Psalm 2:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The kings of the earth rise up and the rulers band together against the LORD and against his anointed, saying,

New Living Translation
The kings of the earth prepare for battle; the rulers plot together against the LORD and against his anointed one.

English Standard Version
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against his Anointed, saying,

New American Standard Bible
The kings of the earth take their stand And the rulers take counsel together Against the LORD and against His Anointed, saying,

King James Bible
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The kings of the earth take their stand, and the rulers conspire together against the LORD and His Anointed One:"

International Standard Version
As the kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers conspire together against the LORD and his anointed one, they say,

NET Bible
The kings of the earth form a united front; the rulers collaborate against the LORD and his anointed king.

New Heart English Bible
The kings of the earth take a stand, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his Anointed:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The kings and rulers of the Earth stood up and counseled together against Lord Jehovah and against his Messiah:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Kings take their stands. Rulers make plans together against the LORD and against his Messiah by saying,

JPS Tanakh 1917
The kings of the earth stand up, And the rulers take counsel together, Against the LORD, and against His anointed:

New American Standard 1977
The kings of the earth take their stand,
            And the rulers take counsel together
            Against the LORD and against His Anointed:

Jubilee Bible 2000
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against his anointed, saying,

King James 2000 Bible
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

American King James Version
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

American Standard Version
The kings of the earth set themselves, And the rulers take counsel together, Against Jehovah, and against his anointed,'saying ,

Douay-Rheims Bible
The kings of the earth stood up, and the princes met together, against the Lord and against his Christ.

Darby Bible Translation
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the princes plot together, against Jehovah and against his anointed:

English Revised Version
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

Webster's Bible Translation
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

World English Bible
The kings of the earth take a stand, and the rulers take counsel together, against Yahweh, and against his Anointed, saying,

Young's Literal Translation
Station themselves do kings of the earth, And princes have been united together, Against Jehovah, and against His Messiah:
Study Bible
Why Do the Nations Rage?
1Why are the nations in an uproar And the peoples devising a vain thing? 2The kings of the earth take their stand And the rulers take counsel together Against the LORD and against His Anointed, saying, 3"Let us tear their fetters apart And cast away their cords from us!"…
Cross References
John 1:41
He first found his brother Simon and told him, "We have found the Messiah" (which is translated as Christ).

Acts 4:26
The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the Lord and against His Anointed One.'

Revelation 11:15
Then the seventh angel sounded his trumpet, and loud voices called out in heaven: "The kingdom of the world is now the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He will reign forever and ever."

Psalm 45:7
You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of joy above Your fellows.

Psalm 46:6
The nations made an uproar, the kingdoms tottered; He raised His voice, the earth melted.

Psalm 48:4
For, lo, the kings assembled themselves, They passed by together.

Psalm 74:18
Remember this, O LORD, that the enemy has reviled, And a foolish people has spurned Your name.

Psalm 74:23
Do not forget the voice of Your adversaries, The uproar of those who rise against You which ascends continually.

Psalm 83:5
For they have conspired together with one mind; Against You they make a covenant:

Psalm 84:9
Behold our shield, O God, And look upon the face of Your anointed.
Treasury of Scripture

The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

kings

Psalm 2:10 Be wise now therefore, O you kings: be instructed, you judges of the earth.

Psalm 48:4 For, see, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.

Psalm 110:5 The Lord at your right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.

Matthew 2:16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding …

Luke 13:31 The same day there came certain of the Pharisees, saying to him, …

Luke 23:11,12 And Herod with his men of war set him at nothing, and mocked him, …

Acts 12:1-6 Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex …

Revelation 17:12-14 And the ten horns which you saw are ten kings, which have received …

rulers

Matthew 26:3,59 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the …

Matthew 27:1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the …

Acts 4:5-8 And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes…

Lord

Exodus 16:7 And in the morning, then you shall see the glory of the LORD; for …

Proverbs 21:30 There is no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD.

John 15:23 He that hates me hates my Father also.

Acts 9:4 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, Saul, …

anointed

Psalm 45:7 You love righteousness, and hate wickedness: therefore God, your …

Psalm 89:20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:

Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed …

John 1:41 He first finds his own brother Simon, and said to him, We have found …

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not …

Acts 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: …

Hebrews 1:9 You have loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, …

(2) Set themselves--i.e., with hostile intent, as in Jeremiah 46:4, where the same word is used of warriors: "Stand forth with your helmets."

Rulers.--Properly, grave dignitaries.

Take counsel.--Better, have taken their pians, and are now mustering to carry them into effect. Notice the change of tense: in the first clause, the poet sees, as it were, the array; in the second, he goes back to its origin.

