Psalm 89:38
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But you have rejected, you have spurned, you have been very angry with your anointed one.

New Living Translation
But now you have rejected him and cast him off. You are angry with your anointed king.

English Standard Version
But now you have cast off and rejected; you are full of wrath against your anointed.

New American Standard Bible
But You have cast off and rejected, You have been full of wrath against Your anointed.

King James Bible
But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But You have spurned and rejected him; You have become enraged with Your anointed.

International Standard Version
But you have spurned, rejected, and became angry with your anointed one.

NET Bible
But you have spurned and rejected him; you are angry with your chosen king.

New Heart English Bible
But you have rejected and spurned. You have been angry with your anointed.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And you have forgotten me and despised me and you have turned away the face of your anointed!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But you have despised, rejected, and become angry with your anointed one.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But Thou hast cast off and rejected, Thou hast been wroth with Thine anointed.

New American Standard 1977
But Thou hast cast off and rejected,
            Thou hast been full of wrath against Thine anointed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But thou hast cast off and abhorred thine anointed; thou hast been wroth with him.

King James 2000 Bible
But you have cast off and abhorred, you have been angry with your anointed.

American King James Version
But you have cast off and abhorred, you have been wroth with your anointed.

American Standard Version
But thou hast cast off and rejected, Thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But thou hast rejected and despised: thou hast been angry with thy anointed.

Darby Bible Translation
But thou hast rejected and cast off; thou hast been very wroth with thine anointed:

English Revised Version
But thou hast cast off and rejected, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.

Webster's Bible Translation
But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thy anointed.

World English Bible
But you have rejected and spurned. You have been angry with your anointed.

Young's Literal Translation
And Thou, Thou hast cast off, and dost reject, Thou hast shown Thyself wroth With Thine anointed,
Study Bible
I will Sing of His Love Forever
37"It shall be established forever like the moon, And the witness in the sky is faithful." Selah. 38But You have cast off and rejected, You have been full of wrath against Your anointed. 39You have spurned the covenant of Your servant; You have profaned his crown in the dust.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:19
"The LORD saw this, and spurned them Because of the provocation of His sons and daughters.

1 Chronicles 28:9
"As for you, my son Solomon, know the God of your father, and serve Him with a whole heart and a willing mind; for the LORD searches all hearts, and understands every intent of the thoughts. If you seek Him, He will let you find Him; but if you forsake Him, He will reject you forever.

Psalm 20:6
Now I know that the LORD saves His anointed; He will answer him from His holy heaven With the saving strength of His right hand.

Psalm 44:9
Yet You have rejected us and brought us to dishonor, And do not go out with our armies.

Psalm 89:20
"I have found David My servant; With My holy oil I have anointed him,

Psalm 89:51
With which Your enemies have reproached, O LORD, With which they have reproached the footsteps of Your anointed.
Treasury of Scripture

But you have cast off and abhorred, you have been wroth with your anointed.

but

Psalm 44:9 But you have cast off, and put us to shame; and go not forth with our armies.

Psalm 60:1,10 O God, you have cast us off, you have scattered us, you have been …

Psalm 77:7 Will the Lord cast off for ever? and will he be favorable no more?

1 Chronicles 28:9 And you, Solomon my son, know you the God of your father, and serve …

Jeremiah 12:1 Righteous are you, O LORD, when I plead with you: yet let me talk …

Hosea 9:17 My God will cast them away, because they did not listen to him: and …

and

Psalm 78:59 When God heard this, he was wroth, and greatly abhorred Israel:

Psalm 106:40 Therefore was the wrath of the LORD kindled against his people, so …

Deuteronomy 32:19 And when the LORD saw it, he abhorred them, because of the provoking …

Lamentations 2:7 The LORD has cast off his altar, he has abhorred his sanctuary, he …

Zechariah 11:8 Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul loathed …

wroth

Psalm 89:51 With which your enemies have reproached, O LORD; with which they …

Psalm 84:9 Behold, O God our shield, and look on the face of your anointed.

2 Samuel 1:21 You mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be …

2 Samuel 15:26 But if he thus say, I have no delight in you; behold, here am I, …

2 Chronicles 12:1-12 And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom, and …

Lamentations 4:20 The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the LORD, was taken in …

Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is …

(38) But thou.--The poem takes a new departure here. God is reproached for violating the covenant, and the contrast between the actual condition of things in Israel at present, and the glorious destiny promised, is feelingly set forth.

The boldness of this expostulation has scandalised the Jewish expositors. But see exactly similar language, Psalm 44:9; Psalm 44:22. The point of the poem, indeed, is gone if we soften down these expressions. The stronger the conviction of the inviolability of God's promises, the more vehement becomes the sense of right to expostulate at their seeming violation, the delay of the fulfilment of the covenant. We may illustrate by the Latin poet's

"Hic pietatis honos, sic nos in sceptra reponis?"

VIRGIL: n. 1:25.

