Job 30:28
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
I go about blackened, but not by the sun; I stand up in the assembly and cry for help.

New Living Translation
I walk in gloom, without sunlight. I stand in the public square and cry for help.

English Standard Version
I go about darkened, but not by the sun; I stand up in the assembly and cry for help.

New American Standard Bible
"I go about mourning without comfort; I stand up in the assembly and cry out for help.

King James Bible
I went mourning without the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the congregation.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I walk about blackened, but not by the sun. I stood in the assembly and cried out for help.

International Standard Version
"In growing darkness, I walked without sunlight; I stood in the congregation to cry for help.

NET Bible
I go about blackened, but not by the sun; in the assembly I stand up and cry for help.

New Heart English Bible
I go mourning without the sun. I stand up in the assembly, and cry for help.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I walk in the dark without the sun. I stand up in public and call for help.

JPS Tanakh 1917
I go mourning without the sun; I stand up in the assembly, and cry for help.

New American Standard 1977
“I go about mourning without comfort;
            I stand up in the assembly and cry out for help.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I went about darkened, but not by the sun; I stood up and cried out in the congregation.

King James 2000 Bible
I went mourning but not in the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the congregation.

American King James Version
I went mourning without the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the congregation.

American Standard Version
I go mourning without the sun: I stand up in the assembly, and cry for help.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I went mourning without indignation; I rose up, and cried in the crowd.

Darby Bible Translation
I go about blackened, but not by the sun; I stand up, I cry in the congregation.

English Revised Version
I go mourning without the sun: I stand up in the assembly, and cry for help.

Webster's Bible Translation
I went mourning without the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the congregation.

World English Bible
I go mourning without the sun. I stand up in the assembly, and cry for help.

Young's Literal Translation
Mourning I have gone without the sun, I have risen, in an assembly I cry.
Study Bible
Job's Prosperity Becomes Calamity
27"I am seething within and cannot relax; Days of affliction confront me. 28"I go about mourning without comfort; I stand up in the assembly and cry out for help. 29"I have become a brother to jackals And a companion of ostriches.…
Cross References
Job 19:7
"Behold, I cry, 'Violence!' but I get no answer; I shout for help, but there is no justice.

Job 30:31
"Therefore my harp is turned to mourning, And my flute to the sound of those who weep.

Psalm 38:6
I am bent over and greatly bowed down; I go mourning all day long.

Psalm 42:9
I will say to God my rock, "Why have You forgotten me? Why do I go mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?"

Psalm 43:2
For You are the God of my strength; why have You rejected me? Why do I go mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?
Treasury of Scripture

I went mourning without the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the congregation.

Psalm 38:6 I am troubled; I am bowed down greatly; I go mourning all the day long.

Psalm 42:9 I will say to God my rock, Why have you forgotten me? why go I mourning …

Psalm 43:2 For you are the God of my strength: why do you cast me off? why go …

Isaiah 53:3,4 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted …

Lamentations 3:1-3 I AM the man that has seen affliction by the rod of his wrath…

(28) I went mourning without the sun.--Rather, I go mourning without the sun; or, according to some, "blackened, but not by the sun." We give the preference to the other.

I stood up, and I cried in the congregation--i.e., not merely in secret, but in the face of all men.

Verses 28, 29. - I went mourning without the sun; rather, I go about blackened, but not by the sun. Grief and suffering, according to Oriental notions, blackened the face (see Lamentations 4:8; Lamentations 5:10; Psalm 119:83; and below, ver. 30). I stood up, and I cried in the congregation; rather, I stand up in the assembly and cry for help (see the Revised Version). Job feels this as the most pitiable feature in his ease. He is broken down; he can no longer endure. At first he could sit in silence for seven days (Job 2:13); now he is reduced to uttering complaints and lamentations. He is a brother, not to dragons, but to jackals. His laments are like the long melancholy cries that those animals emit during the silence of the night, so well known to Eastern travellers. He adds further that he is a companion, not to owls, but to ostriches; which, like jackals, have a melancholy cry (see Micah 1:8; and comp. Dr. Hooker's article in Smith's 'Dict. of the Bible,' vol. 2. p. 650). I went mourning without the sun,.... So overwhelmed with grief, that he refused to have any comfort from, or any advantage by the sun; hence Mr. Broughton renders it, "out of the sun"; he did not choose to walk in the sunshine, but out of it, to indulge his grief and sorrow the more; or he went in black attire, and wrapped and covered himself with it, that he might not see the sun, or receive any relief by it: or "I go black, but not by the sun" (q); his face and his skin were black, but not through the sun looking upon him and discolouring him, as in Sol 1:6; but through the force of his disease, which had changed his complexion, and made him as black as a Kedarene, or those that dwell in the tents of Kedar, Sol 1:5; and he also walked without the sun of righteousness arising on him, with healing in his wings, which was worst of all:

I stood up, and I cried in the congregation: either in the congregation of the saints met together for religious worship, where he cried unto God for help and deliverance, and for the light of his countenance, Job 30:20; or such was the extreme anguish of his soul, that when a multitude of people got about him to see him in his distressed condition, he could not contain himself, but burst out before them in crying and tears, though he knew it was unbecoming a man of his age and character; or he could not content himself to stay within doors and soothe his grief, but must go abroad and in public, and there expressed with strong cries and tears his miserable condition.

(q) "non propter solem", Vatablus; "non a sole", Junius & Tremellius, Drusius, Mercerus; "non ob solem", Piscator. 28. mourning—rather, I move about blackened, though not by the sun; that is, whereas many are blackened by the sun, I am, by the heat of God's wrath (so "boiled," Job 30:27); the elephantiasis covering me with blackness of skin (Job 30:30), as with the garb of mourning (Jer 14:2). This striking enigmatic form of Hebrew expression occurs, Isa 29:9.

stood up—as an innocent man crying for justice in an assembled court (Job 30:20).30:15-31 Job complains a great deal. Harbouring hard thoughts of God was the sin which did, at this time, most easily beset Job. When inward temptations join with outward calamities, the soul is hurried as in a tempest, and is filled with confusion. But woe be to those who really have God for an enemy! Compared with the awful state of ungodly men, what are all outward, or even inward temporal afflictions? There is something with which Job comforts himself, yet it is but a little. He foresees that death will be the end of all his troubles. God's wrath might bring him to death; but his soul would be safe and happy in the world of spirits. If none pity us, yet our God, who corrects, pities us, even as a father pitieth his own children. And let us look more to the things of eternity: then the believer will cease from mourning, and joyfully praise redeeming love.
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