Genesis 49:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine near a spring, whose branches climb over a wall.

New Living Translation
"Joseph is the foal of a wild donkey, the foal of a wild donkey at a spring--one of the wild donkeys on the ridge.

English Standard Version
“Joseph is a fruitful bough, a fruitful bough by a spring; his branches run over the wall.

New American Standard Bible
"Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a spring; Its branches run over a wall.

King James Bible
Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine beside a spring; its branches climb over the wall.

International Standard Version
"Joseph is descended from a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine planted near springs of water. His branches climb over walls.

NET Bible
Joseph is a fruitful bough, a fruitful bough near a spring whose branches climb over the wall.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"[Joseph] is a fruitful tree, a fruitful tree by a spring, with branches climbing over a wall.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a fountain, whose daughters run over the wall.

King James 2000 Bible
Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall:

American King James Version
Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall:

American Standard Version
Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a fountain; His branches run over the wall.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Joseph is a growing son, a growing son and comely to behold; the daughters run to and fro upon the wall.

Darby Bible Translation
Joseph is a fruitful bough; A fruitful bough by a well; [His] branches shoot over the wall.

English Revised Version
Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a fountain; His branches run over the wall.

Webster's Bible Translation
Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall:

World English Bible
"Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine by a spring. His branches run over the wall.

Young's Literal Translation
Joseph is a fruitful son; A fruitful son by a fountain, Daughters step over the wall;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

49:22-27 The blessing of Joseph is very full. What Jacob says of him, is history as well as prophecy. Jacob reminds him of the difficulties and fiery darts of temptations he had formerly struggled through. His faith did not fail, but through his trials he bore all his burdens with firmness, and did not do anything unbecoming. All our strength for resisting temptations, and bearing afflictions, comes from God; his grace is sufficient. Joseph became the shepherd of Israel, to take care of his father and family; also the stone of Israel, their foundation and strong support. In this, as in many other things, Joseph was a remarkable type of the Good Shepherd, and tried Corner Stone of the whole church of God. Blessings are promised to Joseph's posterity, typical of the vast and everlasting blessings which come upon the spiritual seed of Christ. Jacob blessed all his sons, but especially Joseph, who was separated from his brethren. Not only separated in Egypt, but, possessing eminent dignity, and more devoted to God. Of Benjamin it is said, He shall ravin as a wolf. Jacob was guided in what he said by the Spirit of prophecy, and not by natural affection; else he would have spoken with more tenderness of his beloved son Benjamin. Concerning him he only foresees and foretells, that his posterity should be a warlike tribe, strong and daring, and that they should enrich themselves with the spoils of their enemies; that they should be active. Blessed Paul was of this tribe, Ro 11:1; Php 3:5; he, in the morning of his day, devoured the prey as a persecutor, but in the evening divided the spoils as a preacher; he shared the blessings of Judah's Lion, and assisted in his victories.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 22-26. - Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall - literally, son of a fruit tree, Joseph; son o/a fruit tree at the well; daughters run (each one of them: vide Gesenius, 'Grammar,' § 146, 4) over the wall. The structure of the clauses, the order of the words, the repetition of the thoughts, supply a glimpse into the fond emotion with which the aged prophet approached the blessing of his beloved son Joseph. Under the image of a fruit tree, probably a vine, as in Psalm 80, planted by a well, whence it draws forth necessary moisture, and, sending forth its young twigs or offshoots over the supporting walls, he pictures the fruitfulness and prosperity which should afterwards attend the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, as the twofold representative of Joseph, with perhaps a backward glance at the service which Joseph had performed in Egypt by gathering up and dispensing the produce of the land for the salvation of his family and people. The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him - literally, they provoked him, and shot at, and laid snares for him, masters of arrows, though Kalisch translates וָרֹבוּ, and they assembled in multitudes, which yields a sense sufficiently clear. It is sometimes alleged (Keil, Lange, 'Speaker's Commentary') that the words contain no allusion to the personal history of Joseph, but solely to the later fortunes of the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh; but even if they do point to the subsequent hostilities which Joseph's descendants should incur (Joshua 17:16-18; Judges 12:4-6), it is almost morally certain that the image of the shooting archers which he selects to depict their adversaries was suggested to his mind by the early lot of his beloved son (Calvin, Rosenmüller, Kalisch, Gerlach, Murphy, and others). But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob. Notwithstanding the multitudinous and fierce assaults which had been made on Joseph, he had risen superior to his adversaries; his bow had continued firm and unbroken (cf. 1 Samuel 2:4; Job 12:19; Job 33:19), and his arms had been rendered active and flexible - neither ἐξελύθη τὰ νεῦρα βραχιόνων χειρὸς αὐτῶν, (LXX.), dissoluta sunt vincula brachiorum et manuum (Vulgate), as if Joseph s enemies were the subjects referred to; nor, "Therefore gold was placed upon his arms (Onkelos, Raehi, and others), referring to the gift of Pharaoh's ring - by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob, i.e. God, who had proved himself to be Jacob's Mighty One by the powerful protection vouchsafed to his servant The title here ascribed to God occurs afterwards in Isaiah 1:24. From thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel. If the clause is parenthetical, it may signify either that from the time of Joseph's exaltation he became the shepherd (who sustained) and the stone of (i.e. the rock which supported) Israel (Oleaster); or that from God, the Mighty One of Jacob, Joseph received strength to become the shepherd and stone of Israel (Pererius, Ainsworth, Lawson, Patrick, and others), in which capacity he served as a prefiguration of the Good Shepherd who was also to become the Rock or Foundation of his Church (Calvin, Pererius, Candiish, &c.); but if the clause is rather co-ordinate with that which precedes and that which follows, as the introductory particle מִן appears to suggest, then the words "shepherd and stone of Israel" will apply to God, and the sentiment will be that the hands of Joseph were made strong from the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob, from there (i.e. from there where is, or from him who is) the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel (Keil, Kalisch, Murphy, Gerlach, Lange, et alii). Even by the God of thy father, who shall help thee (literally, from the (led of thy father, and he shall help thee, i.e. who shall help thee); and by the Almighty, who shall bless thee - literally, and with (sc. the aid of) the Almighty, and he shall bless thee. It is unnecessary to change וְאֵת. into וְאֵל (LXX., Vulgate, Samaritan, Syriac, Ewald), or to insert מִן before אֵת, as thus, מֵאֵת (Knobel, Rosenmüller, Kalisch), since אֵת may be understood here, as in Genesis 4:1; Genesis 5:24, in the sense of helpful communion (Keil) - with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb. "From the God of Jacob, and by the help of the Almighty, should the rain and dew of heaven (Genesis 27:28), and fountains and brooks which spring from the great deep or the abyss of the earth, pour their fertilizing waters over Joseph's land, so that everything that had womb and breast should become pregnant, bring forth and suckle" (Keil). The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. The meaning is, according to this rendering, which some adopt (the Targums, Vulgate, Syriac, Saadias, Rosenmüller, Lange, Murphy, et alii), that the blessings which Jacob pronounced upon Joseph surpassed those which he himself had received from Abraham and Isaac, either as far as the primary mountains towered above the earth (Keil, Murphy), or, while exceeding the benedictions of his ancestors, those now delivered by himself would last while the hills endured (Rosenmüller, 'Speaker's Commentary'). But the words may be otherwise rendered: "The blessings of thy father prevail over, are mightier than the blessings of the mountains of eternity, the delight, or glory, or loveliness of the hills of eternity (LXX., Dathe, Michaelis, Gesenius, Bohlen, Kalisch, Gerlach, and others); and in favor of this may be adduced the beautiful parallelism between the last two clauses, which the received translation overlooks. They shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brethren - literally, of him, the separated (from nazar, to separate) from his brethren (Onkelos, Rashi, Rosenmüller, Keil, and others), though by some different renderings are preferred, as, e.g., the crowned among his brethren (LXX. Syriac, Targum of Jerusalem, Kimchi, Kalisch, Gerlach), taking nazir to signify he who wears the nezer, or royal diadem.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Joseph is a fruitful bough,.... Or as one, like the bough or branch of a tree laden with fruit, as he was with children; one of which he called Ephraim from his fruitfulness, and both his sons became numerous, and the heads of two tribes in Israel; and with other temporal fruits and blessings, as riches, honour, &c. and especially with the fruits of grace and righteousness:

