Psalm 56:1
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New International Version
For the director of music. To the tune of "A Dove on Distant Oaks." Of David. A miktam. When the Philistines had seized him in Gath. Be merciful to me, my God, for my enemies are in hot pursuit; all day long they press their attack.

New Living Translation
For the choir director: A psalm of David, regarding the time the Philistines seized him in Gath. To be sung to the tune "Dove on Distant Oaks." O God, have mercy on me, for people are hounding me. My foes attack me all day long.

English Standard Version
Be gracious to me, O God, for man tramples on me; all day long an attacker oppresses me;

New American Standard Bible
For the choir director; according to Jonath elem rehokim. A Mikhtam of David, when the Philistines seized him in Gath. Be gracious to me, O God, for man has trampled upon me; Fighting all day long he oppresses me.

King James Bible
To the chief Musician upon Jonathelemrechokim, Michtam of David, when the Philistines took him in Gath. Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For the choir director: according to "A Silent Dove Far Away." A Davidic Miktam. When the Philistines seized him in Gath. Be gracious to me, God, for man tramples me; he fights and oppresses me all day long.

International Standard Version
Have mercy on me, God, because men have harassed me. Those who oppress me have fought against me all day long.

NET Bible
For the music director; according to the yonath-elem-rechovim style; a prayer of David, written when the Philistines captured him in Gath. Have mercy on me, O God, for men are attacking me! All day long hostile enemies are tormenting me.

New Heart English Bible
[For the Chief Musician. To the tune of "Silent Dove in Distant Lands." A poem by David, when the Philistines seized him in Gath.] Be merciful to me, God, for man wants to swallow me up. All day long, he attacks and oppresses me.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Show mercy upon me, God, because man has trodden upon me, and all day the warrior has persecuted me, because a multitude of warriors are risen up against me.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[For the choir director; according to [yonath elem rechokim]; a [miktam] by David when the Philistines captured him in Gath.] Have pity on me, O God, because people are harassing me. All day long warriors oppress me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For the Leader; upon Jonath-elem-rehokim. [A Psalm] of David; Michtam; when the Philistines took him in Gath. Be gracious unto me, O God, for man would swallow me up; All the day he fighting oppresseth me.

New American Standard 1977
Be gracious to me, O God, for man has trampled upon me;
            Fighting all day long he oppresses me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Be merciful unto me, O God, for man would swallow me up; he oppresses me fighting me daily.

King James 2000 Bible
Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresses me.

American King James Version
Be merciful to me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresses me.

American Standard Version
Be merciful unto me, O God; for man would swallow me up: All the day long he fighting oppresseth me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Unto the end, for a people that is removed at a distance from the sanctuary for David, for an inscription of a title (or pillar ) when the Philistines held him in Geth. Have mercy on me, O God, for man hath trodden me under foot; all the day long he hath afflicted me fighting against me.

Darby Bible Translation
{To the chief Musician. On Jonathelem-rechokim. Of David. Michtam; when the Philistines took him in Gath.} Be gracious unto me, O God; for man would swallow me up: all the day long fighting he oppresseth me.

English Revised Version
For the Chief Musician; set to Jonath elem rehokim. A Psalm of David: Michtam: when the Philistines took him in Gath. Be merciful unto me, O God; for man would swallow me up: all the day long he fighting oppresseth me.

Webster's Bible Translation
To the chief Musician upon Jonathelem-rechokim, Michtam of David, when the Philistines took him in Gath. Be merciful to me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me.

World English Bible
Be merciful to me, God, for man wants to swallow me up. All day long, he attacks and oppresses me.

Young's Literal Translation
To the Overseer. -- 'On the Dumb Dove far off.' -- A secret treasure of David, in the Philistines' taking hold of him in Gath. Favour me, O God, for man swallowed me up, All the day fighting he oppresseth me,
Study Bible
Be Merciful to Me, God
1For the choir director; according to Jonath elem rehokim. A Mikhtam of David, when the Philistines seized him in Gath. Be gracious to me, O God, for man has trampled upon me; Fighting all day long he oppresses me. 2My foes have trampled upon me all day long, For they are many who fight proudly against me.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 21:10
Then David arose and fled that day from Saul, and went to Achish king of Gath.

