Matthew 27:33
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They came to a place called Golgotha (which means "the place of the skull").

New Living Translation
And they went out to a place called Golgotha (which means "Place of the Skull").

English Standard Version
And when they came to a place called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull),

Berean Study Bible
And when they came to a place called Golgotha, which means The Place of the Skull,

Berean Literal Bible
And having come to a place called Golgotha, which is called Place of a Skull,

New American Standard Bible
And when they came to a place called Golgotha, which means Place of a Skull,

King James Bible
And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When they came to a place called Golgotha (which means Skull Place),

International Standard Version
When they came to a place called Golgotha (which means "Skull Place"),

NET Bible
They came to a place called Golgotha (which means "Place of the Skull")

New Heart English Bible
They came to a place called "Golgotha," that is to say, "The place of a skull."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they came to the place that was called “Gagultha”, which is interpreted, “a Skull”.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They came to a place called Golgotha (which means "the place of the skull").

New American Standard 1977
And when they had come to a place called Golgotha, which means Place of a Skull,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, the place of a skull,

King James 2000 Bible
And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,

American King James Version
And when they were come to a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,

American Standard Version
And they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, The place of a skull,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they came to the place that is called Golgotha, which is the place of Calvary.

Darby Bible Translation
And having come to a place called Golgotha, which means Place of a skull,

English Revised Version
And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, The place of a skull,

Webster's Bible Translation
And when they had come to a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,

Weymouth New Testament
and so they came to a place called Golgotha, which means 'Skull-ground.'

World English Bible
They came to a place called "Golgotha," that is to say, "The place of a skull."

Young's Literal Translation
and having come to a place called Golgotha, that is called Place of a Skull,
Study Bible
The Crucifixion
32Along the way they found a man from Cyrene, named Simon, and they forced him to carry the cross of Jesus. 33And when they came to a place called Golgotha, which means The Place of the Skull, 34they offered Him wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, He refused to drink it.…
Cross References
Mark 15:22
They brought Jesus to a place called Golgotha, which means The Place of the Skull.

Luke 23:33
When they came to the place called The Skull, they crucified Him there, along with the criminals, one on His right and the other on His left.

John 19:17
Carrying His own cross, He went out to The Place of the Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha.
Treasury of Scripture

And when they were come to a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,

Golgotha.

Mark 15:22 And they bring him to the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, …

Luke 23:27-33 And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which …

John 19:17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place …

(33) A place called Golgotha.--The other Gospels give the name with the definite article, as though it were a well-known locality. It is not mentioned, however, by any Jewish writer, and its position is matter of conjecture. It was "nigh unto the city" (John 19:20), and therefore outside the walls (comp. Hebrews 13:12). There was a garden in it (John 19:41), and in the garden a tomb, which was the property of Joseph of Arimatha (Matthew 27:60). A tradition, traceable to the fourth century, has identified the spot with the building known as the Church of the Sepulchre. One eminent archaeologist of our own time (Mr. James Fergusson) identifies it with the Dome of the Rock in the Mosque of El Aksa. Both sites were then outside the city, but were afterwards enclosed by the third wall, built by Agrippa II. The name has been supposed by some to point to its being a common place of execution; but it is not probable that the skulls of criminals would have been left unburied, nor that a wealthy Jew should have chosen such a spot for a garden and a burial-place. The facts lead rather to the conclusion (1) that the name indicated the round, bare, skull-like character of the eminence which was so called; and (2) that it may have been chosen by the priests as a deliberate insult to the member of their own body who had refused to share their policy, and was at least suspected of discipleship, and whose garden, or orchard, with its rock-hewn sepulchre, lay hard by (Mark 15:43; Luke 23:51; John 19:38). A later legend saw in the name a token that the bones of Adam were buried there, and that as the blood flowed from the sacred wounds on his skull his soul was translated to Paradise. The more familiar name of Calvary (Luke 23:35) has its origin in the Vulgate rendering (Calvarium=& skull) of the Greek word Kranion, or Cranium, which the Evangelist actually uses.

Verse 33. - A place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull; quod est Calvariae locus (Vulgate). Hence the Latinized name Calvary. The word means "a skull;" but why the spot was so called is a doubtful question. That it was the usual place of execution is a suggestion with no proof, and one would expect the designation in this case to be "the place of skulls." Tradition (authorized by Origen) pointed to it as the spot where Adam was buried, and where his skull was found - a story that seems to have arisen from the typical reason that it was congruous that the first Adam and the second Adam should meet in death, the latter winning the victory there where the former showed his defeat. Most probably the name was given to it as descriptive of its appearance, a bare space of rock (not a hill) denuded of verdure, and bearing a distant resemblance to a human skull wanting hair. The actual situation of Calvary is hotly contested by exegetes and travellers, and is still far from being determined. The only criterion offered by our accounts in the Gospels is that it was without the then walls of the city, not far from one or the gates, and by the side of one of the principal roads leading from the city to the country. A certain knoll on the hill Gareb towards the northwest, by which the Damascus road led, and to which Jeremiah (Jeremiah 31:39) refers, is supposed, not very happily, to answer these requirements, If the present Church of the Holy Sepulchre, on the northwest of Jerusalem, really contains the actual Golgotha and the tomb of our Lord, the course of the second wall as usually drawn cannot be correct, as it embraces this site completely (see the Guardian, August 30, 1893, p. 1353). Opinion, always altering, has lately been inclined to endorse the authenticity of many of the traditional sites in the holy city and its neighbourhood. Further discoveries will set this and other matters at rest. Meantime, judgment must be suspended (see on ver. 51). And when they were come to a place called Golgotha,.... The true pronunciation is "Golgoltha", and so it is read in Munster's Hebrew Gospel. It is a Syriac word, in which language letters are often left out: in the Syriac version of this place, the first "l" is left out, and the latter retained, and it is read "Gogoltha": and so, in the Persic, "Gagulta"; and in the Arabic, "Gagalut". The Ethiopic version reads it, "Golgotha"; and so, Dr. Lightfoot observes, it is read by the Samaritan interpreter of the first chapter of Numbers:

that is to say, a place of a skull: some say Adam's skull was found here, and from thence the place had its name; this is an ancient tradition, but without foundation (m): it seems to be so called, because it was the place where malefactors were executed, and afterwards buried; whose bones and skulls in process of time might be dug up, and some of them might lie scattered about in this place: for, one that was executed as a malefactor (n),

"they did not bury him in the sepulchres of his ancestors; but there were two places of burial appointed by the sanhedrim; one for those that were stoned, and for those that were burnt; and another for those that were killed with the sword, and for those that were strangled; and when their flesh was consumed, they gathered the bones, and buried them in their place;

i.e. in the sepulchres of their ancestors. This place was as infamous as our Tyburn, and to be crucified at "Golgotha", was as ignominious as to be hanged at Tyburn; which shows what shame and disgrace our Lord was brought, and what he condescended to bear on our account,

(m) Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 6. sect. 4. 5. (n) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 43. 1. Maimon. Hilch. Sauhedrin, c. 13. sect. 2, 3.27:31-34 Christ was led as a Lamb to the slaughter, as a Sacrifice to the altar. Even the mercies of the wicked are really cruel. Taking the cross from him, they compelled one Simon to bear it. Make us ready, O Lord, to bear the cross thou hast appointed us, and daily to take it up with cheerfulness, following thee. Was ever sorrow like unto his sorrow? And when we behold what manner of death he died, let us in that behold with what manner of love he loved us. As if death, so painful a death, were not enough, they added to its bitterness and terror in several ways.
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Matthew 27:32
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