Psalm 78:49
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He unleashed against them his hot anger, his wrath, indignation and hostility-- a band of destroying angels.

New Living Translation
He loosed on them his fierce anger--all his fury, rage, and hostility. He dispatched against them a band of destroying angels.

English Standard Version
He let loose on them his burning anger, wrath, indignation, and distress, a company of destroying angels.

New American Standard Bible
He sent upon them His burning anger, Fury and indignation and trouble, A band of destroying angels.

King James Bible
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He sent His burning anger against them: fury, indignation, and calamity-- a band of deadly messengers.

International Standard Version
He inflicted his burning anger, wrath, indignation, and distress, sending destroying angels among them.

NET Bible
His raging anger lashed out against them, He sent fury, rage, and trouble as messengers who bring disaster.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He sent the heat of his wrath against them; heat, wrath and trouble he sent by the hand of an evil Angel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He sent his burning anger, rage, fury, and hostility against them. He sent an army of destroying angels.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation and trouble by sending evil angels among them.

King James 2000 Bible
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending avenging angels among them.

American King James Version
He cast on them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them.

American Standard Version
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, Wrath, and indignation, and trouble, A band of angels of evil.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he sent upon them the wrath of his indignation: indignation and wrath and trouble, which he sent by evil angels.

Darby Bible Translation
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and distress, -- a mission of angels of woes.

English Revised Version
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, a band of angels of evil.

Webster's Bible Translation
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them.

World English Bible
He threw on them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, indignation, and trouble, and a band of angels of evil.

Young's Literal Translation
He sendeth on them the fury of His anger, Wrath, and indignation, and distress -- A discharge of evil messengers.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

78:40-55. Let not those that receive mercy from God, be thereby made bold to sin, for the mercies they receive will hasten its punishment; yet let not those who are under Divine rebukes for sin, be discouraged from repentance. The Holy One of Israel will do what is most for his own glory, and what is most for their good. Their forgetting former favours, led them to limit God for the future. God made his own people to go forth like sheep; and guided them in the wilderness, as a shepherd his flock, with all care and tenderness. Thus the true Joshua, even Jesus, brings his church out of the wilderness; but no earthly Canaan, no worldly advantages, should make us forget that the church is in the wilderness while in this world, and that there remaineth a far more glorious rest for the people of God.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 49. - He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble. "The accumulation of terms signifying Divine wrath is designed to set forth the dreadful nature of this last judgment" (Hengstenberg) - the death of the firstborn. By sending evil angels among them. Most modern critics regard this clause as in apposition with the preceding one, and consider the "wrath, indignation, and trouble" to be themselves the "evil angels" spoken cf. Some, however, as Hengstenberg and Kay, interpret the passage of spiritual beings - not, however, of spirits of evil, who are never said to be ministers of God's wrath, but of good angels, who on this occasion were "ministers of woe."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger,.... This with the following words,

wrath, and indignation, and trouble, are thought by some to intend the other plagues, which are not particularly mentioned; or rather they express the manner in which they were all inflicted, in great wrath and hot displeasure for their sins and iniquities, and which particularly were shown

by sending evil angels among them; not evil in themselves, but because they were the instruments God made use of to bring evil things upon the Egyptians, as good angels often are; though some think that demons, devils, or wicked spirits, were sent among them at that time; the darkness was over all the land, and frightened them; in the Apocrypha:

"3 For while they supposed to lie hid in their secret sins, they were scattered under a dark veil of forgetfulness, being horribly astonished, and troubled with strange apparitions. 4 For neither might the corner that held them keep them from fear: but noises as of waters falling down sounded about them, and sad visions appeared unto them with heavy countenances.'' (Wisdom 17)

According to Arama, the three last plagues are meant: the words may be rendered "messengers of evil things" (l), as they are by some, and be understood of Moses and Aaron, who were sent time after time with messages of evil things to Pharaoh, in which were expressed his wrath and fury against them.

(l) "numcios malorum", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

49. evil angels—or, "angels of evil"—many were perhaps employed, and other evils inflicted.

Psalm 78:49 Additional Commentaries
Context
I will Open My Mouth in Parables
48He gave over their cattle also to the hailstones And their herds to bolts of lightning. 49He sent upon them His burning anger, Fury and indignation and trouble, A band of destroying angels. 50He leveled a path for His anger; He did not spare their soul from death, But gave over their life to the plague,…
Cross References
Exodus 15:7
"In the greatness of your majesty you threw down those who opposed you. You unleashed your burning anger; it consumed them like stubble.

Psalm 2:5
He rebukes them in his anger and terrifies them in his wrath, saying,
Treasury of Scripture

He cast on them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them.

cast

Psalm 11:6 On the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible …

Job 20:23 When he is about to fill his belly, God shall cast the fury of his …

Isaiah 42:25 Therefore he has poured on him the fury of his anger, and the strength …

Lamentations 4:11 The LORD has accomplished his fury; he has poured out his fierce …

Zephaniah 3:8 Therefore wait you on me, said the LORD, until the day that I rise …

Romans 2:8,9 But to them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but …

by sending

1 Kings 22:21,22 And there came forth a spirit, and stood before the LORD, and said, …

Job 1:12 And the LORD said to Satan, Behold, all that he has is in your power; …

Job 2:6,7 And the LORD said to Satan, Behold, he is in your hand; but save his life…

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