1 Kings 4:29
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
God gave Solomon wisdom and very great insight, and a breadth of understanding as measureless as the sand on the seashore.

New Living Translation
God gave Solomon very great wisdom and understanding, and knowledge as vast as the sands of the seashore.

English Standard Version
And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding beyond measure, and breadth of mind like the sand on the seashore,

New American Standard Bible
Now God gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and breadth of mind, like the sand that is on the seashore.

King James Bible
And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
God gave Solomon wisdom, very great insight, and understanding as vast as the sand on the seashore.

International Standard Version
God gave Solomon wisdom and great discernment. His insights were as numerous as sand on the seashore.

NET Bible
God gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment; the breadth of his understanding was as infinite as the sand on the seashore.

New Heart English Bible
God gave Solomon wisdom and exceptional insight, and very great understanding, even as the sand that is on the seashore.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
God gave Solomon wisdom-keen insight and a mind as limitless as the sand on the seashore.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea-shore.

New American Standard 1977
Now God gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and breadth of mind, like the sand that is on the seashore.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And God gave Solomon exceedingly great wisdom and intelligence and magnanimity of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.

King James 2000 Bible
And God gave Solomon wisdom and exceedingly great understanding, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the seashore.

American King James Version
And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.

American Standard Version
And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea-shore.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And God gave to Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart as the sand that is on the sea shore.

Darby Bible Translation
And God gave Solomon wisdom and very great understanding and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea-shore.

English Revised Version
And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.

Webster's Bible Translation
And God gave Solomon great wisdom and understanding, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea-shore.

World English Bible
God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and very great understanding, even as the sand that is on the seashore.

Young's Literal Translation
And God giveth wisdom to Solomon, and understanding, very much, and breadth of heart, as the sand that is on the edge of the sea;
Study Bible
Solomon's Wisdom
28They also brought barley and straw for the horses and swift steeds to the place where it should be, each according to his charge. 29Now God gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and breadth of mind, like the sand that is on the seashore. 30Solomon's wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the sons of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt.…
Cross References
1 Kings 3:12
behold, I have done according to your words. Behold, I have given you a wise and discerning heart, so that there has been no one like you before you, nor shall one like you arise after you.

1 Kings 4:20
Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand that is on the seashore in abundance; they were eating and drinking and rejoicing.

Psalm 119:32
I shall run the way of Your commandments, For You will enlarge my heart. He.

Daniel 2:21
"It is He who changes the times and the epochs; He removes kings and establishes kings; He gives wisdom to wise men And knowledge to men of understanding.
Treasury of Scripture

And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.

God

1 Kings 3:12,28 Behold, I have done according to your words: see, I have given you …

1 Kings 10:23,24 So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth for riches and for wisdom…

2 Chronicles 1:10-12 Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before …

Psalm 119:34 Give me understanding, and I shall keep your law; yes, I shall observe …

Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.

Ecclesiastes 1:16 I communed with my own heart, saying, See, I am come to great estate…

Ecclesiastes 2:26 For God gives to a man that is good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, …

James 1:5,17 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all …

James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, …

largeness

Isaiah 60:5 Then you shall see, and flow together, and your heart shall fear, …

as the sand

1 Kings 4:20 Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, …

Genesis 41:49 And Joseph gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until …

