Job 30:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"But now they mock me, men younger than I, whose fathers I would have disdained to put with my sheep dogs.

New Living Translation
"But now I am mocked by people younger than I, by young men whose fathers are not worthy to run with my sheepdogs.

English Standard Version
“But now they laugh at me, men who are younger than I, whose fathers I would have disdained to set with the dogs of my flock.

New American Standard Bible
"But now those younger than I mock me, Whose fathers I disdained to put with the dogs of my flock.

King James Bible
But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But now they mock me, men younger than I am, whose fathers I would have refused to put with my sheep dogs.

International Standard Version
"But now they mock me; men who are far younger than I, whose fathers I would have hated to entrust with my own sheep dogs.

NET Bible
"But now they mock me, those who are younger than I, whose fathers I disdained too much to put with my sheep dogs.

New Heart English Bible
"But now those who are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to put with my sheep dogs.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"But now those who are younger than I am laugh at me. I didn't think their fathers were fit to sit with the dogs of my flock.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, Whose fathers I disdained to set with the dogs of my flock.

New American Standard 1977
“BUT now those younger than I mock me,
            Whose fathers I disdained to put with the dogs of my flock.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But now those that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock.

King James 2000 Bible
But now they that are younger than I hold me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock.

American King James Version
But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock.

American Standard Version
But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, Whose fathers I disdained to set with the dogs of my flock.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But now the younger in time scorn me, whose fathers I would not have set with the dogs of my flock:

Darby Bible Translation
But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to set with the dogs of my flock.

English Revised Version
But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I disdained to set with the dogs of my flock.

Webster's Bible Translation
But now they that are younger than I, have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to set with the dogs of my flock.

World English Bible
"But now those who are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to put with my sheep dogs.

Young's Literal Translation
And now, laughed at me, Have the younger in days than I, Whose fathers I have loathed to set With the dogs of my flock.
Study Bible
Job's Honor Turned into Contempt
1"But now those younger than I mock me, Whose fathers I disdained to put with the dogs of my flock. 2"Indeed, what good was the strength of their hands to me? Vigor had perished from them.…
Cross References
Job 12:4
"I am a joke to my friends, The one who called on God and He answered him; The just and blameless man is a joke.

Job 30:2
"Indeed, what good was the strength of their hands to me? Vigor had perished from them.

Psalm 35:15
But at my stumbling they rejoiced and gathered themselves together; The smiters whom I did not know gathered together against me, They slandered me without ceasing.

Psalm 119:51
The arrogant utterly deride me, Yet I do not turn aside from Your law.
Treasury of Scripture

But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock.

they that are

Job 19:13-19 He has put my brothers far from me, and my acquaintance are truly …

Job 29:8-10 The young men saw me, and hid themselves: and the aged arose, and stood up…

2 Kings 2:23 And he went up from there to Bethel: and as he was going up by the …

Isaiah 3:5 And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every …

younger than I. Heb. of fewer days than I. whose

Psalm 35:15,16 But in my adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: …

Psalm 69:12 They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards.

Mark 14:65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet …

Mark 15:17-20 And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, …

Luke 23:14,18,35,39 Said to them, You have brought this man to me, as one that perverts …

Acts 17:5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took to them certain …

Titus 1:12 One of themselves, even a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians …

XXX.

(1) Whose fathers I would have disdained.--Rather, whose fathers I disdained to set. The complaint is that the children of those who were so inferior to him should treat him thus.

