Matthew 27:32
Parallel Verses
New International Version
As they were going out, they met a man from Cyrene, named Simon, and they forced him to carry the cross.

New Living Translation
Along the way, they came across a man named Simon, who was from Cyrene, and the soldiers forced him to carry Jesus' cross.

English Standard Version
As they went out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. They compelled this man to carry his cross.

New American Standard Bible
As they were coming out, they found a man of Cyrene named Simon, whom they pressed into service to bear His cross.

King James Bible
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
As they were going out, they found a Cyrenian man named Simon. They forced this man to carry His cross.

International Standard Version
As they were leaving, they found a man from Cyrene named Simon, whom they forced to carry Jesus' cross.

NET Bible
As they were going out, they found a man from Cyrene named Simon, whom they forced to carry his cross.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And as they went out, they found a Cyrenian man whose name was Shimeon; they compelled him to carry his cross.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On the way they found a man named Simon. He was from the city of Cyrene. The soldiers forced him to carry Jesus' cross.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name; him they compelled to bear his cross {Gr. stauros – stake}.

King James 2000 Bible
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.

American King James Version
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.

American Standard Version
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to go with them , that he might bear his cross.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And going out, they found a man of Cyrene, named Simon: him they forced to take up his cross.

Darby Bible Translation
And as they went forth they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name; him they compelled to go [with them] that he might bear his cross.

English Revised Version
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to go with them, that he might bear his cross.

Webster's Bible Translation
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they constrained to bear his cross.

Weymouth New Testament
Going out they met a Cyrenaean named Simon; whom they compelled to carry His cross,

World English Bible
As they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name, and they compelled him to go with them, that he might carry his cross.

Young's Literal Translation
And coming forth, they found a man, a Cyrenian, by name Simon: him they impressed that he might bear his cross;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

27:31-34 Christ was led as a Lamb to the slaughter, as a Sacrifice to the altar. Even the mercies of the wicked are really cruel. Taking the cross from him, they compelled one Simon to bear it. Make us ready, O Lord, to bear the cross thou hast appointed us, and daily to take it up with cheerfulness, following thee. Was ever sorrow like unto his sorrow? And when we behold what manner of death he died, let us in that behold with what manner of love he loved us. As if death, so painful a death, were not enough, they added to its bitterness and terror in several ways.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 32. - As they came out; i.e. from the city gate which led to the place of execution. They found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. He was, as the other synoptists mention, coming out of the country to Jerusalem, where probably he lived. Cyrene was a district in the north of Africa, under Roman rule, and colonized by a large number of Jews (Josephus, 'Cont. Apion.,' 2:4; 'Ant.,' 14:07. 2), who had a synagogue of their own at Jerusalem (Acts 6:9). Simon doubtless became a follower of Christ, and St. Mark mentions his two sons, Alexander and Rufus, as well known believers (see Romans 16:13). Probably the guards saw in him some tokens of sympathy with Christ and compassion for his sufferings; or they used his services simply as being a foreigner, and not likely to resent being put to a task which a Hebrew would deem the lowest degradation. Him they compelled (ἠγγάρευσαν, impressed) to bear his cross. The verb translated "compelled" is derived from the Persian, and implies the compulsory power possessed by couriers of requisitioning horses and carriages in forwarding despatches (see Matthew 5:41). The cross was probably the ordinary Latin cross, crux immissa, of which, however, the lower limb below the transom was longer than the upper; and this latter afforded a place where could be affixed the board containing the inscription. It was not as tall as usually represented; we are told that beasts of prey were able to gnaw the bodies hung thereon. In fact, the culprit's feet were only just raised above the ground, being drawn up till the soles lay flat on the upright beam. Nails were driven through the hands and feet, and the body was supported partly by these, and partly by a projecting pin of wood called the seat. The rest for the feet, often seen in pictures, was never used. A slight covering was allowed for decency's sake, the rest of the body being stripped of clothing; and thus the condemned, exposed to scorching sun, bleeding from the cruel scourge, suffering untold agonies, was left to die. Whether Jesus carried the whole cross or only the transom is uncertain. It is possible that the two were tied together by a rope at one end, so as to form an inverted V, and fastened in the proper position at the place of execution. However this may he, it proved too heavy a burden for him to bear. Spent with his long vigil and lack of food, his spirit afflicted by the agony in the garden and the unknown sufferings then and afterwards, his body tortured with open wounds and weakened with loss of blood, he sank beneath the weight, as he staggered weariedly along the rough and hilly streets, Either from a momentary compunction, or more probably flora impatience at the slowness of the poor Sufferer's movements, the soldiers gladly seized on Simon to relieve the Prisoner of the cross, or to share its weight, and thus enable them sooner to complete their cruel task.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And as they came out,.... Of the city; for no execution was made, neither in the court of judicature, nor in the city, but at some distance; as it was at stoning, so at crucifixion (h):

"when judgment was finished, they brought him out to be stoned; the place of stoning was without the sanhedrim, as it is said, Leviticus 24:14, "bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp".

