Job 30:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A base and nameless brood, they were driven out of the land.

New Living Translation
They are nameless fools, outcasts from society.

English Standard Version
A senseless, a nameless brood, they have been whipped out of the land.

New American Standard Bible
"Fools, even those without a name, They were scourged from the land.

King James Bible
They were children of fools, yea, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Foolish men, without even a name. They were forced to leave the land.

International Standard Version
Sons of fools and of uncertain reputation, they have been driven from the land by scourging."

NET Bible
Sons of senseless and nameless people, they were driven out of the land with whips.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Godless fools and worthless people are forced out of the land with whips.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They were sons of fools and men without names; they were lower than the earth.

King James 2000 Bible
They were children of fools, yea, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.

American King James Version
They were children of fools, yes, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.

American Standard Version
They are children of fools, yea, children of base men; They were scourged out of the land.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The children of foolish and base men, and not appearing at all upon the earth.

Darby Bible Translation
Sons of fools, and sons of nameless sires, they are driven out of the land.

English Revised Version
They are children of fools, yea, children of base men; they were scourged out of the land.

Webster's Bible Translation
They were children of fools, yes, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.

World English Bible
They are children of fools, yes, children of base men. They were flogged out of the land.

Young's Literal Translation
Sons of folly -- even sons without name, They have been smitten from the land.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

30:1-14 Job contrasts his present condition with his former honour and authority. What little cause have men to be ambitious or proud of that which may be so easily lost, and what little confidence is to be put in it! We should not be cast down if we are despised, reviled, and hated by wicked men. We should look to Jesus, who endured the contradiction of sinners.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 8. - They were children of fools. The physical degeneracy whereof Job has been speaking is accompanied in most instances by extreme mental incapacity. Some of the degraded races cannot count beyond four or five; others have not more than two or three hundred words in their vocabulary. They are all of low intellect, though occasionally extremely artful and cunning. Yea, children of base men; literally, children of no name. Their race had never made for itself any name, but was unknown and insignificant. They were viler than the earth; rather, they were scourged out of the land. This must not be understood literally. It is a rhetorical repetition of what had been already said in ver. 5. The expression may be compared with the tale in Herodotus, that when the Scythian slaves rebelled and took up arms, the Scythians scourged them into subjection (Herod., 4:3, 4).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

They were children of fools,.... Their parents were fools, or they themselves were such; foolish children, or foolish men, were they that derided Job; and their derision of him was a proof of it: the meaning is not that they were idiots, or quite destitute of reason and natural knowledge, but that they were men of slender capacities; they were "Nabal like", which is the word here used of them; and, indeed, it may easily be concluded, they could not have much knowledge of men and things, from their pedigree, education, and manner of living before described; though rather this may signify their being wicked men, or children of such, which is the sense of the word "fool" frequently in the Psalms of David, and in the Proverbs of Solomon; and men may be fools in this sense, as having no understanding of divine and spiritual things, who yet have wit enough to do evil, though to do good they have no knowledge:

yea, children of base men, or "men without a name" (s); a kind without fame, Mr. Broughton renders it; an infamous generation of men, famous for nothing; had no name for blood, birth, and breeding; for families, for power and authority among men, having no title of honour or of office; nor for wealth, wisdom, nor strength, for which some have a name; but these men had no name but an ill one, for their folly and wickedness; had no good name, were of no credit and reputation with men; and perhaps, strictly and literally speaking, were without a name, being a spurious and bastardly breed; or living solitary in woods and deserts, in cliffs and caves; they belonged not to any tribe or nation, and so bore no name:

they are viler than the earth; on which they trod, and who are unworthy to tread upon it; and out of which their vile bodies were made, and yet were viler than that which is the basest of the elements, being most distant from heaven, the throne of God (t); they were not so valuable as some parts of the earth, the gold and silver, but were as vile as the dross of the earth, and viler than that; they were crushed and bruised, and "broken" more than the earth, as the word (u) signifies; they were as small and as contemptible as the dust of the earth and the mire of the streets, and more so; or than the men of the earth, as Aben Ezra observes, than the meanest and worst, and vilest of men: Mr. Broughton renders it, "banished from the earth"; smitten, stricken, and driven out of the land where they had dwelt, Job 30:5; whipped out of it, as some translate the word (w), as vagabonds; as a lazy, idle, pilfering set of people, not fit to be in human society; and by such base, mean, lowly people, were Christ and his apostles ill treated; see Matthew 23:33.

(s) "absque nomine", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus; so Beza, Mercerus, Piscator, Drusius, Michaelis, Cocceius. (t) See Weemse's Observat. Natural. c 3.((u) "contriti", Montanus, Bolducius; so the Targum. (w) "Flagellati", Schultens.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. fools—that is, the impious and abandoned (1Sa 25:25).

base—nameless, low-born rabble.

viler than, &c.—rather, they were driven or beaten out of the land. The Horites in Mount Seir (Ge 14:6 with which compare Ge 36:20, 21; De 2:12, 22) were probably the aborigines, driven out by the tribe to which Job's ancestors belonged; their name means troglodytæ, or "dwellers in caves." To these Job alludes here (Job 30:1-8, and Ge 24:4-8, which compare together).

Job 30:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
Job's Honor Turned into Contempt
7"Among the bushes they cry out; Under the nettles they are gathered together. 8"Fools, even those without a name, They were scourged from the land. 9"And now I have become their taunt, I have even become a byword to them.…
Cross References
Matthew 20:19
and will hand him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified. On the third day he will be raised to life!"

Job 30:7
They brayed among the bushes and huddled in the undergrowth.

Job 30:9
"And now those young men mock me in song; I have become a byword among them.

Psalm 35:15
But when I stumbled, they gathered in glee; assailants gathered against me without my knowledge. They slandered me without ceasing.

Nahum 3:6
I will pelt you with filth, I will treat you with contempt and make you a spectacle.
Treasury of Scripture

They were children of fools, yes, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.

children

2 Kings 8:18,27 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house …

2 Chronicles 22:3 He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab: for his mother was …

Psalm 49:10-13 For he sees that wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish …

Jeremiah 7:18 The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the …

Mark 6:24 And she went forth, and said to her mother, What shall I ask? And …

fools

Proverbs 1:7,22 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise …

Proverbs 16:22 Understanding is a wellspring of life to him that has it: but the …

base men. Heb. men of no name. viler

Job 40:4 Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer you? I will lay my hand on my mouth.

Psalm 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honors them that …

Isaiah 32:6 For the vile person will speak villainy, and his heart will work …

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