Romans 16:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too.

New Living Translation
Greet Rufus, whom the Lord picked out to be his very own; and also his dear mother, who has been a mother to me.

English Standard Version
Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord; also his mother, who has been a mother to me as well.

New American Standard Bible
Greet Rufus, a choice man in the Lord, also his mother and mine.

King James Bible
Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord; also his mother--and mine.

International Standard Version
Greet Rufus, the one chosen by the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too.

NET Bible
Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother who was also a mother to me.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Invoke the peace of Rufus, chosen in Our Lord, and of his mother and mine.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Greet Rufus, that outstanding Christian, and his mother, who has been a mother to me too.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Salute Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

King James 2000 Bible
Greet Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

American King James Version
Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

American Standard Version
Salute Rufus the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Salute Rufus, elect in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

Darby Bible Translation
Salute Rufus, chosen in [the] Lord; and his mother and mine.

English Revised Version
Salute Rufus the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

Webster's Bible Translation
Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

Weymouth New Testament
Greetings to Rufus, who is one of the Lord's chosen people; and to his mother, who has also been a mother to me.

World English Bible
Greet Rufus, the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

Young's Literal Translation
Salute Rufus, the choice one in the Lord, and his mother and mine,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

16:1-16 Paul recommends Phebe to the Christians at Rome. It becomes Christians to help one another in their affairs, especially strangers; we know not what help we may need ourselves. Paul asks help for one that had been helpful to many; he that watereth shall be watered also himself. Though the care of all the churches came upon him daily, yet he could remember many persons, and send salutations to each, with particular characters of them, and express concern for them. Lest any should feel themselves hurt, as if Paul had forgotten them, he sends his remembrances to the rest, as brethren and saints, though not named. He adds, in the close, a general salutation to them all, in the name of the churches of Christ.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 13. - Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. Observe the graceful way in which St. Paul intimates his obligation to the mother of Rufus, who at some time (though when and where we know not) had been as a mother to himself. Similar delicate courtesy of language is especially observable in the Epistle to Philemon.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord,.... This was a Roman name; frequent mention is made Jewish writings (u) of one Turnus Rufus, a Roman officer, that destroyed the temple, and ploughed up the city of Jerusalem; the name was in use among the Cyrenians, for one of the sons of Simon of Cyrene, whom the Jews compelled to carry the cross of Christ, was so called, Mark 15:21; and some have thought that the same person is here meant, nor is it unlikely; he is said to be one of the seventy disciples, and to be bishop of Thebes; See Gill on Luke 10:1. The apostle knew him, and that as one "chosen in the Lord"; meaning either that he was a choice believer in Christ, an excellent Christian, one of the highest form; for though all true believers have like precious faith, yet some are strong, and others weak, in the exercise of it; this man was eminent for his faith in Christ: or he might be one that was chosen to some office in the church, as to that of a deacon, or pastor; though had this been the case, it is much the particular office was not mentioned: rather therefore this is to be understood of his being chosen in Christ to grace and glory and that from all eternity; for the phrase is only used in one place more, Ephesians 1:4; and there most manifestly designs the election of persons in Christ, before the foundation of the world; which election is made not "for" Christ, or the sake of his merits, his blood, righteousness and sacrifice, which have no causal influence on this act, and which purely arises from the love and grace of God; nor merely "by" him as God equal with the Father, though this is true; but "in" him, as the head and representative of the chosen ones: this instance, as others, shows that election is not of nations, nor churches, but of particular persons; and so expresses the distinguishing, free, and sovereign grace of God in it, that one and not another should be chosen; though these are on an equal foot, and so not owing to foreseen faith, holiness, and good works. The apostle knew this man to be a chosen vessel, not by immediate revelation, or divine inspiration, but by his faith in Christ, and love to him, and by the power of the Gospel on him; and so may anyone know himself, or another man hereby to be chosen, and ought in a judgment of charity so to think of him, as long as his life is agreeably to his profession; see 1 Thessalonians 1:4. The apostle not only salutes this man, but his mother also, who doubtless was a believer in Christ, and highly respected by him:

and his mother and mine; the mother of Rufus in nature, and his mother in affection; and who very probably had endeared herself to the apostle by some kind offices, which she, as a Christian, had performed towards him; for the apostle cannot mean his own natural mother, besides Rufus's, whom he salutes, and whom Anselm on the place suggests might be at Rome; since it can hardly be thought he would have passed the mention of her in so transient a manner.

(u) T. Hieros. Taanioth, fol. 69. 2. T. Bab. Nedar. fol. 50. 2. Avoda Zara, fol. 20. 1. & Sanhedrin, fol. 65. 2. Juchasin, fol. 36. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

13. Salute Rufus, chosen—"the chosen"

in the Lord—meaning, not "who is one of the elect," as every believer is, but "the choice" or "precious one" in the Lord. (See 1Pe 2:4; 2Jo 13). We read in Mr 15:21 that Simon of Cyrene, who was compelled to bear our Lord's cross, was "the father of Alexander and Rufus." From this we naturally conclude that when Mark wrote his Gospel, Alexander and Rufus must have been well known as Christians among those by whom he expected his Gospel to be first read; and, in all likelihood, this was that very "Rufus"; in which case our interest is deepened by what immediately follows about his mother.

and—salute.

his mother and mine—The apostle calls her "his own mother," not so much as our Lord calls every elderly woman believer His mother (Mt 12:49, 50), but in grateful acknowledgment of her motherly attentions to himself, bestowed no doubt for his Master's sake, and the love she bore to his honored servants. To us it seems altogether likely that the conversion of Simon the Cyrenian dated from that memorable day when "passing [casually] by, as he came from the country" (Mr 15:21), "they compelled him to bear the" Saviour's cross. Sweet compulsion, if what he thus beheld issued in his voluntarily taking up his own cross! Through him it is natural to suppose that his wife would be brought in, and that this believing couple, now "heirs together of the grace of life" (1Pe 3:7), as they told their two sons, Alexander and Rufus, what honor had unwittingly been put upon their father at that hour of deepest and dearest moment to all Christians, might be blessed to the inbringing of both of them to Christ. In this case, supposing the elder of the two to have departed to be with Christ ere this letter was written, or to have been residing in some other place, and Rufus left alone with his mother, how instructive and beautiful is the testimony here borne to her!

Romans 16:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
Personal Greetings and Love
12Greet Tryphaena and Tryphosa, workers in the Lord. Greet Persis the beloved, who has worked hard in the Lord. 13Greet Rufus, a choice man in the Lord, also his mother and mine. 14Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the brethren with them.…
Cross References
Mark 15:21
A certain man from Cyrene, Simon, the father of Alexander and Rufus, was passing by on his way in from the country, and they forced him to carry the cross.

Romans 16:12
Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, those women who work hard in the Lord. Greet my dear friend Persis, another woman who has worked very hard in the Lord.

Romans 16:14
Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the other brothers and sisters with them.

2 John 1:1
The elder, To the lady chosen by God and to her children, whom I love in the truth--and not I only, but also all who know the truth--
Treasury of Scripture

Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

Rufus.

Mark 15:21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of …

chosen.

Matthew 20:16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, …

John 15:16 You have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, …

Ephesians 1:4 According as he has chosen us in him before the foundation of the …

2 Thessalonians 2:13 But we are bound to give thanks always to God for you, brothers beloved …

2 John 1:1 The elder to the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the …

his.

Matthew 12:49,50 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold …

Mark 3:35 For whoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and …

John 19:27 Then said he to the disciple, Behold your mother! And from that hour …

1 Timothy 5:2 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.

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