Psalm 78:47
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He destroyed their vines with hail and their sycamore-figs with sleet.

New Living Translation
He destroyed their grapevines with hail and shattered their sycamore-figs with sleet.

English Standard Version
He destroyed their vines with hail and their sycamores with frost.

New American Standard Bible
He destroyed their vines with hailstones And their sycamore trees with frost.

King James Bible
He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He killed their vines with hail and their sycamore fig trees with a flood.

International Standard Version
He destroyed their vines with hail and their sycamore trees with frost.

NET Bible
He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycamore-fig trees with driving rain.

New Heart English Bible
He destroyed their vines with hail, their sycamore fig trees with frost.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He broke their vines with hailstones and their fig trees with ice.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He killed their vines with hail and their fig trees with frost.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He destroyed their vines with hail, And their sycamore-trees with frost.

New American Standard 1977
He destroyed their vines with hailstones,
            And their sycamore trees with frost.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He destroyed their vines with hail and their wild fig trees with stones.

King James 2000 Bible
He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycamore trees with frost.

American King James Version
He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost.

American Standard Version
He destroyed their vines with hail, And their sycomore-trees with frost.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he destroyed their vineyards with hail, and their mulberry trees with hoarfrost.

Darby Bible Translation
He killed their vines with hail, and their sycamore trees with hail-stones;

English Revised Version
He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost.

Webster's Bible Translation
He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycamore trees with frost.

World English Bible
He destroyed their vines with hail, their sycamore fig trees with frost.

Young's Literal Translation
He destroyeth with hail their vine, And their sycamores with frost,
Study Bible
I will Open My Mouth in Parables
46He gave also their crops to the grasshopper And the product of their labor to the locust. 47He destroyed their vines with hailstones And their sycamore trees with frost. 48He gave over their cattle also to the hailstones And their herds to bolts of lightning.…
Cross References
Luke 19:4
So he ran on ahead and climbed a sycamore tree to see Him, since Jesus was about to pass that way.

Exodus 9:23
Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky, and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and fire ran down to the earth. And the LORD rained hail on the land of Egypt.

Exodus 9:25
The hail struck all that was in the field through all the land of Egypt, both man and beast; the hail also struck every plant of the field and shattered every tree of the field.

Psalm 105:32
He gave them hail for rain, And flaming fire in their land.

Psalm 105:33
He struck down their vines also and their fig trees, And shattered the trees of their territory.
Treasury of Scripture

He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost.

destroyed. or, killed, with hail

Psalm 105:32,33 He gave them hail for rain, and flaming fire in their land…

Exodus 9:18-34 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very …

sycamore. From the value of the sycamore in furnishing wood for various uses, from the grateful shade which its wide spreading branches afforded, and on account of the fruit, which Mr. Maillet says the Egyptians hold in the highest estimation, we may conceive somewhat of the loss they sustained when their vines were destroyed with hail; and their sycamore trees with frost.

1 Chronicles 27:28 And over the olive trees and the sycomore trees that were in the …

frost. or, great hailstones.

(47) Vines.--In the history of the plagues (Exodus 9:13-25) no mention is made either of vines or sycamores or of fig-trees, as in Psalm 105:33, and some consider that the poem reflects a Palestinian rather than an Egyptian point of view. But besides Numbers 20:5 and Joseph's dream there is abundance of evidence of the extensive cultivation of the vine in Egypt. The mural paintings contain many representations of vineyards. Wine stood prominent among the offerings to the gods, and a note on a papyrus of Rameses II. speaks of rations of wine made to workmen.

Sycamore.--See 1Kings 10:27.

Frost.--The Hebrew word is peculiar to this place. The LXX. and Vulg. have "hoar-frost," Aquila "ice," Symmachus "worm." The root of the word appears to mean to cut off, so that by derivation any devastating force would suit the word.

Verse 47. - He destroyed their vines with hail (see Exodus 9:23-25). Here, again, there is an inversion of the order in which the plagues came, since the plague of hail preceded that of the locusts. There is also an addition to the narrative of Exodus in the mention of "vines" (see also Psalm 105:33), which may indicate a use of tradition. That vines were cultivated in Egypt is now generally acknowledged. And their sycamore trees with frost; or, with sleet - a variant of the "hail" in the other hemistich. He destroyed their vines with hail,.... Or "killed" (k) them; for there is a vegetative life in plants: this was the seventh plague of Egypt, attended with thunder and lightning, and was very terrible to Pharaoh, Exodus 9:23, with this compare Revelation 16:21,

and their sycamore trees with frost: sycamore trees, according to Kimchi, were a sort of wild figs, and these with the vines are only mentioned; though the plague of hail destroyed all sorts of trees; because there were many of these in Egypt, and are put for all others; and who also observes, that the word rendered "frost", which is only used in this place, signifies a kind of hail; and so Aben Ezra interprets it of great hailstones which beat off the fruit of the sycamore trees: but R. Saadiah Gaon explains it by the Arabic word "Al-sakia", which signifies a strong frost which breaks the buds of trees, and dries up their moisture. Jarchi will have it to be, according to the Midrash, a kind of locust, which comes and sits and cuts off the green of the trees and grass, and eats it. Aben Ezra makes mention of this sense, but rejects it.

(k) "occidit", Pagninus, Montanus, Musculus, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "interfecit", Gejerus. 47, 48. The additional effects of the storm here mentioned (compare Ex 9:23-34) are consistent with Moses' account.78:40-55. Let not those that receive mercy from God, be thereby made bold to sin, for the mercies they receive will hasten its punishment; yet let not those who are under Divine rebukes for sin, be discouraged from repentance. The Holy One of Israel will do what is most for his own glory, and what is most for their good. Their forgetting former favours, led them to limit God for the future. God made his own people to go forth like sheep; and guided them in the wilderness, as a shepherd his flock, with all care and tenderness. Thus the true Joshua, even Jesus, brings his church out of the wilderness; but no earthly Canaan, no worldly advantages, should make us forget that the church is in the wilderness while in this world, and that there remaineth a far more glorious rest for the people of God.
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