1 Samuel 23:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When David was told, "Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are looting the threshing floors,"

New Living Translation
One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors.

English Standard Version
Now they told David, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are robbing the threshing floors.”

New American Standard Bible
Then they told David, saying, "Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are plundering the threshing floors."

King James Bible
Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
It was reported to David: "Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and raiding the threshing floors."

International Standard Version
Someone told David, "Look, the Philistines are fighting at Keilah and are plundering the threshing floors."

NET Bible
They told David, "The Philistines are fighting in Keilah and are looting the threshing floors."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
David was asked, "Did you know that the Philistines are fighting against Keilah? They are robbing the threshing floors."

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors.

King James 2000 Bible
Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshing floors.

American King James Version
Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshing floors.

American Standard Version
And they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are robbing the threshing-floors.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they told David, saying: Behold the Philistines fight against Ceila, and they rob the barns.

Darby Bible Translation
And they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshing-floors.

English Revised Version
And they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they rob the threshing-floors.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshing-floors.

World English Bible
David was told, "Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are robbing the threshing floors."

Young's Literal Translation
And they declare to David, saying, 'Lo, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are spoiling the threshing-floors.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:1-6 When princes persecute God's people, let them expect vexation on all sides. The way for any country to be quiet, is to let God's church be quiet in it: if Saul fight against David, the Philistines fight against his country. David considered himself the protector of the land. Thus did the Saviour Jesus, and left us an example. Those are unlike David, who sullenly decline to do good, if they are not rewarded for services.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - They told David, etc. The return of David into his own land was quickly followed by exploits which not only increased his power, but turned the eyes of all the people towards him as their protector. His first success was the deliverance of the city of Keilah from a body of Philistines who were plundering it of the produce of its harvest. This place lay a few miles south of the stronghold of Adullam, and itself occupied a defensible position, being perched on a steep hill overlooking the valley of Elah, not far from the thickets of Hareth (Condor, 'Tent Work,' 2:88). Being thus at no great distance from the Philistine border, a band of men started thence on a foray for the purpose of robbing the threshing floors. As no rain falls in Palestine in the harvest season (1 Samuel 12:17), the corn is threshed out in the open air by a heavy wooden sledge made of two boards, and curved up in front, with pieces of basalt inserted for teeth, drawn over it by horses, or it is trampled out by cattle. Conder ('Tent Work,' 2:259) describes the threshing floor as "a broad flat space on open ground, generally high. Sometimes the floor is on a flat rocky hill top, and occasionally it is in an open valley, down which there is a current of air; but it is always situated where most wind can be found, because at the threshing season high winds never occur, and the grain is safely stored before the autumn storms commence." As the grain after winnowing is made into heaps until it can be carried home, there is always a period when the threshing floors have to be watched to guard them from depredation, and this was the time chosen by the Philistines for a foray in force.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Then they told David,.... Either the men of Keilah sent to him, being near them, or some well wishers of theirs, and of their country, acquainted him with their case:

saying, behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah; had laid siege to it, being a fortified place, 1 Samuel 23:7; it was a city in the tribe of Judah, on the borders of the Philistines; of which See Gill on Joshua 15:44,

and they rob the threshing floors; took away the corn upon them, which they were threshing and winnowing, which were usually done without the city for the sake of wind, see Judges 6:11; it was harvest time when the three mighty men came to David in the cave of Adullam, and so now it might be the time of threshing, harvest being over, see 1 Samuel 22:1; compared with 2 Samuel 23:13.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 23

1Sa 23:1-6. David Rescues Keilah.

1. Then they told David—rather, "now they had told"; for this information had reached him previous to his hearing (1Sa 23:6) of the Nob tragedy.

Keilah—a city in the west of Judah (Jos 15:44), not far from the forest of Hareth.

and they rob the threshing-floors—These were commonly situated on the fields and were open to the wind (Jud 6:11; Ru 3:2).

1 Samuel 23:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
David Delivers Keilah
1Then they told David, saying, "Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are plundering the threshing floors." 2So David inquired of the LORD, saying, "Shall I go and attack these Philistines?" And the LORD said to David, "Go and attack the Philistines and deliver Keilah."…
Cross References
Joshua 15:44
Keilah, Akzib and Mareshah--nine towns and their villages.

Nehemiah 3:17
Next to him, the repairs were made by the Levites under Rehum son of Bani. Beside him, Hashabiah, ruler of half the district of Keilah, carried out repairs for his district.

Nehemiah 3:18
Next to him, the repairs were made by their fellow Levites under Binnui son of Henadad, ruler of the other half-district of Keilah.

Daniel 2:35
Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were all broken to pieces and became like chaff on a threshing floor in the summer. The wind swept them away without leaving a trace. But the rock that struck the statue became a huge mountain and filled the whole earth.
Treasury of Scripture

Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshing floors.

Keilah Keilah was a city of Judah, situated, according to Eusebius, eight miles from Eleutheropolis, towards Hebron. Sozomen says that the prophet Habakkuk's tomb was shew there

Joshua 15:44 And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:

Nehemiah 3:17,18 After him repaired the Levites, Rehum the son of Bani. Next to him …

rob the

Leviticus 26:16 I also will do this to you; I will even appoint over you terror, …

Deuteronomy 28:33,51 The fruit of your land, and all your labors, shall a nation which …

Judges 6:4,11 And they encamped against them, and destroyed the increase of the …

Micah 6:15 You shall sow, but you shall not reap; you shall tread the olives, …

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