Against the Lord.--Notice the majestic simplicity of this line. The word Messiah is applicable in its first sense to any one anointed for a holy office or with holy oil (Leviticus 4:3; Leviticus 4:5; Leviticus 4:16). Its distinctive reference to an expected prince of the chosen people, who was to redeem them from their enemies, and fulfil completely all the Divine promises for them, probably dates from this psalm, or more distinctly from this psalm than from any one passage. At least, that the traditional Jewish interpretation had fastened upon it as of this importance is shown by the frequent and emphatic quotation of this psalm in the New Testament. (See New Testament use of these verses in Acts 4:25, and Note in New Testament Commentary.)

Verse 2. - The kings of the earth set themselves; or, draw themselves up in array (comp. Jeremiah 46:4). Such kings as Herod the Great, Herod Agrippa, Nero, Galerius, Diocletian, Julian the Apostate, etc. There is always a warfare between the world and the Church, in which kings are apt to take a part, most often on the worldly side. And the rulers take counsel together. "Rulers" are persons having authority, but below the rank of kings Such were the ethnarchs and tetrarchs of the first century, the governors of provinces under the Roman emperor, the members of the Jewish Sanhedrin, and the like. These last frequently "took counsel against the Lord" (see Matthew 26:3 - 5; Matthew 27:1; Acts 4:5, 6; Acts 5:21-41). Against the Lord, and against his Anointed, saying. In David's time the recognized "anointed of the Lord" was the divinely appointed King of Israel (1 Samuel 2:10; 1 Samuel 12:3, 5; 1 Samuel 16:6; 1 Samuel 24:6, 10; 1 Samuel 26:7, 16; 2 Samuel 1:14, 16: 19:21; 22:51; Psalm 17:50; 20:6; 28:8) - first Saul, and then David; but David here seems to designate by the term a Greater than himself - the true theocratic King, whom he typified. The kings of the earth set themselves,.... Rose and stood up in great wrath and fury, and presented themselves in an hostile manner, and opposed the Messiah: as Herod the great, king of Judea, who very early bestirred himself, and sought to take away the life of Jesus in his infancy; and Herod Antipas, tetrarch of Galilee, who is called a king, Mark 6:14; who with his men of war mocked him, and set him at nought; and Pontius Pilate, the governor of Judea, who represented the Roman emperor, and condemned him to death, Matthew 27:26; and all the kings of the earth ever since, who ever persecuted Christ in his members, and have set themselves with all their might to hinder the spread of his Gospel and the enlargement of his interest;

and the rulers take counsel together; as did the Jewish sanhedrim, the great court of judicature among the Jews, the members of which were the rulers of the people, who frequently met together and consulted to take away the life of Christ: though it may also include all other governors and magistrates who have entered into schemes

against the Lord, and against his Anointed, or Messiah, Christ: by "the Lord", or Jehovah, which is the great, the glorious, and incommunicable name of God, and is expressive of his eternal being and self-existence, and of his being the fountain of essence to all creatures, is meant God the Father; since he is distinguished from his Son, the Messiah, his anointed One, as Messiah and Christ signify; and who is so called, because he is anointed by God with the Holy Ghost, without measure, to the office of the Mediator, Prophet, Priest, and King; from whom the saints receive the anointing, which teacheth all things, and every grace of the Spirit in measure; and who, after his name, are called Christians. This name of the promised Redeemer was well known among the Jews, John 1:41; and which they took from this passage, and from some others;

saying, as follows: 2. The kings and rulers lead on their subjects.

set themselves—take a stand.

take counsel—literally, "sit together," denoting their deliberation.

anointed—Hebrew, "Messiah"; Greek, "Christ" (Joh 1:41). Anointing, as an emblem of the gifts of the Holy Spirit, was conferred on prophets (Isa 6:1); priests (Ex 30:30); and kings (1Sa 10:1; 16:13; 1Ki 1:39). Hence this title well suited Him who holds all these offices, and was generally used by the Jews before His coming, to denote Him (Da 9:26). While the prophet has in view men's opposition generally, he here depicts it in its culminating aspect as seen in the events of Christ's great trial. Pilate and Herod, and the rulers of the Jews (Mt 27:1; Lu 23:1-25), with the furious mob, are vividly portrayed.2:1-6 We are here told who would appear as adversaries to Christ. As this world is the kingdom of Satan, unconverted men, of every rank, party, and character, are stirred up by him to oppose the cause of God. But the rulers of the earth generally have been most active. The truths and precepts of Christianity are against ambitious projects and worldly lusts. We are told what they aim at in this opposition. They would break asunder the bands of conscience, and the cords of God's commandments; they will not receive, but cast them away as far as they can. These enemies can show no good cause for opposing so just and holy a government, which, if received by all, would bring a heaven upon earth. They can hope for no success in so opposing so powerful a kingdom. The Lord Jesus has all power both in heaven and in earth, and is Head over all things to the church, notwithstanding the restless endeavours of his enemies. Christ's throne is set up in his church, that is, in the hearts of all believers.
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