1 Samuel 23:28
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New International Version
Then Saul broke off his pursuit of David and went to meet the Philistines. That is why they call this place Sela Hammahlekoth.

New Living Translation
So Saul quit chasing David and returned to fight the Philistines. Ever since that time, the place where David was camped has been called the Rock of Escape.

English Standard Version
So Saul returned from pursuing after David and went against the Philistines. Therefore that place was called the Rock of Escape.

Berean Study Bible
So Saul broke off his pursuit of David and went to meet the Philistines. That is why that place is called the Rock of Escape.

New American Standard Bible
So Saul returned from pursuing David and went to meet the Philistines; therefore they called that place the Rock of Escape.

King James Bible
Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth.

Christian Standard Bible
So Saul broke off his pursuit of David and went to engage the Philistines. Therefore, that place was named the Rock of Separation.

Contemporary English Version
Saul stopped going after David and went back to fight the Philistines. That's why the place is called "Escape Rock."

Good News Translation
So Saul stopped pursuing David and went to fight the Philistines. That is why that place is called Separation Hill.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Saul broke off his pursuit of David and went to engage the Philistines. Therefore, that place was named the Rock of Separation.

International Standard Version
So Saul turned around from pursuing David and went to meet the Philistines. Therefore, they call that place the Rock of Escape.

NET Bible
So Saul stopped pursuing David and went to confront the Philistines. Therefore that place is called Sela Hammahlekoth.

New Heart English Bible
So Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines. Therefore they called that place Rock of Divisions.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Saul gave up pursuing David and went to fight the Philistines. So that place was called Slippery Rock.

JPS Tanakh 1917
So Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines; therefore they called that place Sela-hammahlekoth.

New American Standard 1977
So Saul returned from pursuing David, and went to meet the Philistines; therefore they called that place the Rock of Escape.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Saul returned, therefore, from pursuing after David and went against the Philistines. For this reason they called that place Selahammahlekoth. {Heb. the rock of divisions}

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth.

American King James Version
Why Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth.

American Standard Version
So Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Sela-hammahlekoth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wherefore Saul returned, leaving the pursuit of David, and went to meet the Philistines. For this cause they called that place, the Rock of division.

Darby Bible Translation
And Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines; therefore they called that place Sela-hammahlekoth.

English Revised Version
So Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Sela-hammahlekoth.

Webster's Bible Translation
Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Sela-hammah-lekoth.

World English Bible
So Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Sela Hammahlekoth.

Young's Literal Translation
And Saul turneth back from pursuing after David, and goeth to meet the Philistines, therefore they have called that place 'The Rock of Divisions.'
Study Bible
Saul Pursues David
27Then a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Come quickly, for the Philistines have raided the land!” 28So Saul broke off his pursuit of David and went to meet the Philistines. That is why that place is called the Rock of Escape. 29And David went up from there and lived in the strongholds of En-gedi.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 23:27
Then a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Come quickly, for the Philistines have raided the land!”

1 Samuel 23:29
And David went up from there and lived in the strongholds of En-gedi.

1 Samuel 24:1
After Saul had returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “David is in the wilderness of En-gedi.”

Treasury of Scripture

Why Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth.

Sela-hammahlekoth. that is, the rock of divisions. Because, says the Targum, `the heart of the king was divided to go hither and thither.' Here Saul was obliged to separate himself from David, in order to go and oppose the invading Philistines; which deliverance of David was of such a nature as made the Divine interposition fully visible.







(28) Sela-hammahlekoth.--Literally, as in the margin of our Bibles, the rock (or, still better, the cliff) of divisions. Other scholars, with greater reason, prefer the derivation from a Hebrew word signifying to be smooth--the cliff of smoothness: that is, of slipping away or escaping. Ewald rather fancifully interprets the term as the "Cliff of Destiny or of Fate."

Therefore Saul returned from pursuing after David,.... Stopped short at once, as soon as ever he received the message:

and went against the Philistines; to stop them in their progress, and drive them out of his country:

therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth, which signifies the rock of divisions. David and his men, very probably, gave it this name, not only because it divided between Saul and his men, and David and his men, when they were one on one side of it, and the other on the other side of it; but because Saul was, by the providence of God, divided and separated from David here, whereby he escaped falling into his hands. The Targum is,"therefore they called that place the rock of division, the place where the heart of the king was divided to go here and there:''he was divided in his own mind, and at a loss what to do; he was in two minds, as Jarchi says, and did not know which to follow, whether to return and deliver his country from the hands of the Philistines, or to pursue and take David; and others represent the soldiers of Saul as divided, some saying that since the son of Jesse was just falling into their hands, they should not leave him; others, that the war of Israel should be regarded before him, who might be found at any time (u).

(u) Midrash apud Yalkut in loc. 23:19-29 In the midst of his wickedness, Saul affected to speak the language of piety. Such expressions, without suitable effects, can only amuse or deceive those who hear, and those who use them. This mountain was an emblem of the Divine Providence coming between David and the destroyer. Let us not be dismayed at the prospect of future difficulties, but stay ourselves upon Him who is wonderful in counsel and excellent in working. Sooner than his promise shall fail, he will commission Philistines to effect our escape, at the very moment when our case appears most desperate. God requires entire dependence on him, If ye will not believe, surely ye shall not be established, Isa 7:9.



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Alphabetical: and broke call called David Escape from Hammahlekoth his is meet of off Philistines place pursuing pursuit returned Rock Saul Sela So That the Then therefore they this to went why

OT History: 1 Samuel 23:28 So Saul returned from pursuing after David (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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