Psalm 18:50
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He gives his king great victories; he shows unfailing love to his anointed, to David and to his descendants forever.

New Living Translation
You give great victories to your king; you show unfailing love to your anointed, to David and all his descendants forever.

English Standard Version
Great salvation he brings to his king, and shows steadfast love to his anointed, to David and his offspring forever.

New American Standard Bible
He gives great deliverance to His king, And shows lovingkindness to His anointed, To David and his descendants forever.

King James Bible
Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and sheweth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He gives great victories to His king; He shows loyalty to His anointed, to David and his descendants forever.

International Standard Version
He is the one who gives victories to his king; who shows gracious love to his anointed, to David and his seed forever.

NET Bible
He gives his chosen king magnificent victories; he is faithful to his chosen ruler, to David and his descendants forever."

New Heart English Bible
He gives great deliverance to his king, and shows loving kindness to his anointed, to David and to his descendants, until forever.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The salvation of his King is magnificent; he performs grace to his Anointed, to David, and to his seed for eternity.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He gives great victories to his king. He shows mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his descendant forever.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Great salvation giveth He to His king; And showeth mercy to His anointed, To David and to his seed, for evermore.

New American Standard 1977
He gives great deliverance to His king,
            And shows lovingkindness to His anointed,
            To David and his descendants forever.



Jubilee Bible 2000
He gives great deliverance to his king and shows mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.

King James 2000 Bible
Great deliverance gives he to his king; and shows mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his descendants forevermore.

American King James Version
Great deliverance gives he to his king; and shows mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for ever more.

American Standard Version
Great deliverance giveth he to his king, And showeth lovingkindness to his anointed, To David and to his seed, for evermore.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Giving great deliverance to his king, and shewing mercy to David his anointed : and to his seed for ever.

Darby Bible Translation
[It is he] who giveth great deliverances to his king, and sheweth loving-kindness to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.

English Revised Version
Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and sheweth lovingkindness to his anointed, to David and to his seed, for evermore.

Webster's Bible Translation
He giveth great deliverance to his king; and showeth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for ever.

World English Bible
He gives great deliverance to his king, and shows loving kindness to his anointed, to David and to his seed, forevermore. For the Chief Musician. A Psalm by David.

Young's Literal Translation
Magnifying the salvation of His king, And doing kindness to His anointed, To David, and to his seed -- unto the age!

Study Bible
The Lord is My Rock
49Therefore I will give thanks to You among the nations, O LORD, And I will sing praises to Your name. 50He gives great deliverance to His king, And shows lovingkindness to His anointed, To David and his descendants forever.
Cross References
Psalm 21:1
For the choir director. A Psalm of David. O LORD, in Your strength the king will be glad, And in Your salvation how greatly he will rejoice!

Psalm 28:8
The LORD is their strength, And He is a saving defense to His anointed.

Psalm 89:4
I will establish your seed forever And build up your throne to all generations." Selah.

Psalm 89:29
"So I will establish his descendants forever And his throne as the days of heaven.

Psalm 144:10
Who gives salvation to kings, Who rescues David His servant from the evil sword.
Treasury of Scripture

Great deliverance gives he to his king; and shows mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for ever more.

Great

Psalm 2:6 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion.

Psalm 78:71,72 From following the ewes great with young he brought him to feed Jacob …

Psalm 89:3,4 I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn to David my servant…

Psalm 144:10 It is he that gives salvation to kings: who delivers David his servant …

1 Samuel 21:10 And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish …

1 Samuel 16:1 And the LORD said to Samuel, How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing …

Acts 2:34-36 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he said himself, …

Philippians 2:9-11 Why God also has highly exalted him, and given him a name which is …

to his

Psalm 89:20-38 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him…

Psalm 132:10 For your servant David's sake turn not away the face of your anointed.

