|New International Version (©2011)|
He makes nations great, and destroys them; he enlarges nations, and disperses them.
New Living Translation (©2007)
He builds up nations, and he destroys them. He expands nations, and he abandons them.
English Standard Version (©2001)
He makes nations great, and he destroys them; he enlarges nations, and leads them away.
New American Standard Bible (©1995)
"He makes the nations great, then destroys them; He enlarges the nations, then leads them away.
King James Bible (Cambridge Ed.)
He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them: he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again.
Holman Christian Standard Bible (©2009)
He makes nations great, then destroys them; He enlarges nations, then leads them away.
International Standard Version (©2012)
He makes nations great, and then destroys them; he enlarges nations, but then sends them away to captivity.
NET Bible (©2006)
He makes nations great, and destroys them; he extends the boundaries of nations and disperses them.
GOD'S WORD® Translation (©1995)
He makes nations important and then destroys them. He makes nations large and leads them away.
King James 2000 Bible (©2003)
He increases the nations, and destroys them: he enlarges the nations, and leads them away.
American King James Version
He increases the nations, and destroys them: he enlarges the nations, and straitens them again.
American Standard Version
He increaseth the nations, and he destroyeth them: He enlargeth the nations, and he leadeth them captive.
He multiplieth nations, and destroyeth them, and restoreth them again after they were overthrown.
Darby Bible Translation
He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them; he spreadeth out the nations, and bringeth them in;
English Revised Version
He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them: he spreadeth the nations abroad, and bringeth them in.
Webster's Bible Translation
He increaseth nations, and destroyeth them: he enlargeth nations, and straiteneth them again.
World English Bible
He increases the nations, and he destroys them. He enlarges the nations, and he leads them captive.
Young's Literal Translation
Magnifying the nations, and He destroyeth them, Spreading out the nations, and He quieteth them.
|Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary|
12:12-25 This is a noble discourse of Job concerning the wisdom, power, and sovereignty of God, in ordering all the affairs of the children of men, according to the counsel of His own will, which none can resist. It were well if wise and good men, who differ about lesser things, would see how it is for their honour and comfort, and the good of others, to dwell most upon the great things in which they agree. Here are no complaints, or reflections. He gives many instances of God's powerful management of the children of men, overruling all their counsels, and overcoming all their oppositions. Having all strength and wisdom, God knows how to make use, even of those who are foolish and bad; otherwise there is so little wisdom and so little honesty in the world, that all had been in confusion and ruin long ago. These important truths were suited to convince the disputants that they were out of their depth in attempting to assign the Lord's reasons for afflicting Job; his ways are unsearchable, and his judgments past finding out. Let us remark what beautiful illustrations there are in the word of God, confirming his sovereignty, and wisdom in that sovereignty: but the highest and infinitely the most important is, that the Lord Jesus was crucified by the malice of the Jews; and who but the Lord could have known that this one event was the salvation of the world?
Verse 23. - He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them. God's providence concerns itself, not only with the fate of individual men, bet also with that of nations. With Israel, his "peculiar people" (Deuteronomy 14:2), he especially concerned himself, but not with Israel only. Babylon, Assyria, Egypt, Elam, Edom, Ammon, Moab, were likewise objects of his attention, of his guidance, of his chastening hand, of his avenging rod. Particular nations were consigned by God to the charge of particular angels (Daniel 10:13, 20). At his pleasure he can "increase" nations by blessing them with extraordinary fecundity (Exodus 1:7-12), or "destroy" them by internal decay, by civil wars, or by the swords of their neighbours. He enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again; i.e. "enlarges their bounds, or diminishes them." In Western Asia, where Job lived, empires were continually starting up, growing and expanding, increasing to vast dimensions, and then after a while shrinking back again to their original narrow limits Egypt, Elam, Babylon, and the Hittite nation were eases in point.
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them,.... As he did before the flood, when the earth was tilled, and all over peopled with them, but at the flood he destroyed them at once. Sephorno interprets it of the seven nations in the land of Canaan, which were increased in it, and destroyed, to make way for the Israelites to inhabit it; and this has since been verified in other kingdoms, large and populous, and brought to destruction, particularly in the four monarchies, Babylonian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman, and will be in the antichristian states and nations of the world:
he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again; or "stretcheth" or "spreadeth out the nations" (c), as he did all over the earth before the deluge, and then most remarkably straitened them, when they were reduced to so small a number as to be contained in a single ark: "or leads them" (d); that is, "governs them", as Mr. Broughton renders the word, rules and overrules them, as large as they are; or leads them into captivity, as some Jewish writers (e), as the Israelites; though they have been enlarged, and became numerous, as it was promised they should, yet have been led into captivity, first the ten tribes by the Assyrians, and then the two tribes by the Chaldeans; the Targum is, "he spreadeth out a net for the nations, and leadeth them", that is, into it, so that they are taken in it, see Ezekiel 12:13.
(c) "extendit", Tigurine version, Drusius, Mercerus; "expandit", Beza, Junius & Tremellus, Piscator, Schmidt; "expandens", Schultens. (d) "et ducit eas", Pagninus, Montanus, Mercerus, Cocceius, Schmidt. (e) Kimchi, Ben Melech, Bar Tzemach.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
23. Isa 9:3; Ps 107:38, 39, which Psalm quotes this chapter elsewhere. (See on Job 12:21).
straiteneth—literally, "leadeth in," that is, "reduces."
Job 12:23 Parallel Commentaries
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