Job 12:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He silences the lips of trusted advisers and takes away the discernment of elders.

New Living Translation
He silences the trusted adviser and removes the insight of the elders.

English Standard Version
He deprives of speech those who are trusted and takes away the discernment of the elders.

New American Standard Bible
"He deprives the trusted ones of speech And takes away the discernment of the elders.

King James Bible
He removeth away the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the aged.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He deprives trusted advisers of speech and takes away the elders' good judgment.

International Standard Version
He keeps reliable advisors from speaking, and removes discernment from elders.

NET Bible
He deprives the trusted advisers of speech and takes away the discernment of elders.

New Heart English Bible
He removes the speech of those who are trusted, and takes away the understanding of the elders.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He makes trusted advisers unable to speak and takes away the good judgment of respected leaders.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He removeth the speech of men of trust, And taketh away the sense of the elders.

New American Standard 1977
“He deprives the trusted ones of speech,
            And takes away the discernment of the elders.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He impedes the lips of those that speak the truth and takes away the counsel of the aged.

King James 2000 Bible
He takes away the speech of the trustworthy, and takes away the understanding of the aged.

American King James Version
He removes away the speech of the trusty, and takes away the understanding of the aged.

American Standard Version
He removeth the speech of the trusty, And taketh away the understanding of the elders.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He changeth the speech of the true speakers, and taketh away the doctrine of the aged.

Darby Bible Translation
He depriveth of speech the trusty, and taketh away the judgment of the elders;

English Revised Version
He removeth the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the elders.

Webster's Bible Translation
He removeth away the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the aged.

World English Bible
He removes the speech of those who are trusted, and takes away the understanding of the elders.

Young's Literal Translation
Turning aside the lip of the stedfast, And the reason of the aged He taketh away.
Study Bible
Job's Response to Zophar
19"He makes priests walk barefoot And overthrows the secure ones. 20"He deprives the trusted ones of speech And takes away the discernment of the elders. 21"He pours contempt on nobles And loosens the belt of the strong.…
Cross References
Job 12:24
"He deprives of intelligence the chiefs of the earth's people And makes them wander in a pathless waste.

Job 17:4
"For You have kept their heart from understanding, Therefore You will not exalt them.

Job 32:9
"The abundant in years may not be wise, Nor may elders understand justice.
Treasury of Scripture

He removes away the speech of the trusty, and takes away the understanding of the aged.

the speech of the trusty. Heb. the lip of the faithful

Proverbs 10:21 The lips of the righteous feed many: but fools die for want of wisdom.

Proverbs 12:19,22 The lip of truth shall be established for ever: but a lying tongue …

taketh

Job 12:24 He takes away the heart of the chief of the people of the earth, …

Job 17:4 For you have hid their heart from understanding: therefore shall …

Job 32:9 Great men are not always wise: neither do the aged understand judgment.

Job 39:17 Because God has deprived her of wisdom, neither has he imparted to …

Isaiah 3:1-3 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, does take away from Jerusalem …

Verse 20. - He removeth away the speech of the trusty. God deprives trusted statesmen of their eloquence, destroys their reputation and their authority. And taketh away the understanding of the aged. He turns wise and aged men into fools and drivellers, weakening their judgments and reducing them to imbecility. He removeth away the speech of the trusty,.... Speech is proper to mankind, and a benefit unto them, whereby they can converse together, and communicate their minds to each other; this is the gift of God, he gives to men in common the faculty of speaking; to some the tongue of the learned to speak various tongues, either in an ordinary or in an extraordinary manner; and he that gives can take away; he that made man's mouth or lip can make it speechless, as he does at death; when he takes away man's breath, he takes away his speech; the state of the dead is a state of silence; and sometimes he does it while living, by striking dumb, as he did Zechariah the father of John the Baptist; and even without so doing, as in the builders of Babel, he took away the speech they had, and gave them another; and sometimes he suffers not men to speak what they would, but what is contrary to their inclinations and desires, as in Balaam, who would willingly have cursed Israel, but could not. Now that God should take away by any means the speech of liars, and faithless persons, as Ananias and Sapphira, by striking them dead, Acts 5:1; and of false teachers, deceivers, and bold blasphemers of God, and of his Son, and of the blessed Spirit, whose mouths ought to be stopped, is no wonder; but it seems strange that he should remove the speech of "trusty" or "faithful" (x) men, that speak the truth, and are to be credited and believed; and as the preceding words are understood of ecclesiastic persons, these may be continued concerning them; and the character agrees with ministers of the word, who are in trusted with the rich treasure of it; that is put in earthen vessels, and committed to the trust of faithful men; who appear to be such when they speak the word faithfully, declare the whole counsel of God, and keep back nothing profitable to men; when they speak plainly, without ambiguity, and sincerely, without mixing or adulterating it; and are faithful as to God, who has appointed them, and put them into the ministry, so to the souls of men under their care: now God sometimes takes away the speech of these, not by changing their voice, or ordering them, instead of the gracious promises of the Gospel, to deliver out the menaces and threatenings of the law; but either by commanding them to be dumb and silent, and speak no more to an incorrigible and rebellious people; as Ezekiel was bid to prophesy no more to the house of Israel, and the apostles to preach no more to the Jews; or by suffering them to be silenced by the edicts of wicked princes, and their violent persecutions of them, so that the teachers of men are removed into corners, and not to be seen or heard; and also by death, when their faces are no more seen, and their speech no more heard. Some, both Jewish and Christian interpreters, derive the word here used from the root "to speak", and render it "speakers" or "orators" (y); so Mr. Broughton translates the words, "he bereaveth the orators of lip"; he takes away their eloquence from them, deprives them of their speaking well, and strips them of their natural and acquired abilities, by which they have become good speakers; and such who use their talents well in this way are beneficial to a commonwealth, and it is a loss when they are removed, or their speech removed from them, see Isaiah 3:3;

