Psalm 13:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
How long must I wrestle with my thoughts and day after day have sorrow in my heart? How long will my enemy triumph over me?

New Living Translation
How long must I struggle with anguish in my soul, with sorrow in my heart every day? How long will my enemy have the upper hand?

English Standard Version
How long must I take counsel in my soul and have sorrow in my heart all the day? How long shall my enemy be exalted over me?

New American Standard Bible
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, Having sorrow in my heart all the day? How long will my enemy be exalted over me?

King James Bible
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
How long will I store up anxious concerns within me, agony in my mind every day? How long will my enemy dominate me?

International Standard Version
How long must I struggle in my soul at night and have sorrow in my heart during the day? How long will my enemy rise up against me?

NET Bible
How long must I worry, and suffer in broad daylight? How long will my enemy gloat over me?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
How long will you put sorrow in my soul and misery in my heart every day? How long will my enemies be exalted against me?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
How long must I make decisions alone with sorrow in my heart day after day? How long will my enemy triumph over me?

Jubilee Bible 2000
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall my enemy be exalted over me?

King James 2000 Bible
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall my enemy be exalted over me?

American King James Version
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall my enemy be exalted over me?

American Standard Version
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, Having sorrow in my heart all the day? How long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?

Douay-Rheims Bible
How long shall I take counsels in my soul, sorrow in my heart all the day?

Darby Bible Translation
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, with sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?

English Revised Version
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart all the day? how long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?

Webster's Bible Translation
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall my enemy be exalted over me?

World English Bible
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart every day? How long shall my enemy triumph over me?

Young's Literal Translation
Till when do I set counsels in my soul? Sorrow in my heart daily? Till when is mine enemy exalted over me?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

13:1-6 The psalmist complains that God had long withdrawn. He earnestly prays for comfort. He assures himself of an answer of peace. - God sometimes hides his face, and leaves his own children in the dark concerning their interest in him: and this they lay to heart more than any outward trouble whatever. But anxious cares are heavy burdens with which believers often load themselves more than they need. The bread of sorrows is sometimes the saint's daily bread; our Master himself was a man of sorrows. It is a common temptation, when trouble lasts long, to think that it will last always. Those who have long been without joy, begin to be without hope. We should never allow ourselves to make any complaints but what drive us to our knees. Nothing is more killing to a soul than the want of God's favour; nothing more reviving than the return of it. The sudden, delightful changes in the book of Psalms, are often very remarkable. We pass from depth of despondency to the height of religious confidence and joy. It is thus, ver. 5. All is gloomy dejection in ver. 4; but here the mind of the despondent worshipper rises above all its distressing fears, and throws itself, without reserve, on the mercy and care of its Divine Redeemer. See the power of faith, and how good it is to draw near to God. If we bring our cares and griefs to the throne of grace, and leave them there, we may go away like Hannah, and our countenances will be no more said, 1Sa 1:18. God's mercy is the support of the psalmist's faith. Finding I have that to trust to, I am comforted, though I have no merit of my own. His faith in God's mercy filled his heart with joy in his salvation; for joy and peace come by believing. He has dealt bountifully with me. By faith he was as confident of salvation, as if it had been completed already. In this way believers pour out their prayers, renouncing all hopes but in the mercy of God through the Saviour's blood: and sometimes suddenly, at others gradually, they will find their burdens removed, and their comforts restored; they then allow that their fears and complaints were unnecessary, and acknowledge that the Lord hath dealt bountifully with them.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - How long shall I take counsel in my soul? or, How long shall I arrange plans? (Kay). Tossing on a sea of doubt and perplexity, David forms plan after plan, but to no purpose. He seeks to find a way of escape from his difficulties, but cannot discover one. Having sorrow in my heart daily; or, all the day. It is, perhaps, implied that the plans are formed and thought over at night. How long shall mine enemy be exalted ever me? A special enemy is once more glanced at. The allusion seems to be to Saul (comp. Psalm 7:2, 5, 11-16; Psalm 8:2; Psalm 9:6, 16; Psalm 10:2-11, 15; Psalm 11:5).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

How long shall I take counsel in my soul,.... Or "put it" (s); to take counsel of good men and faithful friends, in matters of moment and difficulty, is safe and right; and it is best of all to take counsel of God, who is wonderful in it, and guides his people with it; but nothing is worse than for a man to take counsel of his own heart, or only to consult himself; for such counsel often casts a man down, and he is ashamed of it sooner or later: but this seems not to be the sense here; the phrase denotes the distressing circumstances and anxiety of mind the psalmist was in; he was at his wits' end, and cast about in his mind, and had various devises and counsels formed there; and yet knew not what way to take, what course to steer;

having sorrow in my heart daily; by reason of God's hiding his face from him; on account of sin that dwelt in him, or was committed by him; because of his distance from the house of God, and the worship and ordinances of it; and by reason of his many enemies that surrounded him on every side: this sorrow was an heart sorrow, and what continually attended him day by day; or was in the daytime, when men are generally amused with business or diversions, as well as in the night, as Kimchi observes;

