Job 12:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He makes nations great, and destroys them; he enlarges nations, and disperses them.

New Living Translation
He builds up nations, and he destroys them. He expands nations, and he abandons them.

English Standard Version
He makes nations great, and he destroys them; he enlarges nations, and leads them away.

New American Standard Bible
"He makes the nations great, then destroys them; He enlarges the nations, then leads them away.

King James Bible
He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them: he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He makes nations great, then destroys them; He enlarges nations, then leads them away.

International Standard Version
He makes nations great, and then destroys them; he enlarges nations, but then sends them away to captivity.

NET Bible
He makes nations great, and destroys them; he extends the boundaries of nations and disperses them.

New Heart English Bible
He increases the nations, and he destroys them. He enlarges the nations, and he leads them captive.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He makes nations important and then destroys them. He makes nations large and leads them away.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them; He enlargeth the nations, and leadeth them away.

New American Standard 1977
“He makes the nations great, then destroys them;
            He enlarges the nations, then leads them away.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He multiplies the Gentiles and destroys them; he scatters the Gentiles and gathers them again.

King James 2000 Bible
He increases the nations, and destroys them: he enlarges the nations, and leads them away.

American King James Version
He increases the nations, and destroys them: he enlarges the nations, and straitens them again.

American Standard Version
He increaseth the nations, and he destroyeth them: He enlargeth the nations, and he leadeth them captive.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He multiplieth nations, and destroyeth them, and restoreth them again after they were overthrown.

Darby Bible Translation
He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them; he spreadeth out the nations, and bringeth them in;

English Revised Version
He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them: he spreadeth the nations abroad, and bringeth them in.

Webster's Bible Translation
He increaseth nations, and destroyeth them: he enlargeth nations, and straiteneth them again.

World English Bible
He increases the nations, and he destroys them. He enlarges the nations, and he leads them captive.

Young's Literal Translation
Magnifying the nations, and He destroyeth them, Spreading out the nations, and He quieteth them.
Study Bible
Job's Response to Zophar
22"He reveals mysteries from the darkness And brings the deep darkness into light. 23"He makes the nations great, then destroys them; He enlarges the nations, then leads them away. 24"He deprives of intelligence the chiefs of the earth's people And makes them wander in a pathless waste.…
Cross References
Acts 17:26
From one man He made every nation of men, to inhabit the whole earth; and He determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their lands.

Isaiah 9:3
You shall multiply the nation, You shall increase their gladness; They will be glad in Your presence As with the gladness of harvest, As men rejoice when they divide the spoil.

Isaiah 26:15
You have increased the nation, O LORD, You have increased the nation, You are glorified; You have extended all the borders of the land.
Treasury of Scripture

He increases the nations, and destroys them: he enlarges the nations, and straitens them again.

increaseth

Exodus 1:7,20 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, …

Psalm 107:38 He blesses them also, so that they are multiplied greatly; and suffers …

Isaiah 9:3 You have multiplied the nation, and not increased the joy: they joy …

Isaiah 26:15 You have increased the nation, O LORD, you have increased the nation: …

Isaiah 27:6 He shall cause them that come of Jacob to take root: Israel shall …

Isaiah 51:2 Look to Abraham your father, and to Sarah that bore you: for I called …

Isaiah 60:22 A little one shall become a thousand, and a small one a strong nation: …

Jeremiah 30:19 And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of them …

Jeremiah 33:22 As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the …

Zechariah 10:8 I will hiss for them, and gather them; for I have redeemed them: …

straiteneth them again. Heb. leadeth in

(23) He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them.--The latter part of this chapter teaches us a truth that is apt to be forgotten in the present day, which is, nevertheless, the key to much of the history of the world Why is it that nations are marked with such characteristic differences? as, for instance, the Greeks, the Romans, and the Jews in ancient times; the French, the English, and the Germans in our own. Why is it that the counsel of the wisest sometimes faileth, as with Ahitophel--the bravery of the boldest sometimes forsaketh them? but because there is One working underneath it all for His own ends and to His own glory, as seemeth Him good. Zophar, with all his common sense, had scarcely risen to the perception of this truth, for while Job maintained that there was always a deeper depth, he was prepared, at all events, to imply that the dealings of God were intelligible, and approved themselves to the conceptions of human equity. Job, on the other hand, declared that they were inscrutable, and, consequently, from their very darkness, suggested the necessity for faith His teaching here may seem to savour of fatalism, but that is simply because he deals only with one side of the problem. Had he found occasion, he would have stated with equal force the correlative truth of the absolute responsibility of man, even though but as clay in the hands of the potter; for, in fact, were it not so, how then should God judge the world? Into the mazes of this problem Job enters not, being concerned with other questions and mysteries. Job s conception, therefore, of the righteous government of God as far transcended that of his friends as their estimate of his righteousness fell short of the truth. Justly, therefore, he exclaims, "I am not inferior unto you."