1 Samuel 21:11
But the servants of Achish said to him, "Is this not David the king of the land? Did they not sing of this one as they danced, saying, 'Saul has slain his thousands, And David his ten thousands '?"

Psalm 17:9
From the wicked who despoil me, My deadly enemies who surround me.

Psalm 35:25
Do not let them say in their heart, "Aha, our desire!" Do not let them say, "We have swallowed him up!"

Psalm 57:3
He will send from heaven and save me; He reproaches him who tramples upon me. Selah. God will send forth His lovingkindness and His truth.

Psalm 119:58
I sought Your favor with all my heart; Be gracious to me according to Your word.

Psalm 124:3
Then they would have swallowed us alive, When their anger was kindled against us;

Isaiah 49:19
"For your waste and desolate places and your destroyed land-- Surely now you will be too cramped for the inhabitants, And those who swallowed you will be far away.
Treasury of Scripture

Be merciful to me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresses me.

A.M.

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when

1 Samuel 21:11-15 And the servants of Achish said to him, Is not this David the king …

1 Samuel 29:4 And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him; and the princes …

Be

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Psalm 69:13-16 But as for me, my prayer is to you, O LORD, in an acceptable time: …

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Psalm 143:12 And of your mercy cut off my enemies, and destroy all them that afflict …

swallow

Psalm 21:9 You shall make them as a fiery oven in the time of your anger: the …

Psalm 27:2 When the wicked, even my enemies and my foes, came on me to eat up …

Psalm 35:25 Let them not say in their hearts, Ah, so would we have it: let them …

Psalm 57:3 He shall send from heaven, and save me from the reproach of him that …

Psalm 106:17 The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan and covered the company of Abiram.

Psalm 124:3 Then they had swallowed us up quick, when their wrath was kindled against us:

Proverbs 1:12 Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that …

Lamentations 2:2,5,16 The LORD has swallowed up all the habitations of Jacob, and has not pitied…

Hosea 8:8 Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a …

1 Corinthians 15:54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this …

(1) Man . . .--Heb., ensh, either as in Psalm 9:19, "mortal man," or, contemptuously, "a rabble, a multitude."

Verse 1. - Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; literally, man panteth after me - like a wild beast after his prey. The contrast is sharp between "man" (enosh, "weak man") and God (Elohim, "the Mighty One"). He fighting daily oppreseeth me; rather, all the day long is he fighting and oppressing me. Be merciful unto me, O God,.... For David could expect no mercy at the hands of men, among whom he was, whose tender mercies were cruel; he being at Gath, the city of Goliath, whom he had slain, and whose sword he had now with him; and among his brethren and friends, who he might justly fear would revenge his death upon him: wherefore he betakes himself to God, and pleads not any merit or righteousness of his own, but implores the grace and mercy of God; and he might expect to find grace and mercy in this his time of need, since there is mercy with the Lord; he is plenteous in it, distributes it freely, delights in so doing, and does it constantly; his mercy endures for ever, it is from everlasting to everlasting on them that fear him;

for man would swallow me up; the Targum renders it "isbi", a wicked man: it may be understood of some one man, some great man, as Achish king of Gath; or rather Saul king of Israel, who breathed and panted after his ruin and destruction, as the word (p), signifies; who sought to eat up his flesh, to take away his life, and utterly ruin him: or collectively of many, since it appears, by the following verse, that he had many enemies who were desirous to swallow him up. This he mentions as an aggravation of his distress, and as a reason why he hoped the Lord would be merciful to him; and that he, being God, would not suffer than to prevail; see 2 Chronicles 14:12;

he fighting daily oppresseth me; this shows that Saul is more especially intended, who was continually with his army pursuing him, and sometimes surrounded him and his men, and reduced him to great distress. This may be applied to the old man, the corruptions of nature, and the lusts of the flesh, which are continually warring against the soul, oppress it, bring it into captivity, and threaten to swallow it up.

