|New International Version (©2011)|
"Surely no one lays a hand on a broken man when he cries for help in his distress.
New Living Translation (©2007)
"Surely no one would turn against the needy when they cry for help in their trouble.
English Standard Version (©2001)
“Yet does not one in a heap of ruins stretch out his hand, and in his disaster cry for help?
New American Standard Bible (©1995)
"Yet does not one in a heap of ruins stretch out his hand, Or in his disaster therefore cry out for help?
King James Bible (Cambridge Ed.)
Howbeit he will not stretch out his hand to the grave, though they cry in his destruction.
Holman Christian Standard Bible (©2009)
Yet no one would stretch out his hand against a ruined man when he cries out to him for help because of his distress.
International Standard Version (©2012)
"Surely he won't stretch his hand against the needy, will he, especially if they cry to him in their calamity?
NET Bible (©2006)
"Surely one does not stretch out his hand against a broken man when he cries for help in his distress.
GOD'S WORD® Translation (©1995)
"But God doesn't stretch out his hand against one who is ruined when that person calls for help in his disaster.
King James 2000 Bible (©2003)
Yet he will not stretch out his hand to the grave, though they cry out in his destruction.
American King James Version
However, he will not stretch out his hand to the grave, though they cry in his destruction.
American Standard Version
Howbeit doth not one stretch out the hand in his fall? Or in his calamity therefore cry for help?
But yet thou stretchest not forth thy hand to their consumption: and if they shall fall down thou wilt save.
Darby Bible Translation
Indeed, no prayer availeth when he stretcheth out his hand: though they cry when he destroyeth.
English Revised Version
Surely against a ruinous heap he will not put forth his hand; though it be in his destruction, one may utter a cry because of these things.
Webster's Bible Translation
Yet he will not stretch out his hand to the grave, though they cry in his destruction.
World English Bible
"However doesn't one stretch out a hand in his fall? Or in his calamity therefore cry for help?
Young's Literal Translation
Surely not against the heap Doth He send forth the hand, Though in its ruin they have safety.
|Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary|
30:15-31 Job complains a great deal. Harbouring hard thoughts of God was the sin which did, at this time, most easily beset Job. When inward temptations join with outward calamities, the soul is hurried as in a tempest, and is filled with confusion. But woe be to those who really have God for an enemy! Compared with the awful state of ungodly men, what are all outward, or even inward temporal afflictions? There is something with which Job comforts himself, yet it is but a little. He foresees that death will be the end of all his troubles. God's wrath might bring him to death; but his soul would be safe and happy in the world of spirits. If none pity us, yet our God, who corrects, pities us, even as a father pitieth his own children. And let us look more to the things of eternity: then the believer will cease from mourning, and joyfully praise redeeming love.
Verse 24. - Howbeit he will not stretch out his hand to the grave, though they cry in his destruction. This is one of the most obscure passages in the entire Book of Job, and scarcely any two independent commentators understand it alike. To give all the different renderings, and discuss them, would be an almost endless task, and one over-wearisome to the reader. It will, per-Imps, suffice to select the one which to the present writer appears the most satisfactory. This is the rendering of Professor Stanley Leathes, who suggests the following: "Howbeit God will not put forth his hand to bring a man to death and the grave, when there is earnest prayer for them, not even when he himself hath caused the calamity." The same writer further explains the passage as follows: "I know that thou wilt dissolve and destroy me, and bring me to the grave (ver. 23), though thou wilt not do so when I pray to thee to release me by death from my sufferings. Thou wilt surely do so [some time or other], but not in my time, or according to my will, but only in thine own appointed time, and as thou seest fit."
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
Howbeit he will not stretch out his hand to the grave,.... Or, "verily" (h), truly he will not, &c. I am well assured he never will, meaning either he never would stretch out his hand to shut up the grave; or rather keep it shut, and prevent Job from going down into it; or to open it, and fetch him out of it when in it: God is indeed able to do either of these, and has done it; sometimes, when persons are brought as it were to the gates of death and the grave, he says to them, Return; yea, when they are brought to the dust of death, he prevents them going into the grave, by restoring them to life before carried thither, as the Shunammite's son, 2 Kings 4:32; Jairus's daughter, Mark 5:41; and the widow's son of Nain, even when he was carrying to his grave, Luke 7:12; some have been laid in the grave, and God has stretched out his hand, and raised them up again; as the man that was laid in Elisha's grave, 2 Kings 13:21, and Lazarus after he had lain in the grave some days, John 11:39; but such things are not usually done; in common, when a man dies, and is laid in the grave, he rises not again, till the heavens be no more; and this Job was persuaded would be his case:
though they cry in his destruction; that is, though the friends and relations of the sick person, or the poor that he has been kind and bountiful unto, should cry unto God, while he is destroying him by the diseases upon him, and which threaten him with destruction, that he would spare his useful and valuable life; yet he is inexorable, and will not hear, but go on with what he intends to do, and takes him off by death, and lays him in the grave, "the pit of destruction", Psalm 55:23, so called because it wastes and consumes bodies laid in it; and when once laid there, all cries for a restoration to life again are vain and fruitless. Some take these words as expressed in a way of solace, as if Job comforted himself with this thought under his present afflictions, that, when once he was brought to death and the grave, there would be an end of all his sorrow; the hand of the Lord, that was now stretched out on him in a terrible way, would be no longer stretched out on him; he would then cease to afflict him, and he should be where the weary are at rest; and so the last clause is read with an interrogation, "is there any cry", or "do any cry, in his destruction?" (i); no, when death has done its office, and the body is laid in the grave, there is no more pain nor sorrow, nor crying; all tears are wiped away, and there is no more sense of afflictions and sufferings; they are all at an end. Mr. Broughton renders these words as to the sense the same, and as in connection with the following ones, "and prayed I not when plague was sent? when hurt came to any, thereupon cried I not?" and so do some others (k).
(h) "verum", Mercerus; profecto, Drusius, Bolducius; "sane", Tigurine version. (i) "aut clamant aliqui post obitum suum?" Tigurine version; "si in contritione ejus eis clamor?" Montanus, Bolducius. (k) Junius & Tremellius.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
24. Expressing Job's faith as to the state after death. Though one must go to the grave, yet He will no more afflict in the ruin of the body (so Hebrew for "grave") there, if one has cried to Him when being destroyed. The "stretching of His hand" to punish after death answers antithetically to the raising "the cry" of prayer in the second clause. Maurer gives another translation which accords with the scope of Job 30:24-31; if it be natural for one in affliction to ask aid, why should it be considered (by the friends) wrong in my case? "Nevertheless does not a man in ruin stretch out his hand" (imploring help, Job 30:20; La 1:17)? If one be in his calamity (destruction) is there not therefore a "cry" (for aid)? Thus in the parallelism "cry" answers to "stretch—hand"; "in his calamity," to "in ruin." The negative of the first clause is to be supplied in the second, as in Job 30:25 (Job 28:17).
Job 30:24 Parallel Commentaries
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