how long shall mine enemy be exalted over me? even the vilest of men, Psalm 12:8; this may be understood either of temporal enemies, and was true of David when he was obliged not only to leave his own house and family, but the land of Judea, and flee to the Philistines; and when he fled from Absalom his son, lest he should be taken and slain by him; or of spiritual enemies, and is true of saints when sin prevails and leads captive, and when the temptations of Satan succeed; as when he prevailed upon David to number the people, Peter to deny his master, &c. The Jewish writers (t) observe that here are four "how longs", answerable to the four monarchies, Babylonian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman, and their captivities under them.

(s) "ponam", Pagninus, Montanus, Munster, Vatablus. (t) Jarchi, Midrash in Kimchi, & Abendana in Miclol Yophi in loc.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. The counsels or devices of his heart afford no relief.

Psalm 13:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
How Long, O Lord?
1For the choir director. A Psalm of David. How long, O LORD? Will You forget me forever? How long will You hide Your face from me? 2How long shall I take counsel in my soul, Having sorrow in my heart all the day? How long will my enemy be exalted over me? 3Consider and answer me, O LORD my God; Enlighten my eyes, or I will sleep the sleep of death,…
Cross References
Psalm 31:10
My life is consumed by anguish and my years by groaning; my strength fails because of my affliction, and my bones grow weak.

Psalm 38:17
For I am about to fall, and my pain is ever with me.

Psalm 42:4
These things I remember as I pour out my soul: how I used to go to the house of God under the protection of the Mighty One with shouts of joy and praise among the festive throng.

Psalm 42:9
I say to God my Rock, "Why have you forgotten me? Why must I go about mourning, oppressed by the enemy?"

Psalm 89:42
You have exalted the right hand of his foes; you have made all his enemies rejoice.

Habakkuk 1:2
How long, LORD, must I call for help, but you do not listen? Or cry out to you, "Violence!" but you do not save?
Treasury of Scripture

How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall my enemy be exalted over me?

take

Psalm 77:2-12 In the day of my trouble I sought the Lord: my sore ran in the night, …

Psalm 94:18,19 When I said, My foot slips; your mercy, O LORD, held me up…

Psalm 142:4-7 I looked on my right hand, and beheld, but there was no man that …

Job 7:12-15 Am I a sea, or a whale, that you set a watch over me…

Job 9:19-21,27,28 If I speak of strength, see, he is strong: and if of judgment, who …

Job 10:15 If I be wicked, woe to me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not …

Job 23:8-10 Behold, I go forward, but he is not there; and backward, but I cannot …

Jeremiah 15:18 Why is my pain perpetual, and my wound incurable, which refuses to …

sorrow

Psalm 38:17 For I am ready to halt, and my sorrow is continually before me.

Psalm 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell got hold …

Nehemiah 2:2 Why the king said to me, Why is your countenance sad, seeing you …

Proverbs 15:13 A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the …

Ecclesiastes 5:17 All his days also he eats in darkness, and he has much sorrow and …

Jeremiah 8:18 When I would comfort myself against sorrow, my heart is faint in me.

Jeremiah 45:3 You did say, Woe is me now! for the LORD has added grief to my sorrow; …

Matthew 26:38 Then said he to them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even to death: …

John 16:6 But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart.

Romans 9:2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.

Philippians 2:27 For indeed he was sick near to death: but God had mercy on him; and …

enemy

Psalm 7:2,4,5 Lest he tear my soul like a lion, rending it in pieces, while there …

Psalm 8:2 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings have you ordained strength …

Psalm 9:6 O you enemy, destructions are come to a perpetual end: and you have …

Psalm 10:18 To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth …

Psalm 17:9 From the wicked that oppress me, from my deadly enemies, who compass me about.

Psalm 74:10,18 O God, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme …

1 Samuel 18:29 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became David's …

1 Samuel 24:19 For if a man find his enemy, will he let him go well away? why the …

Esther 7:6 And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then …

Lamentations 1:9 Her filthiness is in her skirts; she remembers not her last end; …

Micah 7:8-10 Rejoice not against me, O my enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when …

exalted

Psalm 22:7,8 All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they …

Psalm 31:18 Let the lying lips be put to silence; which speak grievous things …

Psalm 42:10 As with a sword in my bones, my enemies reproach me; while they say …

Psalm 44:14-16 You make us a byword among the heathen, a shaking of the head among …

Psalm 123:3,4 Have mercy on us, O LORD, have mercy on us: for we are exceedingly …

Psalm 143:3,4 For the enemy has persecuted my soul; he has smitten my life down …

Lamentations 1:5 Her adversaries are the chief, her enemies prosper; for the LORD …

Luke 22:53 When I was daily with you in the temple, you stretched forth no hands …

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