Verses 38-45. - A sudden and complete change here sets in. Rejoicing is turned into mourning, eulogy into complaint. Notwithstanding all the promises of God, notwithstanding his inherent and essential "faithfulness," the Davidical king and his kingdom are at the last gasp. Seemingly, every promise made has been broken, every hope held out of good turned into an actuality of evil. God is wroth with his anointed, has made void the covenant with him, profaned his crown and cast it to the ground, turned the edge of his sword, and made him not to stand in the battle; he has laid his land open to the enemy, broken down its defenses, brought its strongholds to ruin, given it as a spoil to all who pass by; he has set up the right hand of Israel's adversaries, caused them to rejoice and triumph in Israel's disgrace and suffering; he has covered the king with shame, and cut short the days of his youth. How is this? And what is to be the end of it? Verse 38. - But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed. The first "thou" is emphatic - אתּה, THOU, "the faithful Witness;" THOU, who hast made all these promises, art the very One who has falsified them all - who hast "been wroth with thine anointed," abhorred (or rejected) him, and cast him off: But thou hast cast off,.... Here begin objections to what is before said, and swore to; even to the everlasting love of God, to Christ, and to his seed, to the unchangeableness and unalterableness of the covenant, and to the continuance and perpetuity of the kingdom and church of Christ, taken from the dealings of the Lord with the Messiah and his people; which were made either by the psalmist, under a spirit of prophecy, foreseeing what would come to pass; or by the apostles and church of Christ, about the time of his sufferings and death, and after; when he seemed to be "cast off", and rejected by the Lord, particularly when he forsook him, and hid his face from him, Matthew 27:46, as when he hides his face from his people, it is interpreted by them a casting them off; see Psalm 44:22,

and abhorred; not that he abhorred the person of Christ, who was his own Son, his beloved Son; nor his afflictions and sufferings, which were a sacrifice of a sweet smelling savour to him; see Psalm 22:24, though these might be interpreted by others as if the Lord abhorred or rejected him; because he suffered him to be used in the manner he was, and particularly to be abhorred by the Jews, even by the nation in general, Isaiah 49:7, though the sins of his people, which he had upon him, and for which he suffered, were an abhorring to the Lord; and when he was made sin, he was made a curse:

thou hast been wroth with thine Anointed; with thy Messiah; not Rehoboam, from whom the ten tribes were rent; nor Josiah, who was killed by Pharaohnecho; nor Zedekiah, carried captive into Babylon; but the true Messiah, the son of David, before said to be found by the Lord, and anointed with his holy oil, Psalm 89:20, which is to be understood of him, not as his own son, who was always the object of his love, but as the sinner's surety, bearing the sins of his people, and all the wrath and punishment due unto them; and so is reconcilable to the promise, that lovingkindness should not be taken from him, Psalm 89:33 and is no objection to it, though made one. 38 But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.

39 Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast pro-faned his crown by casting it to the ground.

40 Thou hast broken down all his hedges; thou hast brought his strong holds to ruin.

41 All that pass by the way spoil him: he is a reproach to his neighbours.

42 Thou hast set up the right hand of his adversaries; thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice.

43 Thou hast also turned the edge of his sword, and hast not made him to stand in the battle.

44 Thou hast made his glory to cease, and cast his throne down to the ground.

45 The days of his youth hast thou shortened: thou hast covered him with shame. Selah.

46 How long, Lord? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn like fire?

47 Remember how short my time is: wherefore hast thou made all men in vain?

48 What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.

49 Lord, where are thy former lovingkindnesses, which thou swarest unto David in thy truth?

50 Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants; how I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the mighty people.

51 Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O Lord; wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed.

continued...38-52. present a striking contrast to these glowing promises, in mournful evidences of a loss of God's favor.

cast off—and rejected (compare Ps 15:4; 43:2; 44:9).89:38-52 Sometimes it is not easy to reconcile God's providences with his promises, yet we are sure that God's works fulfil his word. When the great Anointed One, Christ himself, was upon the cross, God seemed to have cast him off, yet did not make void his covenant, for that was established for ever. The honour of the house of David was lost. Thrones and crowns are often laid in the dust; but there is a crown of glory reserved for Christ's spiritual seed, which fadeth not away. From all this complaint learn what work sin makes with families, noble families, with families in which religion has appeared. They plead with God for mercy. God's unchangeableness and faithfulness assure us that He will not cast off those whom he has chosen and covenanted with. They were reproached for serving him. The scoffers of the latter days, in like manner, reproach the footsteps of the Messiah when they ask, Where is the promise of his coming? 2Pe 3:3,4. The records of the Lord's dealings with the family of David, show us his dealings with his church, and with believers. Their afflictions and distresses may be grievous, but he will not finally cast them off. Self-deceivers abuse this doctrine, and others by a careless walk bring themselves into darkness and distress; yet let the true believer rely on it for encouragement in the path of duty, and in bearing the cross. The psalm ends with praise, even after this sad complaint. Those who give God thanks for what he has done, may give him thanks for what he will do. God will follow those with his mercies, who follow him with praises.
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