Verses 1-31. - The contrast is now completed. Having drawn the portrait of himself as he was, rich, honoured, blessed with children, flourishing, in favour with both God and man, Job now presents himself to us as he is, despised of men (vers. 1-10), afflicted of God (ver. 11), a prey to vague terrors (ver. 15), tortured with bodily pains (vers. 17, 18), cast off by God (vers. 19, 20), with nothing but death to look for (vers. 23-31). The chapter is the most touching in the whole book. Verse 1. - But now they that are younger than I have me in derision. As Job had been speaking last of the honour in which he was once held, he beans his contrast by chewing how at present he is disgraced and derided. Men who are outcasts and solitary themselves, poor dwellers in caves (ver. 6), who have much ado to keep body and soul together (vers. 3, 4), and not men only but youths, mere boys, scoff at him, make him a song and a byword (ver. 9). nay, "spare not to spit in his face" (ver. 10). There seem to have been in his vicinity weak and debased tribes, generally contemned and looked down upon, regarded as thieves (ver. 5) by their neighbours, and considered to be of base and vile origin (ver. 8), who saw in Job's calamities a rare opportunity for insulting and triumphing over a member of the superior race which had crushed them, and thus tasting, to a certain extent, the sweetness of revenge. Whose fathers I would have disdained (rather, I disdained) to have set with the dogs of my flock. Job had not thought their fathers worthy of employing even as the lowest class of herdsmen, those reckoned on a par with the sheep-dogs. But now they that are younger than I have me in derision,.... Meaning not his three friends, who were men in years, and were not, at least all of them, younger than he, see Job 15:10; nor were they of such a mean extraction, and such low-lived creatures, and of such characters as here described; with such Job would never have held a correspondence in the time of his prosperity; both they and their fathers, in all appearance, were both great and good; but these were a set of profligate and abandoned wretches, who, as soon as Job's troubles came upon him, derided him, mocked and jeered at him, both by words and gestures; and which they might do even before his three friends came to him, and during their seven days' silence with him, and while this debate was carrying on between them, encouraged unto it by their behaviour towards him; to be derided by any is disagreeable to flesh and blood, though it is the common lot of good men, especially in poor and afflicted circumstances, and to be bore patiently; but to be so used by junior and inferior persons is an aggravation of it; as Job was, even by young children, as was also the prophet Elisha, 2 Kings 2:23; see Job 19:18;

whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock; either to have compared them with the dogs that kept his flock from the wolves, having some good qualities in them which they had not; for what more loving or faithful to their masters, or more vigilant and watchful of their affairs? or to set them at meat with the dogs of his flock; they were unworthy of it, though they would have been glad of the food his dogs ate of, they living better than they, whose meat were mallows and juniper roots, Job 30:4; and would have jumped at it; as the prodigal in want and famine, as those men were, would fain have filled his belly with husks that swine did eat; but as no man gave them to him, so Job disdained to give the meat of his dogs to such as those; or to set them "over" (m) the dogs of his flock, to be the keepers of them, to be at the head of his dogs, and to have the command of them; see the phrase in 2 Samuel 3:8; or else to join them with his dogs, to keep his flock with them; they were such worthless faithless wretches, that they were not to be trusted with the care of his flock along with his dogs. It was usual in ancient times, as well as in ours, for dogs to be made use of in keeping flocks of sheep from beasts of prey, as appears from Orpheus (n), Homer (o), Theocritus (p), and other writers: and if the fathers of those that derided Job were such mean, base, worthless creatures, what must their sons be, inferior to them in age and honour, if any degree of honour belonged to them?

(m) "super canes", Noldius, p. 739. No. 1825. (n) De Lapidibus, Hypoth. ver. 53, 54. (o) Iliad. 10. , &c. v. 183. & Iliad 12. v. 303. (p) , &c. Idyll. 5. v. 106. & Idyll. 6. v. 9, 10. CHAPTER 30

Job 30:1-31.

1. younger—not the three friends (Job 15:10; 32:4, 6, 7). A general description: Job 30:1-8, the lowness of the persons who derided him; Job 30:9-15, the derision itself. Formerly old men rose to me (Job 29:8). Now not only my juniors, who are bound to reverence me (Le 19:32), but even the mean and base-born actually deride me; opposed to, "smiled upon" (Job 29:24). This goes farther than even the "mockery" of Job by relations and friends (Job 12:4; 16:10, 20; 17:2, 6; 19:22). Orientals feel keenly any indignity shown by the young. Job speaks as a rich Arabian emir, proud of his descent.

dogs—regarded with disgust in the East as unclean (1Sa 17:43; Pr 26:11). They are not allowed to enter a house, but run about wild in the open air, living on offal and chance morsels (Ps 59:14, 15). Here again we are reminded of Jesus Christ (Ps 22:16). "Their fathers, my coevals, were so mean and famished that I would not have associated them with (not to say, set them over) my dogs in guarding my flock."30:1-14 Job contrasts his present condition with his former honour and authority. What little cause have men to be ambitious or proud of that which may be so easily lost, and what little confidence is to be put in it! We should not be cast down if we are despised, reviled, and hated by wicked men. We should look to Jesus, who endured the contradiction of sinners.
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