Upon which the gloss and Gemara say (i), without the three camps; which were these, the court which was the camp of the Shekinah; or the divine presence; and the mountain of the house, the camp of the Levites; and the city, the camp of Israel; so that he that was executed, was had without the city. Maimonides (k) says,

"the place in which the sanhedrim executed, was without it, and at a distance from it, as it is said, Leviticus 24:14, and it appears to me, that it was about six miles distant; for so far it was between the sanhedrim of Moses our master, which was before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the camp of Israel.

So Jesus went without the camp, and suffered without the gate, as the antitype of the red heifer; see Numbers 19:3, compared with Hebrews 13:11, and the notes there,

They found a man of Cyrene: a place in Libya, and one of the five cities called Pentapolis: which were these, Berenice, Arsinoe, Ptolemais, Apollonia, and Cyrene (l); Kir in Amos 1:5 is rendered by the Targum, "Cyrene", as it is also by the Vulgate Latin. There were many Jews dwelt here, as appears from Acts 2:10, as this man was a Jew, as his name shows; and besides, there was a synagogue of the Cyrenian Jews at Jerusalem, Acts 6:9, so that though he was a native of Cyrene, he might now dwell there, and some of these were converted to the faith of Christ; for of those that were scattered abroad at the death of Stephen, some were men of Cyrene, Acts 11:19. And it is very likely, that this man was a favourer of Christ, which might be one reason why they laid hold on him, and obliged him to bear the cross of Christ; since he was the father of Alexander and Rufus, who were men of note among the first Christians:

Simon by name; of which name was one of the apostles, and a common name among the Jews, and signifies hearkening and obedient: and none are fit to bear, or will bear the cross of Christ, but such who hearken to his voice, and are obedient to him, being made willing in the day of his power:

him they compelled to bear his cross; which they did, not out of good will to Christ, but fearing lest through his faintness and weakness, he should, die before he got to the place of execution, and they be disappointed of their end, the crucifixion of him; or because they were in haste to have him executed, and he was not able to go so fast as they desired; for when they, first came out, the cross was laid upon Christ, and he bore it, as John relates; but he being weak and ready to faint under it, and not able to go the pace they would have him, and meeting with this man, they press him to bear it after him: which he might be unwilling to do, partly because it was scandalous and ignominious; and partly, because if a favourer of Jesus, he did not choose to be any ways accessary to his death: but he was obliged to it; and it may be observed from hence, that taking up the cross and following Christ, is disagreeable to flesh and blood: though the spirit may be willing, the flesh recoils; none care for it, or choose to bear it, unless constrained to it,

(h) Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 6. sect. 1.((i) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 42. 2.((k) Hilch. Sanhedrin, c. 12. sect. 3.((l) Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 5.



Matthew 27:32 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Crucifixion
32As they were coming out, they found a man of Cyrene named Simon, whom they pressed into service to bear His cross. 33And when they came to a place called Golgotha, which means Place of a Skull,…
Cross References
Mark 15:21
A certain man from Cyrene, Simon, the father of Alexander and Rufus, was passing by on his way in from the country, and they forced him to carry the cross.

Luke 23:26
As the soldiers led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus.

John 19:17
Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha).

Acts 2:10
Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome

Acts 6:9
Opposition arose, however, from members of the Synagogue of the Freedmen (as it was called)--Jews of Cyrene and Alexandria as well as the provinces of Cilicia and Asia--who began to argue with Stephen.

Acts 11:20
Some of them, however, men from Cyprus and Cyrene, went to Antioch and began to speak to Greeks also, telling them the good news about the Lord Jesus.

Acts 13:1
Now in the church at Antioch there were prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen (who had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch) and Saul.
Treasury of Scripture

And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.

as.

Leviticus 4:3,12,21 If the priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the …

Numbers 15:35,36 And the LORD said to Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: …

1 Kings 21:10,13 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against …

Acts 7:58 And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid …

Hebrews 13:11,12 For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary …

they found.

Matthew 16:24 Then said Jesus to his disciples, If any man will come after me, …

Mark 15:21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of …

Luke 23:26 And as they led him away, they laid hold on one Simon, a Cyrenian, …

Cyrene.

Acts 2:10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about …

Acts 6:9 Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called the synagogue …

Acts 11:20 And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they …

Acts 13:1 Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets …

Jump to Previous
Bear Carry Compelled Constrained Cross Cyrenaean Cyrene Cyre'ne Cyrenian Forced Forth Found Impressed Met Pressed Service Simon
Jump to Next
Bear Carry Compelled Constrained Cross Cyrenaean Cyrene Cyre'ne Cyrenian Forced Forth Found Impressed Met Pressed Service Simon
Links
Matthew 27:32 NIV
Matthew 27:32 NLT
Matthew 27:32 ESV
Matthew 27:32 NASB
Matthew 27:32 KJV

Matthew 27:32 Bible Apps
Matthew 27:32 Bible Suite
Matthew 27:32 Biblia Paralela
Matthew 27:32 Chinese Bible
Matthew 27:32 French Bible
Matthew 27:32 German Bible

Alphabetical: a and As bear carry coming cross Cyrene forced found from going him His into man met named of out pressed service Simon the they to were whom

NT Gospels: Matthew 27:32 As they came out they found (Matt. Mat Mt) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Matthew 27:31
Top of Page
Top of Page