Judges 7:12 And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the …

Jeremiah 33:22 As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the …

Habakkuk 1:9 They shall come all for violence: their faces shall sup up as the …

(29) Wisdom and understanding . . . and largeness of heart.--In this passage, "understanding," which is high intellectual power, and "largeness of heart," which is clearly capacity of knowledge, boundless as "the sand on the sea-shore," are both distinguished from the higher gift of wisdom, to which they are but means--the one being the capacity of wisdom within, the other the education of that capacity from without, (a) Wisdom, in the true sense in which it is used in Scripture (especially in the Books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes), is properly the attribute of God, and then, by His gifts of revelation and inspiration, reflected in man. The "wisdom of God" (see, for example, Proverbs 8) is, in relation to man, His Divine purpose in the creation and government of the world, which all things work out. The "wisdom of man" is the knowledge of the true end and object of his own being--which if he fulfil not, it were better for him not to have been born--whether that object be called happiness or perfection. For such knowledge the Book of Ecclesiastes describes a vain search. Such knowledge, as found already, is embodied in the Proverbs; sometimes in the lowest sense of knowledge of what will conduce to our own happiness; sometimes in the higher knowledge of what will best serve man; most often in the supreme knowledge, how we may best do God's will and show forth His glory. (b) But, since the purpose of our own being cannot be discovered, if our life be regarded as isolated from the history of the world and from its great design, this wisdom in man is regarded as possible, only when he has some glimpse of the wisdom of God, as manifested to man in His visible Providence, in His declared law, and His special revelation to the soul. Hence, "the fear of the Lord" is its "beginning;" and faith in God is the supplement of its necessary imperfection. (c)It will be obvious that, even so considered, this desire for wisdom is more self-contained and self-conscious than "the thirst for God, even the living God," in which the soul of the Psalmist expresses absolute dependence on God. If the sense of the need of God's revelation and of the necessity of faith beyond knowledge be lost, then this consciousness of wisdom may well become a self-idolatry, in which the mind prides itself on having pierced to the secret of being, holds that by such knowledge it becomes superior to ordinary law and duty, and delights in philosophical contemplation, rather than in active energy and religious devotion.

Verse 29. - And God gave Solomon [in fulfilment of the promise of chap. 3:12] wisdom and understanding (חָכְמָה, wisdom, knowledge; תְּבוּנָה discernment, penetration. The historian, after describing the prosperity of the realm, proceeds to speak of the personal endowments of its head] and largeness of heart exceeding much [the Easterns speak of the heart where we should talk of head or intellect (1 Kings 3:9, 12; 1 Kings 10:24. Cf. Matthew 15:19; Ephesians 1:18 (Greek); Hebrews 4:12). The "large heart" is the ingenium capax, as Thenius. These different words indicate the variety and scope of his talents, in agreement with ver. 33] as the sand that is on the seashore. [Same expression in Genesis 22:17; Genesis 32:12; Genesis 41:49; Joshua 11:4; Judges 7:12, etc.] And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much,.... In things natural, moral, divine, and spiritual, and that not slight and superficial, but exceeding deep, and large beyond expression; and this he had not from the acuteness of his genius merely, nor from his industry and diligence; but by the gift of God, as whatsoever solid wisdom and understanding is in any man, it is from the liberal hand of God, the fountain of wisdom, James 1:5;

and largeness of heart, even as sand that is on the seashore; he had a genius and capacity to receive anything; his knowledge was vast and comprehensive; it reached to and included things innumerable, as the sand of the sea; there was scarce anything under the heavens, or on the earth, and in the sea, but came within the compass of it, as what are later mentioned show. 1Ki 4:29-34. His Wisdom.

29. God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart—that is, high powers of mind, great capacity for receieving, as well as aptitude for communicating knowledge.4:29-34 Solomon's wisdom was more his glory than his wealth. He had what is here called largeness of heart, for the heart is often put for the powers of the mind. He had the gift of utterance, as well as wisdom. It is very desirable, that those who have large gifts of any kind, should have large hearts to use them for the good of others. What treasures of wisdom and knowledge are lost! But every sort of knowledge that is needful for salvation is to be found in the holy Scriptures. There came persons from all parts, who were more eager after knowledge than their neighbours, to hear the wisdom of Solomon. Solomon was herein a type of Christ, in whom are hid all treasures of wisdom and knowledge; and hid for us, for he is made of God to us, wisdom. Christ's fame shall spread through all the earth, and men of all nations shall come to him, learn of him, and take upon them his easy yoke, and find rest for their souls.
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