Psalm 35:15
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But when I stumbled, they gathered in glee; assailants gathered against me without my knowledge. They slandered me without ceasing.

New Living Translation
But they are glad now that I am in trouble; they gleefully join together against me. I am attacked by people I don't even know; they slander me constantly.

English Standard Version
But at my stumbling they rejoiced and gathered; they gathered together against me; wretches whom I did not know tore at me without ceasing;

New American Standard Bible
But at my stumbling they rejoiced and gathered themselves together; The smiters whom I did not know gathered together against me, They slandered me without ceasing.

King James Bible
But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yea, the abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But when I stumbled, they gathered in glee; they gathered against me. Assailants I did not know tore at me and did not stop.

International Standard Version
But when I stumbled, they rejoiced and gathered together. They gathered together against me— attackers whom I did not know. They tore me apart and would not stop.

NET Bible
But when I stumbled, they rejoiced and gathered together; they gathered together to ambush me. They tore at me without stopping to rest.

New Heart English Bible
But in my adversity, they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together. The attackers gathered themselves together against me, and I did not know it. They tore at me, and did not cease.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
In my suffering they gathered and rejoiced over me, and they had gathered against me for a long time and I did not know it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Yet, when I stumbled, they rejoiced and gathered together. They gathered together against me. Unknown attackers tore me apart without stopping.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But when I halt they rejoice, and gather themselves together; The abjects gather themselves together against me, and those whom I know not; They tear me, and cease not;

New American Standard 1977
But at my stumbling they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together;
            The smiters whom I did not know gathered together against me,
            They slandered me without ceasing.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But in my adversity they rejoiced and gathered themselves together; yea, the smiters gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they tore me apart and did not cease:

King James 2000 Bible
But in my adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yea, the attackers gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not:

American King James Version
But in my adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yes, the attackers gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not:

American Standard Version
But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: The abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; They did tear me, and ceased not:

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they rejoiced against me, and came together : scourges were gathered together upon me, and I knew not.

Darby Bible Translation
But at my halting they rejoiced, and gathered together: the slanderers gathered themselves together against me, and I knew [it] not; they did tear [me], and ceased not:

English Revised Version
But when I halted they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: the abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not:

Webster's Bible Translation
But in my adversity they rejoiced, and assembled themselves: yes, the abjects assembled themselves against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not:

World English Bible
But in my adversity, they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together. The attackers gathered themselves together against me, and I didn't know it. They tore at me, and didn't cease.

Young's Literal Translation
And -- in my halting they have rejoiced, And have been gathered together, Gathered against me were the smiters, And I have not known, They have rent, and they have not ceased;
Study Bible
Contend with those who Contend with Me
14I went about as though it were my friend or brother; I bowed down mourning, as one who sorrows for a mother. 15But at my stumbling they rejoiced and gathered themselves together; The smiters whom I did not know gathered together against me, They slandered me without ceasing. 16Like godless jesters at a feast, They gnashed at me with their teeth.…
Cross References
Job 16:10
"They have gaped at me with their mouth, They have slapped me on the cheek with contempt; They have massed themselves against me.

Job 30:1
"But now those younger than I mock me, Whose fathers I disdained to put with the dogs of my flock.

Job 30:8
"Fools, even those without a name, They were scourged from the land.

Psalm 7:2
Or he will tear my soul like a lion, Dragging me away, while there is none to deliver.

Psalm 38:17
For I am ready to fall, And my sorrow is continually before me.

Proverbs 24:17
Do not rejoice when your enemy falls, And do not let your heart be glad when he stumbles;

Lamentations 1:21
"They have heard that I groan; There is no one to comfort me; All my enemies have heard of my calamity; They are glad that You have done it. Oh, that You would bring the day which You have proclaimed, That they may become like me.

Obadiah 1:12
"Do not gloat over your brother's day, The day of his misfortune. And do not rejoice over the sons of Judah In the day of their destruction; Yes, do not boast In the day of their distress.
Treasury of Scripture

But in my adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yes, the attackers gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not:

in mine

Psalm 35:25,26 Let them not say in their hearts, Ah, so would we have it: let them …

Psalm 41:8 An evil disease, say they, sticks fast to him: and now that he lies …

Psalm 71:10,11 For my enemies speak against me; and they that lay wait for my soul …

Job 31:29 If I rejoice at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up …

Proverbs 17:5 Whoever mocks the poor reproaches his Maker: and he that is glad …

Proverbs 24:17,18 Rejoice not when your enemy falls, and let not your heart be glad …

adversity [heb.] halting

Psalm 38:17 For I am ready to halt, and my sorrow is continually before me.

Jeremiah 20:10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say …

1 Corinthians 13:6 Rejoices not in iniquity, but rejoices in the truth;

the objects

Psalm 22:16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed …

Psalm 69:12 They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards.

Job 30:1-12 But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers …

Matthew 27:27-30,39-44 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, …

Acts 17:5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took to them certain …

I knew

Psalm 35:8 Let destruction come on him at unawares; and let his net that he …

they

Psalm 7:2 Lest he tear my soul like a lion, rending it in pieces, while there …

Psalm 57:4 My soul is among lions: and I lie even among them that are set on …

Job 16:9 He tears me in his wrath, who hates me: he gnashes on me with his …

(15) In mine adversity.--Better, at my fall.

