Psalm 104:26
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
There the ships go to and fro, and Leviathan, which you formed to frolic there.

New Living Translation
See the ships sailing along, and Leviathan, which you made to play in the sea.

English Standard Version
There go the ships, and Leviathan, which you formed to play in it.

New American Standard Bible
There the ships move along, And Leviathan, which You have formed to sport in it.

King James Bible
There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
There the ships move about, and Leviathan, which You formed to play there.

International Standard Version
There, the ships pass through; Leviathan, which you created, frolics in it.

NET Bible
The ships travel there, and over here swims the whale you made to play in it.

New Heart English Bible
There the ships go, and leviathan, whom you formed to play there.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
In it the ships travel; this is Leviathan which you have created to be merry in it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Ships sail on it, and Leviathan, which you made, plays in it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
There go the ships; There is leviathan, whom Thou hast formed to sport therein.

New American Standard 1977
There the ships move along,
            And Leviathan, which Thou hast formed to sport in it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
There go the ships; there is that leviathan, whom thou didst make to play therein.

King James 2000 Bible
There go the ships: there is that leviathan, which you have made to play therein.

American King James Version
There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom you have made to play therein.

American Standard Version
There go the ships; There is leviathan, whom thou hast formed to play therein.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There the ships shall go. This sea dragon which thou hast formed to play therein.

Darby Bible Translation
There go the ships; [there] that leviathan, which thou hast formed to play therein.

English Revised Version
There go the ships; there is leviathan, whom thou hast formed to take his pastime therein.

Webster's Bible Translation
There go the ships: there is that leviathan, which thou hast made to play therein.

World English Bible
There the ships go, and leviathan, whom you formed to play there.

Young's Literal Translation
There do ships go: leviathan, That Thou hast formed to play in it.
Study Bible
O Lord, My God, You are Very Great
25There is the sea, great and broad, In which are swarms without number, Animals both small and great. 26There the ships move along, And Leviathan, which You have formed to sport in it. 27They all wait for You To give them their food in due season.…
Cross References
Job 40:20
"Surely the mountains bring him food, And all the beasts of the field play there.

Job 41:1
"Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook? Or press down his tongue with a cord?

Psalm 74:14
You crushed the heads of Leviathan; You gave him as food for the creatures of the wilderness.

Psalm 107:23
Those who go down to the sea in ships, Who do business on great waters;

Isaiah 27:1
In that day the LORD will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, With His fierce and great and mighty sword, Even Leviathan the twisted serpent; And He will kill the dragon who lives in the sea.

Ezekiel 27:9
"The elders of Gebal and her wise men were with you repairing your seams; All the ships of the sea and their sailors were with you in order to deal in your merchandise.
Treasury of Scripture

There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom you have made to play therein.

there go

Psalm 107:23 They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters;

Genesis 49:13 Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for …

leviathan

Psalm 74:14 You brake the heads of leviathan in pieces, and gave him to be meat …

Job 3:8 Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning.

Job 41:1 Can you draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord …

Isaiah 27:1 In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall …

made. Heb. formed
to play

Job 41:5,29 Will you play with him as with a bird? or will you bind him for your maidens…

(26) Ships.--The poet writes like one who had been accustomed to see the navies of Phnicia, one of the indications which leads to the hypothesis that he belonged to the northern part of Palestine. And here for once we seem to catch a breath of enthusiasm for the sea--so rare a feeling in a Jew.

Leviathan.--See Psalm 74:14. In Job (Job 41) it is the crocodile, but here evidently an animal of the sea, and probably the whale. Several species of cetacea are still found in the Mediterranean, and that they were known to the Hebrews is clear from Lamentations 4:3. Various passages from classic authors support this view.

Whom Thou . . .--This clause is rendered by some "whom Thou hast made to play with him" (so LXX. and Vulg.), referring to Job 41:5. It is a rabbinical tradition that Leviathan is God's play thing.

