1 Kings 4:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Solomon had twelve district governors over all Israel, who supplied provisions for the king and the royal household. Each one had to provide supplies for one month in the year.

New Living Translation
Solomon also had twelve district governors who were over all Israel. They were responsible for providing food for the king's household. Each of them arranged provisions for one month of the year.

English Standard Version
Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who provided food for the king and his household. Each man had to make provision for one month in the year.

New American Standard Bible
Solomon had twelve deputies over all Israel, who provided for the king and his household; each man had to provide for a month in the year.

King James Bible
And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Solomon had 12 deputies for all Israel. They provided food for the king and his household; each one made provision for one month out of the year.

International Standard Version
Solomon also appointed twelve governors over all of Israel, each of whom were responsible for providing one month's food provisions to the king and to his administration during each year.

NET Bible
Solomon had twelve district governors appointed throughout Israel who acquired supplies for the king and his palace. Each was responsible for one month in the year.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Solomon appointed 12 district governors in Israel. They were to provide food for the king and his palace. Each one had to supply food for one month every year.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who maintained the king and his household. Each one of them made provision for one month in the year.

King James 2000 Bible
And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who provided food for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.

American King James Version
And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.

American Standard Version
And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who provided victuals for the king and his household: each man had to make provision for a month in the year.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Solomon had twelve governors over all Israel, who provided victuals for the king and for his household: for every one provided necessaries, each man his month in the year.

Darby Bible Translation
And Solomon had twelve superintendents over all Israel; and they provided food for the king and his household: each man his month in the year had to make provision.

English Revised Version
And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man had to make provision for a month in the year:

Webster's Bible Translation
And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.

World English Bible
Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who provided food for the king and his household: each man had to make provision for a month in the year.

Young's Literal Translation
And Solomon hath twelve officers over all Israel, and they have sustained the king and his household -- a month in the year is on each one for sustenance;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:1-19 In the choice of the great officers of Solomon's court, no doubt, his wisdom appeared. Several are the same that were in his father's time. A plan was settled by which no part of the country was exhausted to supply his court, though each sent its portion.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 7. - And Solomon had twelve officers [lit., persons "placed" or "set over" others, i.e., superintendents. The term is used of Doeg (1 Samuel 22:9). They were twelve, not because of the twelve tribes, but the twelve months] over all Israel, which provided victuals for [Heb. nourished] the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision [lit., a month in the year it was (i.e., devolved) upon each to nourish. It has been thought by some that these superintendents were also governors of provinces (ἡΓενισισόνες καὶ σταηγοί, Jos. Ant. 8:2, 3), as well as purveyors. But of this nothing is said in the text. Their principal function was to collect the royal dues or taxes which were evidently paid, as they still are in the East, in kind].

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel,.... Not with respect to the twelve tribes of Israel, for it does not appear that they had each of them a tribe under them, but some particular places in a tribe; but with respect to the twelve months of the year, in which each took his turn:

which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision; furnished food of all sorts out of the country in which they presided for the space of one month in a year; by which means there was always a plenty of provisions at court for the king's family, and for all strangers that came and went, and no one part of the land was burdened or drained, nor the price of provisions raised; these seem to be the twelve "phylarchi", or governors of tribes, Eupolemus (r), an Heathen writer, speaks of, before whom, and the high priest, David delivered the kingdom to Solomon; though in that he was mistaken, that they were in being then, since these were officers of Solomon's creating.

(r) Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 30.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

1Ki 4:7-21. His Twelve Officers.

7. Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel—The royal revenues were raised according to the ancient, and still, in many parts, existing usage of the East, not in money payments, but in the produce of the soil. There would be always a considerable difficulty in the collection and transmission of these tithes (1Sa 8:15). Therefore, to facilitate the work, Solomon appointed twelve officers, who had each the charge of a tribe or particular district of country, from which, in monthly rotation, the supplies for the maintenance of the king's household were drawn, having first been deposited in "the store cities" which were erected for their reception (1Ki 9:19; 2Ch 8:4, 6).

1 Kings 4:7 Additional Commentaries
Context
Solomon's Twelve Officers
7Solomon had twelve deputies over all Israel, who provided for the king and his household; each man had to provide for a month in the year. 8These are their names: Ben-hur, in the hill country of Ephraim;…
Cross References
1 Kings 4:5
Azariah son of Nathan--in charge of the district governors; Zabud son of Nathan--a priest and adviser to the king;

1 Kings 4:6
Ahishar--palace administrator; Adoniram son of Abda--in charge of forced labor.

1 Kings 4:8
These are their names: Ben-Hur--in the hill country of Ephraim;

1 Kings 12:4
"Your father put a heavy yoke on us, but now lighten the harsh labor and the heavy yoke he put on us, and we will serve you."
Treasury of Scripture

And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.

officers These are doubtless to be considered as general receivers; for, as Sir John Chardin observes, `the revenues of the princes of the East are paid in the fruits and productions of the earth: there are no other taxes on the peasants.'

each man

1 Chronicles 27:1-15 Now the children of Israel after their number, to wit, the chief …

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Alphabetical: a all also and deputies district Each for governors had his household in Israel king man month one over provide provided provisions royal Solomon supplied supplies the to twelve who year

OT History: 1 Kings 4:7 Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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