1 Kings 4:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Azariah son of Nathan--in charge of the district governors; Zabud son of Nathan--a priest and adviser to the king;

New Living Translation
Azariah son of Nathan was in charge of the district governors. Zabud son of Nathan, a priest, was a trusted adviser to the king.

English Standard Version
Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; Zabud the son of Nathan was priest and king’s friend;

New American Standard Bible
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the deputies; and Zabud the son of Nathan, a priest, was the king's friend;

King James Bible
And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Azariah son of Nathan, in charge of the deputies; Zabud son of Nathan, a priest and adviser to the king;

International Standard Version
Nathan's son Azariah supervised the governors, Nathan's son Zabud the priest was the king's counselor,

NET Bible
Azariah son of Nathan was supervisor of the district governors. Zabud son of Nathan was a priest and adviser to the king.

New Heart English Bible
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, the king's friend;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[Azariah], son of Nathan, was in charge of the district governors. [Zabud], son of Nathan, was the king's adviser.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister and the king's friend;

New American Standard 1977
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the deputies; and Zabud the son of Nathan, a priest, was the king’s friend;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Azariah, the son of Nathan, was over the officers; and Zabud, the son of Nathan, was the priest and special companion of the king;

King James 2000 Bible
And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was priest, and the king's friend:

American King James Version
And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

American Standard Version
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, and the king's friend;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Azarias the son of Nathan, over them that were about the king: Zabud, the son of Nathan the priest, the king's friend:

Darby Bible Translation
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the superintendents; and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, the king's friend;

English Revised Version
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was priest, and the king's friend;

Webster's Bible Translation
And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

World English Bible
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, [and] the king's friend;

Young's Literal Translation
and Azariah son of Nathan is over the officers; and Zabud son of Nathan is minister, friend of the king;
Study Bible
Solomon's Princes
4and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the army; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests; 5and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the deputies; and Zabud the son of Nathan, a priest, was the king's friend; 6and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to forced labor.…
Cross References
1 Kings 4:6
and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to forced labor.

1 Kings 4:7
Solomon had twelve deputies over all Israel, who provided for the king and his household; each man had to provide for a month in the year.
Treasury of Scripture

And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

son of Nathan

1 Kings 1:10 But Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon …

2 Samuel 7:2 That the king said to Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an …

2 Samuel 12:1-15,25 And the LORD sent Nathan to David. And he came to him, and said to …

the officers

1 Kings 4:7 And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals …

the principal

2 Samuel 8:18 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and …

2 Samuel 20:26 And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.

the king's

2 Samuel 15:37 So Hushai David's friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.

2 Samuel 16:16 And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David's friend, was …

2 Samuel 19:37,38 Let your servant, I pray you, turn back again, that I may die in …

1 Chronicles 27:33 And Ahithophel was the king's counselor: and Hushai the Archite was …

Proverbs 22:11 He that loves pureness of heart, for the grace of his lips the king …

John 13:23 Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

John 15:14,15 You are my friends, if you do whatever I command you…

James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which said, Abraham believed God, …

(5) Son of Nathan.--Probably Nathan, son of David, and own brother of Solomon (1Chronicles 3:5), is here intended; for the title Cohen, here given to Zabud, is expressly ascribed in 2Samuel 8:18 to the "sons of David;" and Nathan the prophet always has his title, "the prophet," appended to his name wherever first mentioned in this book. (See 1Kings 1:8; 1Kings 1:10; 1Kings 1:22; 1Kings 1:32, &c.)

Azariah is the "chief of the officers"--that is, chief over the twelve officers mentioned below (1Kings 4:7-19)--living, however, at Court.

Zabud, besides the title of Cohen, has that of "the king's friend," previously given to Hushai (2Samuel 15:37; 2Samuel 16:16), and apparently indicating special intimacy and wisdom as a "privy counsellor."

Verse 5. - And Azariah the son of Nathan [Azariah was clearly not an uncommon name (ver. 2, and cf. 1 Chronicles 2:39; 5:36-40 Hebrews; A.V. 1 Chronicles 6:9-14), especially in the high priest's family. Keil and Bahr pronounce somewhat positively that this Nathan is not the prophet of that name, but Nathan the son of David (2 Samuel 5:14; Luke 3:31). It is quite impossible to decide with certainty which is meant, if either, though Zechariah 12:12 undoubtedly favours the supposition that the latter is here intended] was over the officers [the twelve prefects mentioned in vers. 7 sqq.]: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer [Heb. priest, Vulg. sacerdos. Singularly, as before, the LXX. (Vat.) omits the word. The expression can hardly mean "the son of Nathan the priest," but it may either signify that "Zabud ben Nathan, a priest, was king's friend," or that (as in the A. V.) he was a priest and king's friend. But the former is every way preferable. I find it easier to believe that the true import of 2 Samuel 8:18 the passage which is cited (sometimes along with 2 Samuel 20:26, where the LXX., however, has ἱερεύς) to prove that there were secular "priests" - is not yet understood, than to hold (with Gesenius, Ewald, etc.), that there were sacrificing priests who were not of the sons of Aaron (cf. 2 Chronicles 26:18), or that the word כּהֵן, the meaning of which was thoroughly fixed and understood, can have been familiarly applied, except in the strictly conventional way already indicated, to lay persons], and [omit] the king's friend. ["This appears to have been now a recognized office (2 Samuel 15:37; 2 Samuel 16:16; 1 Chronicles 27:33)," Rawlinson.] And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers,.... The twelve officers who provided food for Solomon's household after mentioned:

and Zabud the son of Nathan; another of the sons of Nathan the prophet: for he being a principal instrument of settling Solomon on the throne, had interest enough to promote his sons to the chief places of honour and trust: and this here

was principal officer, and the king's friend; a chief minister about him, very intimate with him, that kept him company, privately conversed with him, was in his secrets, and admitted to great privacy and nearness to him. 5. over the officers—that is, the provincial governors enumerated in 1Ki 4:17-19.

principal officer, and the king's friend—perhaps president of the privy council, and Solomon's confidential friend or favorite. This high functionary had probably been reared along with Solomon. That he should heap those honors on the sons of Nathan was most natural, considering the close intimacy of the father with the late king, and the deep obligations under which Solomon personally lay to the prophet.4:1-19 In the choice of the great officers of Solomon's court, no doubt, his wisdom appeared. Several are the same that were in his father's time. A plan was settled by which no part of the country was exhausted to supply his court, though each sent its portion.
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Adviser Authority Azariah Azari'ah Charge Chief Country Deputies Different District Divisions Friend King's Minister Nathan Officer Officers Personal Priest Principal s Superintendents
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OT History: 1 Kings 4:5 And Azariah the son of Nathan was (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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