even a fruitful bough by a well; those are the most fruitful that are near a well or fountain of water, as such trees are which are planted by rivers of water, see Psalm 1:3 this being repeated may have respect to the two boughs or branches of Joseph's family, or the two fruitful and numerous tribes that sprung from him:

whose branches run over the wall; as such trees that are set against one, and by the reflected heat of the sun grow the more, and become more fruitful. The word for "branches" is "daughters", which some refer to the daughters of Manasseh and Zelophehad, who received their inheritance on both sides of Jordan; and others interpret it of the cities of the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, as cities are sometimes called.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

Ge 49:22-26. Joseph—

22. a fruitful bough, &c.—denotes the extraordinary increase of that tribe (compare Nu 1:33-35; Jos 17:17; De 33:17). The patriarch describes him as attacked by envy, revenge, temptation, ingratitude; yet still, by the grace of God, he triumphed over all opposition, so that he became the sustainer of Israel; and then he proceeds to shower blessings of every kind upon the head of this favorite son. The history of the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh shows how fully these blessings were realized.

Genesis 49:22 Additional Commentaries
Jacob Blesses his Sons
21"Naphtali is a doe let loose, He gives beautiful words. 22"Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a spring; Its branches run over a wall. 23"The archers bitterly attacked him, And shot at him and harassed him;…
Cross References
Genesis 41:52
The second son he named Ephraim and said, "It is because God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering."

Genesis 49:23
With bitterness archers attacked him; they shot at him with hostility.

Deuteronomy 33:13
About Joseph he said: "May the LORD bless his land with the precious dew from heaven above and with the deep waters that lie below;

Psalm 80:10
The mountains were covered with its shade, the mighty cedars with its branches.

Hosea 13:15
even though he thrives among his brothers. An east wind from the LORD will come, blowing in from the desert; his spring will fail and his well dry up. His storehouse will be plundered of all its treasures.
Treasury of Scripture

Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall:

a fruitful.

Genesis 30:22-24 And God remembered Rachel, and God listened to her, and opened her womb…

Genesis 41:52 And the name of the second called he Ephraim: For God has caused …

Genesis 46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: …

Genesis 48:1,5,16,19,20 And it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, Behold, …

Numbers 32:1-42 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great …

Deuteronomy 33:17 His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are …

Joshua 16:1-10 And the lot of the children of Joseph fell from Jordan by Jericho, …

Joshua 17:14-17 And the children of Joseph spoke to Joshua, saying, Why have you …

Psalm 1:1-3 Blessed is the man that walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, …

Psalm 128:1,3 Blessed is every one that fears the LORD; that walks in his ways…

Ezekiel 19:11 And she had strong rods for the scepters of them that bore rule, …

branches. Heb. daughters.

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