Matthew 27:38
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Two rebels were crucified with him, one on his right and one on his left.

New Living Translation
Two revolutionaries were crucified with him, one on his right and one on his left.

English Standard Version
Then two robbers were crucified with him, one on the right and one on the left.

New American Standard Bible
At that time two robbers were crucified with Him, one on the right and one on the left.

King James Bible
Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then two criminals were crucified with Him, one on the right and one on the left.

International Standard Version
At that time two bandits were crucified with him, one on his right and the other on his left.

NET Bible
Then two outlaws were crucified with him, one on his right and one on his left.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And two robbers were crucified with him, one at his right hand and one at his left.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At that time they crucified two criminals with him, one on his right and the other on his left.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then there were two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand and another on the left.

King James 2000 Bible
Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.

American King James Version
Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.

American Standard Version
Then are there crucified with him two robbers, one on the right hand and one on the left.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then were crucified with him two thieves: one on the right hand, and one on the left.

Darby Bible Translation
Then are crucified with him two robbers, one on the right hand and one on the left.

English Revised Version
Then are there crucified with him two robbers, one on the right hand, and one on the left.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then were there two thieves crucified with him: one on the right hand, and another on the left.

Weymouth New Testament
At the same time two robbers were crucified with Him, one at His right hand and the other at His left.

World English Bible
Then there were two robbers crucified with him, one on his right hand and one on the left.

Young's Literal Translation
Then crucified with him are two robbers, one on the right hand, and one on the left,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

27:35-44 It was usual to put shame upon malefactors, by a writing to notify the crime for which they suffered. So they set up one over Christ's head. This they designed for his reproach, but God so overruled it, that even his accusation was to his honour. There were crucified with him at the same time, two robbers. He was, at his death, numbered among the transgressors, that we, at our death, might be numbered among the saints. The taunts and jeers he received are here recorded. The enemies of Christ labour to make others believe that of religion and of the people of God, which they themselves know to be false. The chief priests and scribes, and the elders, upbraid Jesus with being the King of Israel. Many people could like the King of Israel well enough, if he would but come down from the cross; if they could but have his kingdom without the tribulation through which they must enter into it. But if no cross, then no Christ, no crown. Those that would reign with him, must be willing to suffer with him. Thus our Lord Jesus, having undertaken to satisfy the justice of God, did it, by submitting to the punishment of the worst of men. And in every minute particular recorded about the sufferings of Christ, we find some prediction in the Prophets or the Psalms fulfilled.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 38. - Then. St. Matthew does not give the exact sequence of events, generally grouping them together for ethical and other kindred reasons. Probably these two malefactors were crucified immediately after cur Lord. Thieves; λῃσταί: robbers, brigands (Matthew 21:13). Thus was Christ "numbered with the transgressors" (Isaiah 53:12). St. Luke alone relates the acceptance of the penitent thief. If he was the one set on the right hand, possibly the careful mention of the position of the two robbers, which is found in the ether evangelists, may have a silent reference to this episode. We know from Josephus ('Ant.,' 16:10, 8; 20:8, 10; 'Belt. Jud.,' 2:12, 2, etc.) that Palestine was infested with banditti, who were rigorously pursued by the Romans, and were commonly crucified when captured. Doubtless these two criminals had been taken red-handed in some act of robbery and murder, and it was an exquisite malice that treated Jesus as their comrade and accomplice, and placed him in the position of their leader. But Augustine sees a spiritual signification in this scene: "The very cross was the tribunal of Christ; for the Judge was placed in the middle; one thief, who believed, was set free; the other, who reviled, was condemned; which signified what he was already about to do with the quick and dead; being about to set some on his right hand, but ethers on his left."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Then were there two thieves crucified with him,.... Which seems contrary to one of their canons, which runs thus; .

, "they do not judge two in one day" (y), unless they were both in the same crime, and died the same death: but here were three persons, Jesus, and these two malefactors, condemned and executed in one, and the same day: these two thieves were led out with Jesus, to be put to death with him, according to Luke 23:32, and were crucified with him upon the same spot of ground; their death was the same, but not their crime:

one the right hand, and another on the left; and Jesus in the midst, as John relates, John 19:18, and hereby was fulfilled, as Mark observes, Mark 15:28, a prophecy in Isaiah 53:12. If this was so ordered by Pilate, it might be done in order to cover the sin, and take off the reproach of putting an innocent person to death, suggesting hereby he was one of them; though this seems rather to be done by the Jews, the soldiers agreeing to it, for the greater reproach of Jesus; intimating, that he was the worst of these malefactors, and a ringleader of such sort of persons: and whereas they had observed, he took it ill at their hands that they should come to apprehend him with swords and staves, as if he was a thief and a robber; to vex and distress him the more, they crucify him between two such persons: but the grand reason why it was so ordered, was, that though Christ was no transgressor, he was accounted one, and stood in the room and stead of sinners, and was numbered with them, and as such was treated by divine justice, and accordingly died for them,

(y) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 35. 1. & 46. 1. Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 8. fol. 190. 1.



Matthew 27:38 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Crucifixion
37And above His head they put up the charge against Him which read, "THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS." 38At that time two robbers were crucified with Him, one on the right and one on the left. 39And those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads…
Cross References
Matthew 27:37
Above his head they placed the written charge against him: this is jesus, the king of the jews.

Matthew 27:39
Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads

Luke 23:32
Two other men, both criminals, were also led out with him to be executed.
Treasury of Scripture

Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.

Matthew 27:44 The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.

Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall …

Mark 15:27,28 And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, …

Luke 22:37 For I say to you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished …

Luke 23:32,33,39-43 And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death…

John 19:18 Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side …

John 19:31-35 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies …

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