1 Kings 4:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The people of Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand on the seashore; they ate, they drank and they were happy.

New Living Translation
The people of Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They were very contented, with plenty to eat and drink.

English Standard Version
Judah and Israel were as many as the sand by the sea. They ate and drank and were happy.

New American Standard Bible
Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand that is on the seashore in abundance; they were eating and drinking and rejoicing.

King James Bible
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand by the sea; they were eating, drinking, and rejoicing.

International Standard Version
Judah and Israel became as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They enjoyed abundance, and ate, drank, and rejoiced regularly.

NET Bible
The people of Judah and Israel were as innumerable as the sand on the seashore; they had plenty to eat and drink and were happy.

New Heart English Bible
Judah and Israel were many as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The people of Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They ate and drank and lived happily.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

New American Standard 1977
Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand that is on the seashore in abundance; they were eating and drinking and rejoicing.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

King James 2000 Bible
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and rejoicing.

American King James Version
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

American Standard Version
Judah and Israel were many as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Juda and Israel were innumerable, as the sand of the sea in multitude: eating and drinking, and rejoicing.

Darby Bible Translation
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

English Revised Version
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

Webster's Bible Translation
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

World English Bible
Judah and Israel were many as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

Young's Literal Translation
Judah and Israel are many, as the sand that is by the sea for multitude, eating and drinking and rejoicing.
Study Bible
Solomon's Wealth
19Geber the son of Uri, in the land of Gilead, the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and of Og king of Bashan; and he was the only deputy who was in the land. 20Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand that is on the seashore in abundance; they were eating and drinking and rejoicing. 21Now Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms from the River to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt; they brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life.…
Cross References
Genesis 22:17
indeed I will greatly bless you, and I will greatly multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your seed shall possess the gate of their enemies.

Genesis 32:12
"For You said, 'I will surely prosper you and make your descendants as the sand of the sea, which is too great to be numbered.'"

1 Kings 3:8
"Your servant is in the midst of Your people which You have chosen, a great people who are too many to be numbered or counted.

1 Kings 4:29
Now God gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and breadth of mind, like the sand that is on the seashore.

2 Kings 18:31
'Do not listen to Hezekiah, for thus says the king of Assyria, "Make your peace with me and come out to me, and eat each of his vine and each of his fig tree and drink each of the waters of his own cistern,

1 Chronicles 22:9
'Behold, a son will be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies on every side; for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quiet to Israel in his days.
Treasury of Scripture

Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

as the sand

1 Kings 3:8 And your servant is in the middle of your people which you have chosen, …

Genesis 13:16 And I will make your seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a …

Genesis 15:5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, …

Genesis 22:17 That in blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying I will multiply …

Proverbs 14:28 In the multitude of people is the king's honor: but in the want of …

eating

1 Samuel 30:16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad …

1 Chronicles 12:39 And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for …

Job 1:18 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said…

Psalm 72:3-7 The mountains shall bring peace to the people, and the little hills, …

Ecclesiastes 2:24 There is nothing better for a man, than that he should eat and drink, …

Isaiah 22:13 And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating …

Micah 4:4 But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; …

Zechariah 3:10 In that day, said the LORD of hosts, shall you call every man his …

Zechariah 9:15 The LORD of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour, and subdue …

Acts 2:46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking …

(20) Were many.--The description of the condition of the people here and in 1Kings 4:25, as multiplied in numbers, and living in festivity and peace, is evidently designed to specify not only their general prosperity and wealth, but also the fact noticed in 1Kings 9:20-22, that at this time they were a dominant race, relieved from all burden of labour, and ruling over the subject races, now reduced to complete subjection and serfship. (That it was otherwise hereafter is clear from the complaints to Rehoboam in 1Kings 12:4.) Now, for the first time, did Israel enter on full possession of the territory promised in the days of the Conquest (Joshua 1:4), and so into the complete fulfilment of the promise to Abraham, alluded to in the words, "many as the sand which is by the sea in multitude" (Genesis 22:17).

Verse 20. - Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude [a reminiscence of Genesis 13:16; Genesis 22:17; Genesis 32:12 (cf. ch. 3:8). In the reign of Solomon these promises had their fulfilment], eating and drinking, and making merry. [Cf. 1 Samuel 30:16. The Hebrew here begins a new chapter. The LXX. omits vers. 20, 21, 25, 26, and places vers. 27, 28, "and those officers," etc., after the list of prefects, ver. 19.] Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude,.... Being blessed with great fruitfulness in their families, and having no pestilential disease among them, nor wars to lessen their number, and so the promise to Abraham was fulfilled, Genesis 22:17; and which was an emblem of Christ's spiritual subjects, especially in the latter day, whom Solomon was a type of, see Hosea 1:10;

eating, and drinking, and making merry; having a large increase of the fruits of the earth, and in no fear of any enemies; expressive of the spiritual joy of believers in the kingdom of Christ, and under the word and ordinances, Sol 2:3.4:20-28 Never did the crown of Israel shine so bright, as when Solomon wore it. He had peace on all sides. Herein, his kingdom was a type of the Messiah's; for to Him it is promised that he shall have the heathen for his inheritance, and that princes shall worship him. The spiritual peace, and joy, and holy security, of all the faithful subjects of the Lord Jesus, were typified by that of Israel. The kingdom of God is not, as Solomon's was, meat and drink, but, what is infinitely better, righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. The vast number of his attendants, and the great resort to him, are shown by the provision daily made. Herein Christ far outdoes Solomon, that he feeds all his subjects, not with the bread that perishes, but with that which endures to eternal life.
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