The abjects . . .--The Hebrew word occurs only here. It is derived from a root meaning to smite, but its form is perplexing. The ancient versions all give it an active sense. LXX. and Vulg. "whips"; Symmachus, "smiters"; Chaldee, "the wicked who smite me with their words," probably a correct paraphrase. The passive, "these smitten," or "objects," is due to R. Kimchi.

And I knew it not--i.e., either (1) "unawares," as in Psalm 35:8; (2) "for what reason I knew not"; (3) "whom I knew not"; (4) "and I was innocent." Of these possible explanations (2) is to be preferred.

Verse 15. - But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together; rather, in my fall, or in my halting; "when I halted" (Revised Version). "The word implies a sudden slip and overthrow," such as is represented in 1 Samuel 18:8-29. Yea, the abjects gathered themselves together against me. Compare the case of Job (Job 30:1-14). It is a matter of common experience that when men fall from a high position into misfortune, the base vulgar crowd always turns against them with scoffs and jeers and every sort of contumely. And I knew it not; rather, and I knew them not; men, i.e., of so low a condition, that I had no acquaintance with them (see the margin of the Revised Version). They did tear me, and ceased not (comp. Job 16:9). But in mine adversity they rejoiced,.... Or "at my halting" (u), either by means of falling into sin; good men are subject to slips and falls, and that to the dislocating or breaking of their bones, which cause them to go halting all their days; wicked men watch for their halting, as Jeremiah's familiars did for his, Jeremiah 20:10; and rejoice at it; see Psalm 38:16; or by falling into some misfortune or calamity; hence we render it "adversity", and may design some affliction or other, as in Micah 4:6, at which wicked men rejoice; see Ezekiel 35:15; so David's enemies rejoiced at his afflictions; and the enemies of his son and antitype, the Lord Jesus Christ, were glad when Judas offered to betray him to them; more so when they had got him into their hands; and most of all when he was condemned and crucified: and so do the enemies of his people, as the Philistines sported with Samson when he was in his adversity, and as the antichristian party will rejoice and send gifts one to another when the two witnesses are slain; but the saints have a gracious God, who knows their souls in adversity; a sympathizing high priest, who is touched with a feeling of their infirmities; and fellow saints that are afflicted with them in all their afflictions, and bear a part of their burdens;

and gathered themselves together; not to pity him, but to insult him; not to help him in his distress, but to add to it;

yea, the abjects gathered themselves together against me; mean persons, the refuse and scum of the earth; such as Job describes, Job 30:1; the word may be rendered "smitten" (w), either in spirit, as in Isaiah 66:2; they pretending sorrow of heart for his troubles; or rather smitten in body, in their feet, as Mephibosheth was; yet as lame as they were, and notwithstanding their lameness, they got together to rejoice at David's halting: or it may be best of all to understand it of their being smitten of God and afflicted; and the sense may be, that though the hand of God was upon them, this did not deter them from gathering together to insult David in his afflictions; some render the word "smiters" (x), that is, with their tongues, and so the Targum, "the wicked who smite with their words"; see Jeremiah 18:18; and such sort of persons were they that gathered together against Christ: it is true indeed that some of them were men of rank and figure, were the princes of this world, as Herod and Pontius Pilate, and the Jewish rulers, Acts 4:27, compared with Psalm 2:1; but the greater part of them were the meaner sort of people; particularly the Roman soldiers that gathered about him, and sported with him in Pilate's hall, and that surrounded him with scoffs when upon the cross; these also were literally "smiters" of him, both with words and with their hands, and are so called, Isaiah 50:6;

and I knew it not; David knew his enemies, or he could not have shown so much concern for them, as he did in the preceding verses; but either he knew not of their gathering together against him; until he saw them in great numbers about him; or he was not conscious to himself of any evil he had done them, that should be the reason of it; and this was the case of his son the Messiah, he who they were that gathered about him, even those that blindfolded him, and bid him prophesy who smote him; but he knew no sin he had done why he should be treated in the manner he was;

they did tear me, and ceased not; not their own garments, as some supply it, pretending great grief of heart for him; nor their mouth with laughing at him, as others; see Psalm 35:21; but either his character and reputation, with hard sayings and reproachful words, or his flesh with blows; and this they did incessantly; and which was literally true of Christ, whose enemies tore his flesh, by plucking off the hair, by buffeting and scourging him, and by piercing his hands and his feet with nails, when they crucified him; and they ceased not, even after death, to pierce his side with a spear.

(u) "in claudicatione mea", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus, Gejerus, Michaelis; so Ainsworth. (w) "percussi", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus, Cocceius. (x) So Ainsworth. 15, 16. On the contrary, they rejoiced in his affliction. Halting, or, "lameness," as in Ps 38:17 for any distress.

abjects—either as cripples (compare 2Sa 4:4), contemptible; or, degraded persons, such as had been beaten (compare Job 30:1-8).

I knew it not—either the persons, or, reasons of such conduct.

tear me, and ceased not—literally, "were not silent"—showing that the tearing meant slandering.35:11-16 Call a man ungrateful, and you can call him no worse: this was the character of David's enemies. Herein he was a type of Christ. David shows how tenderly he had behaved towards them in afflictions. We ought to mourn for the sins of those who do not mourn for themselves. We shall not lose by the good offices we do to any, how ungrateful soever they may be. Let us learn to possess our souls in patience and meekness like David, or rather after Christ's example.
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