Matthew 27:39
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads

New Living Translation
The people passing by shouted abuse, shaking their heads in mockery.

English Standard Version
And those who passed by derided him, wagging their heads

Berean Study Bible
And those who passed by heaped abuse on Him, shaking their heads,

Berean Literal Bible
And those passing by kept railing at Him, wagging their heads

New American Standard Bible
And those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads

King James Bible
And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Those who passed by were yelling insults at Him, shaking their heads

International Standard Version
Those who passed by kept insulting him, shaking their heads,

NET Bible
Those who passed by defamed him, shaking their heads

New Heart English Bible
Those who passed by blasphemed him, wagging their heads,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But those who were passing by were reviling him and shaking their heads;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Those who passed by insulted him. They shook their heads

New American Standard 1977
And those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads

King James 2000 Bible
And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,

American King James Version
And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,

American Standard Version
And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they that passed by, blasphemed him, wagging their heads,

Darby Bible Translation
But the passers-by reviled him, shaking their heads

English Revised Version
And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads,

Webster's Bible Translation
And they that passed by, reviled him, wagging their heads,

Weymouth New Testament
And the passers-by reviled Him. They shook their heads at Him

World English Bible
Those who passed by blasphemed him, wagging their heads,

Young's Literal Translation
and those passing by were speaking evil of him, wagging their heads,
Study Bible
The Crucifixion
38Two robbers were crucified with Him, one on His right hand and the other on His left. 39And those who passed by heaped abuse on Him, shaking their heads, 40and saying, “You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross!”…
Cross References
2 Kings 19:21
"This is the word that the LORD has spoken against him: 'She has despised you and mocked you, The virgin daughter of Zion; She has shaken her head behind you, The daughter of Jerusalem!

Job 16:4
"I too could speak like you, If I were in your place. I could compose words against you And shake my head at you.

Psalm 22:7
All who see me sneer at me; They separate with the lip, they wag the head, saying,

Psalm 109:25
I also have become a reproach to them; When they see me, they wag their head.

Lamentations 2:15
All who pass along the way Clap their hands in derision at you; They hiss and shake their heads At the daughter of Jerusalem, "Is this the city of which they said, 'The perfection of beauty, A joy to all the earth '?"

Matthew 27:38
Two robbers were crucified with Him, one on His right hand and the other on His left.

Mark 15:29
Those who passed by heaped abuse on Him, shaking their heads and saying, "Aha! You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days,

Luke 22:65
And they said many other blasphemous things against Him.
Treasury of Scripture

And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,

reviled.

Psalm 22:6,7,17 But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people…

Psalm 31:11-13 I was a reproach among all my enemies, but especially among my neighbors, …

Psalm 35:15-21 But in my adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: …

Psalm 69:7-12,20 Because for your sake I have borne reproach; shame has covered my face…

Psalm 109:2,25 For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful are opened …

Lamentations 1:12 Is it nothing to you, all you that pass by? behold, and see if there …

Lamentations 2:15-17 All that pass by clap their hands at you; they hiss and wag their …

Mark 15:29,30 And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, …

Luke 23:35-39 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided …

1 Peter 2:22-24 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth…

(39) They that passed by.--The words bring before us the picture of a lounging crowd, strolling from one cross to the other, and mocking the central sufferer of the three. Rulers and chief priests were not ashamed to take part in the brutal mockery of a dying man. The spoken taunts were doubtless often repeated, and not always in the same form, but their burden is always the same.

Verse 39. - They that passed by. Golgotha being near a great high road and a much-frequented city gate (John 19:20), passersby were numerous, even without counting those who were attracted by the woeful sight. Many of them knew nothing of Christ's case, but seeing him punished in company with the two malefactors, thought that he was doubtless guilty of the same crimes as they; others, perhaps, who had seen his miracles and heard something of his teaching, conceived the notion that one whom the priests and rulers condemned must be a dangerous impostor, and deserved the cruelest of deaths. Reviled him; ἐβλασφήμουν: railed on him; blasphemabant (Vulgate). The expression, indeed, is true in its worse sense, for they who could thus revile the Son of God were guilty, however ignorantly, of gross impiety and irreverence. Wagging their heads. In mockery and contempt, thus fulfilling the psalmist's words, "All they that see me laugh me to scorn; they shoot out the lip, they shake the head;" and, "I am become a reproach unto them; when they see me, they shake their heads" (Psalm 22:7; Psalm 109:25). And they that passed by,.... In the road to or from Jerusalem; for, it seems, the crosses were placed by the wayside; or they who passed by the cross, the populace that came from Jerusalem, on purpose to see the sight,

reviled him, or "blasphemed him": they spoke all manner of evil of him, they could think of, to which he answered not a word; and which may teach us patience under the revilings of men: this was foretold of him, Psalm 89:51, "they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed", or "Messiah"; and which Jarchi explains by "the ends of the king Messiah"; his last times, towards the close of his days; and cites that passage in the Misna (z),

"in the heels, or, as Buxtorf renders it, in the end of the days of the Messiah impudence shall be multiplied,

as it now was exceedingly:

wagging their heads; in derision of him, and as exulting in his misery; see Isaiah 37:22. This also was prophesied of him in 27:35-44 It was usual to put shame upon malefactors, by a writing to notify the crime for which they suffered. So they set up one over Christ's head. This they designed for his reproach, but God so overruled it, that even his accusation was to his honour. There were crucified with him at the same time, two robbers. He was, at his death, numbered among the transgressors, that we, at our death, might be numbered among the saints. The taunts and jeers he received are here recorded. The enemies of Christ labour to make others believe that of religion and of the people of God, which they themselves know to be false. The chief priests and scribes, and the elders, upbraid Jesus with being the King of Israel. Many people could like the King of Israel well enough, if he would but come down from the cross; if they could but have his kingdom without the tribulation through which they must enter into it. But if no cross, then no Christ, no crown. Those that would reign with him, must be willing to suffer with him. Thus our Lord Jesus, having undertaken to satisfy the justice of God, did it, by submitting to the punishment of the worst of men. And in every minute particular recorded about the sufferings of Christ, we find some prediction in the Prophets or the Psalms fulfilled.
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