Job 8:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They are like a well-watered plant in the sunshine, spreading its shoots over the garden;

New Living Translation
The godless seem like a lush plant growing in the sunshine, its branches spreading across the garden.

English Standard Version
He is a lush plant before the sun, and his shoots spread over his garden.

New American Standard Bible
"He thrives before the sun, And his shoots spread out over his garden.

King James Bible
He is green before the sun, and his branch shooteth forth in his garden.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He is a well-watered plant in the sunshine; his shoots spread out over his garden.

International Standard Version
He is a fresh sapling planted in the sunlight, spreading out its branches over its garden.

NET Bible
He is a well-watered plant in the sun, its shoots spread over its garden.

New Heart English Bible
He is green before the sun. His shoots go forth over his garden.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He is like a well-watered plant in the sunshine. The shoots spread over his garden.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He is green before the sun, And his shoots go forth over his garden.

New American Standard 1977
“He thrives before the sun,
            And his shoots spread out over his garden.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Like a tree, he is green before the sun, and his branches go forth over his garden;

King James 2000 Bible
He grows green in the sun, and his branch shoots forth in his garden.

American King James Version
He is green before the sun, and his branch shoots forth in his garden.

American Standard Version
He is green before the sun, And his shoots go forth over his garden.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He seemeth to have moisture before the sun cometh, and at his rising his blossom shall shoot forth.

Darby Bible Translation
He is full of sap before the sun, and his sprout shooteth forth over his garden;

English Revised Version
He is green before the sun, and his shoots go forth over his garden.

Webster's Bible Translation
He is green before the sun, and his branch shooteth forth in his garden.

World English Bible
He is green before the sun. His shoots go forth over his garden.

Young's Literal Translation
Green he is before the sun, And over his garden his branch goeth out.
Study Bible
Bildad: Job Should Repent
15"He trusts in his house, but it does not stand; He holds fast to it, but it does not endure. 16"He thrives before the sun, And his shoots spread out over his garden. 17"His roots wrap around a rock pile, He grasps a house of stones.…
Cross References
Job 8:17
"His roots wrap around a rock pile, He grasps a house of stones.

Psalm 37:35
I have seen a wicked, violent man Spreading himself like a luxuriant tree in its native soil.

Psalm 80:11
It was sending out its branches to the sea And its shoots to the River.

Jeremiah 11:16
The LORD called your name, "A green olive tree, beautiful in fruit and form"; With the noise of a great tumult He has kindled fire on it, And its branches are worthless.
Treasury of Scripture

He is green before the sun, and his branch shoots forth in his garden.

green

Job 21:7-15 Why do the wicked live, become old, yes, are mighty in power…

Psalm 37:35,36 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like …

Psalm 73:3-12 For I was envious at the foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the wicked…

his branch

Job 5:3 I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.

(16) He is green.--Here begins, as we understand it, another and an opposite picture, which fact is marked in the Hebrew by an emphatic pronoun. "Green is he (see Job 8:6) before the sun, &c., quite unlike the watery paper-plant. This man is verdant and luxuriant, not in the midst of moisture, but even before the sun." There is not the same promise of verdure, but a greater realisation of it.

Verse 16. - He is green before the sun. Bildad here introduces a third and more elaborate simile. The hypocrite, or ungodly man (ver. 13), is as a gourd (Jonah 4:6), or other rapidly growing plant, which shoots forth at sunrise with a wealth of greenery, spreading itself over a whole garden, and even sending forth its sprays and tendrils beyond it (comp. Genesis 49:22) - lovely to look at, and full, apparently, of life and vigour. And his branch shooteth forth in his garden; rather, over his garden, or beyond his, garden. He is green before the sun,.... Which some understand of the rush or flag, of which a further account is given, as setting forth more fully the case of wicked men and hypocrites; but to either of these do not agree the situation of it in a garden, the shooting forth of its branches, and the height of it, and its striking its roots deep in stony places: Cocceius interprets it of the "herb" or grass before which the flag withers, Job 8:12; but the same objections, or most of them, lie against that also; rather, from the description of it, a tall large tree is designed, to which hypocrites in their most flourishing circumstances are compared, and yet come to nothing, Psalm 37:35; that is "green" in its leaves, and looks beautiful, so they in a profession of religion, which is like green leaves without fruit; they make in it a fair show in the flesh, take up and him the lamp of a profession, and retain it bright and fair for a time; or, like a tree full of sap, or "juicy" (i); or, as Mr. Broughton renders it, "juiceful"; denoting, not a fulness of the spirit and his grace, or of faith, hope, love, &c. and of righteousness and goodness, but of, outward prosperity, having as much as heart could wish, and great plenty of good things laid up for many years: and this tree is said to be green and juicy "before the sun"; either in the presence and through the influence of it, as hypocrites flourish, even in a religious way, while the sun of prosperity shines upon them, and no longer; or openly and publicly, in the sight of all men, as this phrase is used, 2 Samuel 12:11; and as such men do, in the view of all men, professors and profane, doing all they do to be seen of men, and before whom they are outwardly righteous, and reckoned good men; or, "before the sun" rises, as the Targum and Aben Ezra, so hypocrites flourish, before the sun of persecution arises and smites them, because of their profession, and then they drop it; see Matthew 13:6,