Verse 26. - There go the ships. These may seem out of place among the works of God. But are they not his, in a certain sense? Did he not contemplate them when he made the sea, and make it to some extent for them? And did he not give men wisdom to invent and perfect them? There is that leviathan. "Leviathan" is here probably the whale, which may in early times have frequented the Mediterranean. Which thou hast made to play therein; or, to play with him. So the LXX. (ἐμπαίζειν αὐτῷ); and, among moderns, Ewald, Hitzig, Olshausen, Kay, Cheyne, and our Revisers (in the margin). The anthropomorphism is not beyond that of other passages. There go the ships,.... From place to place, from one end of the world to the other, for the sake of merchandise (r); this is one of the four things that were too wonderful for Solomon, "the way of a ship in the midst of the sea", Proverbs 30:19 though navigation was improved in his times indeed not so much as it is now. The original of ships was doubtless Noah's ark, so that they owe their first draught to God himself. They seem to be an emblem of the church and people of God passing through the sea of this world to the haven of eternal rest. The ship is but a small vessel, and takes up but a small room in comparison of the vast ocean on which it is; and so the church of Christ is but small, a little city, and few men in it, a little flock, a small remnant: a ship is unfixed and unsettled, sometimes here and sometimes there; so the church of Christ is sometimes in one place, and sometimes in another; nor is this world the rest of God's people, nor have they any continuing city here; for, as a ship is tossed with tempests, so are they with the waves of afflictions, the temptations of Satan, and the persecutions of men; and sometimes, like Paul, and the mariners with him, have no sight of sun and stars for many days, of the sun of righteousness, or of the stars, the ministers of the word; when sailing is dangerous it bodes perilous times, through the impure lives of professors, and impious doctrines of false teachers, whereby many suffer shipwreck; yet all the Lord's people get safe ashore, having a good pilot, Christ, to conduct them; and the good anchor of hope, sure and steadfast.

There is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein; the Targum adds,

"for the righteous at the feast of the house of his habitation.''

Of this creature there is an account in Job 41:1. Some take it to be the crocodile, which is both a sea and river fish; the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Ethiopic, and Arabic versions, and so Apollinarius, call it the dragon; it is more generally thought to be the whale; Aben Ezra says it is the name of every great fish; it is a sportive creature, tumbles about in the great sea, and plays with the waters of it, which it tosses up in great quantities; and with the fishes of the sea, which it devours at pleasure; and laughs at the shaking of the spear; and to which mariners throw out their empty casks to play with, when near them, and they in danger by it; see Job 41:5. This creature is generally reckoned by the ancients a figure of Satan, it being king over all the children of pride, Job 41:34 as he is the prince of the power of the air, and god of this world; who has been playing his tricks in it from the beginning of it, not only deceiving our first parents, but all the nations of the world; nor are saints ignorant of his devices. It sometimes describes a tyrannical prince, as the kings of Babylon and of Egypt, Isaiah 27:1 and is a true picture of antichrist, the beast which rose out of the sea; nor is there any like him on earth; see Revelation 13:1.

(r) So Homer calls ships , Iliad. 3. v. 46. 26. leviathan—(Job 40:20) heightens the estimate of the sea's greatness, and of His power who gives such a place for sport to one of His creatures.104:19-30 We are to praise and magnify God for the constant succession of day and night. And see how those are like to the wild beasts, who wait for the twilight, and have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness. Does God listen to the language of mere nature, even in ravenous creatures, and shall he not much more interpret favourably the language of grace in his own people, though weak and broken groanings which cannot be uttered? There is the work of every day, which is to be done in its day, which man must apply to every morning, and which he must continue in till evening; it will be time enough to rest when the night comes, in which no man can work. The psalmist wonders at the works of God. The works of art, the more closely they are looked upon, the more rough they appear; the works of nature appear more fine and exact. They are all made in wisdom, for they all answer the end they were designed to serve. Every spring is an emblem of the resurrection, when a new world rises, as it were, out of the ruins of the old one. But man alone lives beyond death. When the Lord takes away his breath, his soul enters on another state, and his body will be raised, either to glory or to misery. May the Lord send forth his Spirit, and new-create our souls to holiness.
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