(p) "anhelus persequitur me", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "anhelat in me", Cocceius; "contra me", Gejerus. 1 Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me.

2 Mine enemies would daily swallow me up: for they be many that fight against me, O thou most High.

"Be merciful unto me, O God." In my deep distress my soul turns to thee, my God. Man has no mercy on me, therefore double thy mercy to me. If thy justice has let loose my enemies, let thy mercy shorten their chain. It Is sweet to see how the tender dove-like spirit of the Psalmist flies to the tenderest attribute for succour in the hour of peril. "For man would swallow me up." He is but thy creature, a mere man, yet like a monster he is eager for blood, he pants, he gapes for me; he would not merely wound me, or feed on my substance, but he would fain swallow me altogether, and so make an end of me. The open mouths of sinners when they rage against us should open our months in prayer. We may plead the cruelty of men as a reason for the divine interposition - a father is soon aroused when his children are shamefully entreated. "He fighting daily oppresseth me." He gives me no interval - he fights daily. He is successful in his unrighteous war - he oppresses me, he crushes me, he presses me sore. David has his eye on the leader of his foes, and lays his plaint against him in the right place. If we may thus plead against man, much more against that great enemy of souls, the devil. We ask the Lord to forgive us our trespasses, which is another way of saying, "Be merciful unto me, O God," and then we say, "Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one." The more violent the attack of Satan the stronger our plea for deliverance.

Psalm 56:2

"Mine enemies would daily swallow me up." Their appetite for blood never fails them. With them there is no truce or armistice. They are many, but one mind animates them. Nothing I can do can make them relent. Unless they can quite devour me they will never be content. The ogres of nursery tales exist in reality in the enemies of the church, who would crush the bones of the godly, and make a mouthful of them if they could. "For they be many that fight against me." Sinners are gregarious creatures. Persecutors hunt in packs. These wolves of the church seldom come down upon us singly. The number of our foes is a powerful plea for the interposition of the one Defender of the faithful, who is mightier than all their bands. These foes of the gracious are also keen-eyed, and ever on the watch, hence the margin calls them "observers." "O thou most High." Thus he invokes against the lofty ones of the earth the aid of one who is higher than the highest. Some translate the words differently, and think that the writer means that his foes assailed him from the high places in which pride and power had placed them. Saul, his great foe, attacked him from his throne with all the force which his high position placed at his disposal: our comfort in such a case is near to hand, for God will help us from a higher place than our proudest foes can occupy. The greatness of God as the Most High is a fertile source of consolation to weak saints oppressed by mighty enemies. PSALM 56

Ps 56:1-13. Upon Jonath-elem-rechokim—literally, "upon the dove of silence" of distant places; either denoting a melody (see on [598]Ps 9:1) of that name, to which this Psalm was to be performed; or it is an enigmatical form of denoting the subject, as given in the history referred to (1Sa 21:11, etc.), David being regarded as an uncomplaining, meek dove, driven from his native home to wander in exile. Beset by domestic and foreign foes, David appeals confidently to God, recites his complaints, and closes with joyful and assured anticipations of God's continued help.

1, 2. would swallow—literally, "pants as a raging beast" (Ac 9:1).56:1-7 Be merciful unto me, O God. This petition includes all the good for which we come to throne of grace. If we obtain mercy there, we need no more to make us happy. It implies likewise our best plea, not our merit, but God's mercy, his free, rich mercy. We may flee to, and trust the mercy of God, when surrounded on all sides by difficulties and dangers. His enemies were too hard for him, if God did not help him. He resolves to make God's promises the matter of his praises, and so we have reason to make them. As we must not trust an arm of flesh when engaged for us, so we must not be afraid of an arm of flesh when stretched out against us. The sin of sinners will never be their security. Who knows the power of God's anger; how high it can reach, how forcibly it can strike?
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Alphabetical: A all attack Be David day director Distant Dove Fighting For Gath God gracious had has he him hotly in long man me men merciful miktamWhen music O Oaks of on oppresses Philistines press pursue seized the their they To trampled tune upon

OT Poetry: Psalm 56:1 For the Chief Musician (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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