|New International Version (©2011)|
He alone stretches out the heavens and treads on the waves of the sea.
New Living Translation (©2007)
He alone has spread out the heavens and marches on the waves of the sea.
English Standard Version (©2001)
who alone stretched out the heavens and trampled the waves of the sea;
New American Standard Bible (©1995)
Who alone stretches out the heavens And tramples down the waves of the sea;
King James Bible (Cambridge Ed.)
Which alone spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea.
Holman Christian Standard Bible (©2009)
He alone stretches out the heavens and treads on the waves of the sea.
International Standard Version (©2012)
He alone spreads out the heavens, he walks on the waves of the sea.
NET Bible (©2006)
he alone spreads out the heavens, and treads on the waves of the sea;
GOD'S WORD® Translation (©1995)
He stretches out the heavens by himself and walks on the waves of the sea.
King James 2000 Bible (©2003)
Who alone spreads out the heavens, and treads upon the waves of the sea.
American King James Version
Which alone spreads out the heavens, and treads on the waves of the sea.
American Standard Version
That alone stretcheth out the heavens, And treadeth upon the waves of the sea;
Who alone spreadeth out the heavens, and walketh upon the waves of the sea.
Darby Bible Translation
Who alone spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the high waves of the sea;
English Revised Version
Which alone stretcheth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea.
Webster's Bible Translation
Who alone spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea.
World English Bible
He alone stretches out the heavens, and treads on the waves of the sea.
Young's Literal Translation
Stretching out the heavens by Himself, And treading on the heights of the sea,
|Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary|
9:1-13 In this answer Job declared that he did not doubt the justice of God, when he denied himself to be a hypocrite; for how should man be just with God? Before him he pleaded guilty of sins more than could be counted; and if God should contend with him in judgment, he could not justify one out of a thousand, of all the thoughts, words, and actions of his life; therefore he deserved worse than all his present sufferings. When Job mentions the wisdom and power of God, he forgets his complaints. We are unfit to judge of God's proceedings, because we know not what he does, or what he designs. God acts with power which no creature can resist. Those who think they have strength enough to help others, will not be able to help themselves against it.
Verse 8. - Which alone spreadeth out the heavens (comp. Psalm 104:2; Isaiah 40:22). The heavens are regarded as spread out over the whole earth, like a curtain or awning over a tent, everywhere overshadowing and promoting it. This "stretching" or "spreading out" is felt to be one of the mightiest and most marvellous of the Creater's works, and is constantly put forward in Scripture as a special evidence of his omnipotence (see, besides the pasages above quoted, Isaiah 42:5; Isaiah 44:24; Isaiah 45:12; It. 13; Jeremiah 10:12). It adds to the marvellousness that God did it all "alone," or "by himself" (comp. Isaiah 44:24). And treadeth upon the waves of the sea; literally, the heights of the sea; i.e. the waves, which run mountains-high. God plants his feet upon these, to crush them in their proud might (comp. Psalm 93:5).
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
Which alone spreadeth out the heavens,.... The expanse, or what we commonly translate "firmament"; but has its name in the Hebrew language from its being expanded, spread, and stretched out, over the earth and all around it; and seems chiefly to design the ether or atmosphere, which is a fine thin matter and substance spread around us, and which is sometimes spread with clouds; this is said to be stretched out like a curtain and a tent to dwell in, tents being made of curtains spread out, Isaiah 40:21; and the allusion may be to a military tent, the pavilion of a general of an army, as Pineda observes, from whence Jehovah plays his artillery upon his enemies, thunder, lightning, hailstones, and coals of fire; see Psalm 18:11; this respects not so much the first creation, or spreading of the air or the heavens, as the continuance thereof; God continues to spread them, or to keep them spread, that they may not be rolled up as a scroll; or folded up as a garment, as they will be, Hebrews 1:12; and this he does alone, without the help of any creature, angels or men; any piece of tapestry or carpet, that is large, is not easily spread alone; but what power must the vast expanse of the heavens require, to be spread alone and continued so? nothing less than infinite; see Isaiah 44:24; some render it, "which boweth the heavens" (c), as the same word is rendered in Psalm 18:9; which he does when he fills them with clouds, so that they seem to hang low, and to be inclined towards the earth:
and treadeth upon the waves of the sea (d); which he did at the first creation, when the waters that covered the face of the earth were, by his order, collected into one place, and there shut up, and restrained from overflowing the earth; and which restraint, as it is an act of power over them, is designed by treading upon them, and a continued act may be the rather meant here; see Genesis 1:8; and when the waves of it are lifted up as high as they sometimes are, by strong and stormy winds, the Lord on high is mightier than they, he treads upon them and represses them; he rules their raging, stills their noise, and makes them smooth, calm, and quiet, Psalm 65:7; this none but God can do: the Egyptian hieroglyphic of doing a thing impossible was a man's walking upon water (e); the Heathens chose not to describe even their god of the sea, Neptune, by walking on it, as being too great for him, but by swimming (f); of Christ's walking upon the sea, see Matthew 14:25; it may be rendered, "the high places of the sea": the waves of it, when mounted to a great height by the wind; so Mr. Broughton, "the high waves of the sea", see Psalm 107:25; there is a copy, as the lesser Massorah observes, which reads, "upon the high places of the cloud" (g), see Isaiah 14:14; and Gersom interprets these high places, of the heavens, and of God's giving rain from thence.
(c) "inclinat coelum", Piscator. (d) "super excelsa maris", Pagninus, Montanus, &c. "summitates maris", Tigurine version; "celsos vertices maris", Schultens. (e) Orus Apollo, apud Bolduc. (f) Cicero de Natura Deorum, l. 2.((g) "Legitur et" "pro" i.e. "super excelsas nubes", Vatablus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
8. spreadeth out—(Isa 40:22; Ps 104:2). But throughout it is not so much God's creating, as His governing, power over nature that is set forth. A storm seems a struggle between Nature and her Lord! Better, therefore, "Who boweth the heavens alone," without help of any other. God descends from the bowed-down heaven to the earth (Ps 18:9). The storm, wherein the clouds descend, suggests this image. In the descent of the vault of heaven, God has come down from His high throne and walks majestically over the mountain waves (Hebrew, "heights"), as a conqueror taming their violence. So "tread upon" (De 33:29; Am 4:13; Mt 14:26). The Egyptian hieroglyphic for impossibility is a man walking on waves.
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