single family - "the house of Jacob"; and, though they had multiplied greatly, they were still so united, and were so fully regarded by God as a single unit, that they are rightly spoken of as the house of Jacob. They were as one man in their willingness to leave Goshen; numerous as they were, not a single individual stayed behind. Unanimity is a pleasing token of the divine presence, and one of its sweetest fruits. One of their inconveniences in Egypt was the difference of languages, which was very great. The Israelites appear to have regarded the Egyptians as stammerers and babblers, since they could not understand them, and they very naturally considered the Egyptians to be barbarians, as they would no doubt often beat them because they did not comprehend their orders. The language of foreign taskmasters is never musical in an exile's ear. How sweet it is to a Christian who has been compelled to hear the filthy conversation of the wicked, when at last he is brought out from their midst to dwell among his own people!

Psalm 114:2

"Judah was his sanctuary, and Israel his dominion." The pronoun "his" comes in where we should have looked for the name of God; but the poet is so full of thought concerning the Lord that he forgets to mention his name, like the spouse in the Song, who begins, "Let him kiss me," or Magdalene when she cried, "Tell me where thou hast laid him." From the mention of Judah and Israel certain critics have inferred that this Psalm must have been written after the division of the two kingdoms; but this is only another instance of the extremely slender basis upon which an hypothesis is often built up. Before the formation of the two kingdoms-David had said, "Go, number Israel and Judah," and this was common parlance, for Uriah the Hittite said, "The ark and Israel, and Judah abide in tents"; so that nothing can be inferred from the use of the two names. No division into two kingdoms can have been intended here, for the poet is speaking of the coming out of Egypt when the people were so united that he has just before called them "the house of Judah." It would be quite as fair to prove from Psalm 114:1 that the Psalm was written, when the people were in union as to prove from the second that its authorship dates from their separation. Judah was the tribe which led the way in the wilderness march, and it was forseen in prophecy to be the royal tribe, hence its poetical mention in this place. The meaning of the passage is that the whole people at the coming out of Egypt were separated unto the Lord to be a peculiar people, a nation of priests whose motto should be, "Holiness unto the Lord." Judah was the Lord's "holy thing," set apart for his special use. The nation was peculiarly Jehovah's dominion, for it was governed by a theocracy in which God alone was King. It was his domain in a sense in which the rest of the world was outside his kingdom. These were the young days of Israel, the time of her espousals, when she went after the Lord into the wilderness, her God leading the way with signs and miracles. The whole people were the shrine of Deity, and their camp was one great temple. What a change there must have been for the godly amongst them from the idolatries and blasphemies of the Egyptians to the holy worship and righteous rule of the great King in Jeshurun. They lived in a world of wonders, where God was seen in the wondrous bread they ate and in the water they drank, as well as in the solemn worship of his holy place. When the Lord is manifestly present in a church, and his gracious rule obediently owned, what a golden age has come, and what honourable privileges his people enjoy! May it be so among us.

Psalm 114:3

"The sea saw it, and fled"; or rather, "The sea saw and fled" - it saw God and all his people following his lead, and it was struck with awe and fled away. A bold figure I The Bed Sea mirrored the hosts which had come down to its shore, and reflected the cloud which towered high over all, as the symbol of the presence of the Lord- never had such a scene been imagined upon the surface of the Bed Sea, or any other sea, before. It could not endure the unusual and astounding sight, and fleeing to the right and to the left, opened a passage for the elect people. A like miracle happened at the end of the great march of Israel, for "Jordan was driven back." This was a swiftly-flowing river, pouring itself down a steep decline, and it was not merely divided, but its current was driven back so that the rapid torrent, contrary to nature, flowed up-hill. This was God's work' the poet does not sing of the suspension of natural laws, or of a singular phenomenon not readily to be explained; but to him the presence of God with his people is everything, and in his lofty song he tells how the river was driven back because the Lord was there. In this case poetry is nothing but the literal fact, and the fiction lies on the side of the atheistic critics who will suggest any explanation of the miracle rather than admit that the Lord made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all his people. The division of the sea and the drying up of the river are placed together though forty years intervened, because they were the opening and closing scenes of one great event. We may thus unite by faith our new birth and our departure out of the world into the promised inheritance, for the God who led us out of the Egypt of our bondage under sin will also conduct us through the Jordan of death out of our wilderness wanderings in the desert of this tried and changeful life. It is all one and the same deliverance, and the beginning ensures the end.

continued...PSALM 114

Ps 114:1-8. The writer briefly and beautifully celebrates God's former care of His people, to whose benefit nature was miraculously made to contribute.

1-4. of strange language—(compare Ps 81:5).114:1-8 An exhortation to fear God. - Let us acknowledge God's power and goodness in what he did for Israel, applying it to that much greater work of wonder, our redemption by Christ; and encourage ourselves and others to trust in God in the greatest straits. When Christ comes for the salvation of his people , he redeems them from the power of sin and Satan, separates them from an ungodly world, forms them to be his people, and becomes their King. There is no sea, no Jordan, so deep, so broad, but, when God's time is come, it shall be divided and driven back. Apply this to the planting the Christian church in the world. What ailed Satan and his idolatries, that they trembled as they did? But especially apply it to the work of grace in the heart. What turns the stream in a regenerate soul? What affects the lusts and corruptions, that they fly back; that prejudices are removed, and the whole man becomes new? It is at the presence of God's Spirit. At the presence of the Lord, not only mountains, but the earth itself may well tremble, since it has lain under a curse for man's sin. As the Israelites were protected, so they were provided for by miracles; such was that fountain of waters into which the flinty rock was turned, and that rock was Christ. The Son of God, the Rock of ages, gave himself to death, to open a fountain to wash away sins, and to supply believers with waters of life and consolation; and they need not fear that any blessing is too great to expect from his love. But let sinners fear before their just and holy Judge. Let us now prepare to meet our God, that we may have boldness before him at his coming.
Jump to Previous
Children Egypt Foreign Forth House Israel Jacob Language Strange Tongue
Jump to Next
Children Egypt Foreign Forth House Israel Jacob Language Strange Tongue
Links
Psalm 114:1 NIV
Psalm 114:1 NLT
Psalm 114:1 ESV
Psalm 114:1 NASB
Psalm 114:1 KJV

Psalm 114:1 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 114:1 Chinese Bible
Psalm 114:1 French Bible
Psalm 114:1 German Bible

Alphabetical: a came Egypt foreign forth from house Israel Jacob language of out people strange the tongue went When

OT Poetry: Psalm 114:1 When Israel went forth out of Egypt (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Psalm 113:9
Top of Page
Top of Page