Verse 23. - He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them. God's providence concerns itself, not only with the fate of individual men, bet also with that of nations. With Israel, his "peculiar people" (Deuteronomy 14:2), he especially concerned himself, but not with Israel only. Babylon, Assyria, Egypt, Elam, Edom, Ammon, Moab, were likewise objects of his attention, of his guidance, of his chastening hand, of his avenging rod. Particular nations were consigned by God to the charge of particular angels (Daniel 10:13, 20). At his pleasure he can "increase" nations by blessing them with extraordinary fecundity (Exodus 1:7-12), or "destroy" them by internal decay, by civil wars, or by the swords of their neighbours. He enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again; i.e. "enlarges their bounds, or diminishes them." In Western Asia, where Job lived, empires were continually starting up, growing and expanding, increasing to vast dimensions, and then after a while shrinking back again to their original narrow limits Egypt, Elam, Babylon, and the Hittite nation were eases in point. He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them,.... As he did before the flood, when the earth was tilled, and all over peopled with them, but at the flood he destroyed them at once. Sephorno interprets it of the seven nations in the land of Canaan, which were increased in it, and destroyed, to make way for the Israelites to inhabit it; and this has since been verified in other kingdoms, large and populous, and brought to destruction, particularly in the four monarchies, Babylonian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman, and will be in the antichristian states and nations of the world:

he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again; or "stretcheth" or "spreadeth out the nations" (c), as he did all over the earth before the deluge, and then most remarkably straitened them, when they were reduced to so small a number as to be contained in a single ark: "or leads them" (d); that is, "governs them", as Mr. Broughton renders the word, rules and overrules them, as large as they are; or leads them into captivity, as some Jewish writers (e), as the Israelites; though they have been enlarged, and became numerous, as it was promised they should, yet have been led into captivity, first the ten tribes by the Assyrians, and then the two tribes by the Chaldeans; the Targum is, "he spreadeth out a net for the nations, and leadeth them", that is, into it, so that they are taken in it, see Ezekiel 12:13.

(c) "extendit", Tigurine version, Drusius, Mercerus; "expandit", Beza, Junius & Tremellus, Piscator, Schmidt; "expandens", Schultens. (d) "et ducit eas", Pagninus, Montanus, Mercerus, Cocceius, Schmidt. (e) Kimchi, Ben Melech, Bar Tzemach. 23. Isa 9:3; Ps 107:38, 39, which Psalm quotes this chapter elsewhere. (See on [499]Job 12:21).

straiteneth—literally, "leadeth in," that is, "reduces."12:12-25 This is a noble discourse of Job concerning the wisdom, power, and sovereignty of God, in ordering all the affairs of the children of men, according to the counsel of His own will, which none can resist. It were well if wise and good men, who differ about lesser things, would see how it is for their honour and comfort, and the good of others, to dwell most upon the great things in which they agree. Here are no complaints, or reflections. He gives many instances of God's powerful management of the children of men, overruling all their counsels, and overcoming all their oppositions. Having all strength and wisdom, God knows how to make use, even of those who are foolish and bad; otherwise there is so little wisdom and so little honesty in the world, that all had been in confusion and ruin long ago. These important truths were suited to convince the disputants that they were out of their depth in attempting to assign the Lord's reasons for afflicting Job; his ways are unsearchable, and his judgments past finding out. Let us remark what beautiful illustrations there are in the word of God, confirming his sovereignty, and wisdom in that sovereignty: but the highest and infinitely the most important is, that the Lord Jesus was crucified by the malice of the Jews; and who but the Lord could have known that this one event was the salvation of the world?
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OT Poetry: Job 12:23 He increases the nations and he destroys (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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