and taketh away the understanding of the aged; or "elders" (z), as Mr. Broughton, either in age or office; elders in age, with whom understanding, reason, judgment, counsel, and wisdom, by all which the word is interpreted, may be thought to be, and it is expected they should, and oftentimes are, though not always; yet all this God can take away, and does when he pleases, and they become like children in understanding; through the infirmities of old age their memories fail them, their reason is impaired, their understanding and judgment are weakened, and they become unfit to give advice themselves, and are easily imposed on, and drawn aside by others, as may be observed in Solomon, the wisest of men, when he was grown old. This is to be understood of the natural understanding in things natural and civil, but not of the spiritual understanding, which is never taken away, but rather increased in old age; the true light of grace shines more and more unto the perfect day; it is a gift of God without repentance, which he never revokes and removes: it may intend the natural "taste" (a), as the word may be rendered; this is often and generally taken away from the aged, as in old Barzillai, who could not taste what he ate and drank, as to distinguish and relish it, 2 Samuel 19:35; but not the spiritual taste, of the Lord as gracious, of the good word of God, and the fruits of divine grace; the taste and savour of which remain with the people of God in old age; or this may design men in office, either civil magistrates, called senators, the elders of the people, judges, and counsellors, who instead of being taught more wisdom, which their offices require, sometimes become infatuated, their understanding of civil things is taken away from them, their wise counsels become brutish, and they like children; or ecclesiastic persons, elders of churches, who, having talents for public usefulness, either neglect them, or make an ill use of them, and therefore are taken away from them; their right arm is dried up, and their right eye darkened, Matthew 25:28.

(x) "veracibus", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus, Schultens; "fidis", Mercerus, Piscator; "fidelibus", Bolducius. (y) "Dicendi peritis", Beza; eloquentibus, Junius & Tremellius; so Kimchi, Ramban, Ben Gersom, Ben Melech, Sephorno. (z) "seniorum", Cocceius, Michaelis; "senatorum", Schultens. (a) "gustum", Drusius, Schultens. 20. the trusty—rather, "those secure in their eloquence"; for example, the speakers in the gate (Isa 3:3) [Beza].

understanding—literally, "taste," that is, insight or spiritual discernment, which experience gives the aged. The same Hebrew word is applied to Daniel's wisdom in interpretation (Da 2:14).12:12-25 This is a noble discourse of Job concerning the wisdom, power, and sovereignty of God, in ordering all the affairs of the children of men, according to the counsel of His own will, which none can resist. It were well if wise and good men, who differ about lesser things, would see how it is for their honour and comfort, and the good of others, to dwell most upon the great things in which they agree. Here are no complaints, or reflections. He gives many instances of God's powerful management of the children of men, overruling all their counsels, and overcoming all their oppositions. Having all strength and wisdom, God knows how to make use, even of those who are foolish and bad; otherwise there is so little wisdom and so little honesty in the world, that all had been in confusion and ruin long ago. These important truths were suited to convince the disputants that they were out of their depth in attempting to assign the Lord's reasons for afflicting Job; his ways are unsearchable, and his judgments past finding out. Let us remark what beautiful illustrations there are in the word of God, confirming his sovereignty, and wisdom in that sovereignty: but the highest and infinitely the most important is, that the Lord Jesus was crucified by the malice of the Jews; and who but the Lord could have known that this one event was the salvation of the world?
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