and his branch shooteth forth in his garden; or "over" (k) it; and branch may be put branches, which in a flourishing tree spread themselves to cover a considerable piece of ground: Mr. Broughton renders it, "and his suckers sprout over his orchard"; all which may denote the increase of a wicked man, in his family, in his wealth and substance, and particularly in his posterity, which are as branches and suckers from him; and Bildad, if these are his own words, may have respect to Job, and to his large substance and number of children he had in his prosperity, when he had an hedge set about him, and was enclosed as in a garden: and whereas the church of God is sometimes compared to a garden, Sol 4:12; it agrees very well with hypocrites, who have a place there, and are called hypocrites in Sion, where they have a name, and flourish for a while: many interpreters, both Jewish (l) and Christian (m), interpret this, and what follows, of truly righteous and good men under afflictive providences, who notwithstanding continue, and are not the worse, but the better for them; their leaf of profession is always green, and withers not; and that "before the sun", even of adversity and affliction; and though that beats upon them, and smites them severely, they are like green olive trees, or the cedars of God, full of sap, full of the grace of God, and continually supplied with it; and so patiently endure temptation and affliction, bear the heat and burden of the day, and are not careful in the year of drought; see Sol 1:6; such are planted in the garden and house of the Lord by himself and shall never be rooted up; where their branches spread, and they grow in grace, and in the knowledge of all divine things, and are filled with the fruits of righteousness.

(i) "succosus", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Schultens; "viridis quidem et succi plenus", Michaelis. (k) "supra", Junius & Tremellius, Mercerus, Codurcus; "super", Montanus, Piscator, Schmidt, Schultens. (l) Saadiah Caon, R. Levi, Ben Gersom. (m) Vatablus, Beza, Diodati, Cocceius, Gussetius, p. 247. 16. before the sun—that is, he (the godless) is green only before the sun rises; but he cannot bear its heat, and withers. So succulent plants like the gourd (Jon 4:7, 8). But the widespreading in the garden does not quite accord with this. Better, "in sunshine"; the sun representing the smiling fortune of the hypocrite, during which he wondrously progresses [Umbreit]. The image is that of weeds growing in rank luxuriance and spreading over even heaps of stones and walls, and then being speedily torn away.8:8-19 Bildad discourses well of hypocrites and evil-doers, and the fatal end of all their hopes and joys. He proves this truth of the destruction of the hopes and joys of hypocrites, by an appeal to former times. Bildad refers to the testimony of the ancients. Those teach best that utter words out of their heart, that speak from an experience of spiritual and divine things. A rush growing in fenny ground, looking very green, but withering in dry weather, represents the hypocrite's profession, which is maintained only in times of prosperity. The spider's web, spun with great skill, but easily swept away, represents a man's pretensions to religion when without the grace of God in his heart. A formal professor flatters himself in his own eyes, doubts not of his salvation, is secure, and cheats the world with his vain confidences. The flourishing of the tree, planted in the garden, striking root to the rock, yet after a time cut down and thrown aside, represents wicked men, when most firmly established, suddenly thrown down and forgotten. This doctrine of the vanity of a hypocrite's confidence, or the prosperity of a wicked man, is sound; but it was not applicable to the case of Job, if confined to the present world.
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