Psalm 80:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The mountains were covered with its shade, the mighty cedars with its branches.

New Living Translation
Our shade covered the mountains; our branches covered the mighty cedars.

English Standard Version
The mountains were covered with its shade, the mighty cedars with its branches.

New American Standard Bible
The mountains were covered with its shadow, And the cedars of God with its boughs.

King James Bible
The hills were covered with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedars.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The mountains were covered by its shade, and the mighty cedars with its branches.

International Standard Version
Mountains were covered by its shadows, and the mighty cedars by its branches.

NET Bible
The mountains were covered by its shadow, the highest cedars by its branches.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the mountains were covered by its shade and its shoots were upon the cedars of God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Its shade covered the mountains. Its branches covered the mighty cedars.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The hills were covered with the shadow of it, and its boughs were like the cedars of God.

King James 2000 Bible
The hills were covered with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedars.

American King James Version
The hills were covered with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedars.

American Standard Version
The mountains were covered with the shadow of it, And the boughs thereof were like cedars of God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The shadow of it covered the hills: and the branches thereof the cedars of God.

Darby Bible Translation
The mountains were covered with its shadow, and the branches thereof were [like] cedars of God;

English Revised Version
The mountains were covered with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof were like cedars of God.

Webster's Bible Translation
The hills were covered with the shade of it, and its boughs were like the goodly cedars.

World English Bible
The mountains were covered with its shadow. Its boughs were like God's cedars.

Young's Literal Translation
Covered have been hills with its shadow, And its boughs are cedars of God.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

80:8-16 The church is represented as a vine and a vineyard. The root of this vine is Christ, the branches are believers. The church is like a vine, needing support, but spreading and fruitful. If a vine do not bring forth fruit, no tree is so worthless. And are not we planted as in a well-cultivated garden, with every means of being fruitful in works of righteousness? But the useless leaves of profession, and the empty boughs of notions and forms, abound far more than real piety. It was wasted and ruined. There was a good reason for this change in God's way toward them. And it is well or ill with us, according as we are under God's smiles or frowns. When we consider the state of the purest part of the visible church, we cannot wonder that it is visited with sharp corrections. They request that God would help the vine. Lord, it is formed by thyself, and for thyself, therefore it may, with humble confidence, be committed to thyself.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - The hills were covered with the shadow of it. The "hills" intended are probably those of the south - the hill country of Judah - since the clauses which follow designate the boundaries towards the north, west, and east. (So Hengstenberg, Kay, Professor Cheyne, and others.) And the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedars; rather, and the goodly cedar trees were covered with their branches. The cedars of Lebanon are intended. They marked the boundary line on the north. The psalmist calls them "cedars of God," by a strong, but not unprecedented (Psalm 36:6), hyperbole.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The hills were covered with the shadow of it,.... Alluding to the land of Canaan, which was a mountainous and hilly country, at least some part of it; hence we read of the hill country of Judea, Luke 1:39 and to the nature of vines, which delight to grow on hills and mountains (p): in a figurative sense this may denote the subjection of kings and kingdoms, comparable to hills, to the Israelites in the times of David and Solomon, 2 Samuel 8:1 and the exaltation of the church of Christ, in the latter day, over the hills and mountains, Isaiah 2:2. The Targum is,

"the mountains of Jerusalem were covered with the shadow of the house of the sanctuary, and of the houses of the schools:''

and the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedars; to these the righteous are compared, Psalm 92:13, the Targum is,

"the doctors, the mighty preachers, who are like to the strong cedars:''

the words may be rendered, "the boughs thereof cover the goodly cedars", or "cedars of God" (q); that is, overrun and overtop the goodly cedars; alluding to vines running and growing upon high and goodly trees; and so may denote, as before, the power of Israel over the princes and potentates of the earth, comparable to cedars, the most excellent; as things most excellent have often the name of God added to them; see Psalm 104:16.

(p) "Bacchus amat colles----" Virgil Georgic. l. 2. v. 113. (q) "rami ejus cedros Dei", Tigurine version; so Sept. "et ramia ejus cedri Dei", Musculus, Cocceius; "palmitibus ejus cedri altissimae operiebantur", Piscator, De Dieu; "ramis ejus opertae sunt cedri Dei", Michaelis.



Psalm 80:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Hear Us, Shepherd of Israel
9You cleared the ground before it, And it took deep root and filled the land. 10The mountains were covered with its shadow, And the cedars of God with its boughs. 11It was sending out its branches to the sea And its shoots to the River.…
Cross References
Genesis 49:22
"Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine near a spring, whose branches climb over a wall.

Song of Solomon 5:15
His legs are pillars of marble set on bases of pure gold. His appearance is like Lebanon, choice as its cedars.

Ezekiel 31:8
The cedars in the garden of God could not rival it, nor could the junipers equal its boughs, nor could the plane trees compare with its branches-- no tree in the garden of God could match its beauty.
Treasury of Scripture

The hills were covered with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedars.

goodly cedars. Heb. cedars of God

Psalm 104:16 The trees of the LORD are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon, which …

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