2 Samuel 7:13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will establish the throne …

1 Chronicles 17:11-14,27 And it shall come to pass, when your days be expired that you must …

Isaiah 9:6,7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government …

Luke 1:31-33,69 And, behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, …

Romans 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed …

Romans 11:29 For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.

Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He said not, …

(50) This verse is by many treated as a late liturgical addition to the hymn. The change to the third person is certainly somewhat suggestive of this, but by no means conclusive.

The question of the relation of the two copies of this hymn to each other is far too complicated and difficult for discussion here. Each has been again and again claimed as the original. The best explanation of the variations is that the compositions were independent copies of some original, and that the psalm, like many others, was altered in preparation for the choir use.

Verse 50. - Great deliverance giveth he to his king; literally, he magnifies salutations to his king. The primary reference seems to be to the gracious message which God sent to David by Nathan when he had brought the tabernacle into Jerusalem, and purposed to build a "house" worthy of it (see 2 Samuel 7:8-16). God had then "saluted" David as "his servant" (ver. 5), and sent him a message of the most gracious character, even promising the kingdom to him and to his seed "for ever" (vers. 13, 16). And showeth mercy to his anointed, to David. No doubt David is primarily intended, both by the "king" of the first clause, and by the "anointed" of the second; but the combination of the two, and the immediate mention of the "seed" which is to reign "for ever," carry the passage beyond the psalmist individually, and give to the conclusion of the psalm, at any rate, a semi-Messianic character. As Hengstenberg says, "Psalms of this kind are distinguished from those which may more strictly be called Messianic, only by this - that in the latter the Messiah exclusively is brought into view, while here he is presented to our notice only as a member of the seed of David" ('Commentary on the Psalms,' vol. 1. p. 324, Engl. trans.).



Great deliverance giveth he to his king,.... Not that is king over him; for he is King of kings and Lord of lords; but that is made king by him, as David was; who did not usurp the throne, but was anointed king by the appointment of God, and was placed by him upon the throne; to whom he gave great deliverance from his enemies, or "magnified salvations" to him; which were great in kind, and many in number; and as Christ is, whom God has set as his King on his holy hill of Sion, against whom the Heathen raged, and kings and princes set themselves; but he is delivered from them all, and saved from the power of death and the grave, and ever lives to reign over, protect, and defend his people; in 2 Samuel 22:51, it is, he is "the tower of salvation for his king", with which compare Proverbs 18:10;

and showeth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore; which may be understood either of David literally, who was the Lord's anointed, and to whom God showed mercy in various instances; and then by his seed is meant the Messiah, who was of his seed according to the flesh; or of the Messiah, whose name signifies Anointed; and who is often called David, Ezekiel 34:23, Hosea 3:5; and so some of the Jewish doctors (u) from this verse prove that the name of the Messiah is David: and by his seed are meant his spiritual seed; all the elect of God, who are given him as his children, to whom he stands in the relation of the everlasting Father: and as mercy is kept with him for evermore, Psalm 89:28; so it is shown to them in regeneration, in the forgiveness of their sins, and in their everlasting salvation.

(u) Echa Rabbati, fol. 50. 2.18:32, and the following verses, are the gifts of God to the spiritual warrior, whereby he is prepared for the contest, after the example of his victorious Leader. Learn that we must seek release being made through Christ, shall be rejected. In David the type, we behold out of trouble through Christ. The prayer put up, without reconciliation Jesus our Redeemer, conflicting with enemies, compassed with sorrows and with floods of ungodly men, enduring not only the pains of death, but the wrath of God for us; yet calling upon the Father with strong cries and tears; rescued from the grave; proceeding to reconcile, or to put under his feet all other enemies, till death, the last enemy, shall be destroyed. We should love the Lord, our Strength, and our Salvation; we should call on him in every trouble, and praise him for every deliverance; we should aim to walk with him in all righteousness and true holiness, keeping from sin. If we belong to him, he conquers and reigns for us, and we shall conquer and reign through him, and partake of the mercy of our anointed King, which is promised to all his seed for evermore. Amen.
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