Psalm 21:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When you appear for battle, you will burn them up as in a blazing furnace. The LORD will swallow them up in his wrath, and his fire will consume them.

New Living Translation
You will throw them in a flaming furnace when you appear. The LORD will consume them in his anger; fire will devour them.

English Standard Version
You will make them as a blazing oven when you appear. The LORD will swallow them up in his wrath, and fire will consume them.

New American Standard Bible
You will make them as a fiery oven in the time of your anger; The LORD will swallow them up in His wrath, And fire will devour them.

King James Bible
Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You will make them burn like a fiery furnace when you appear; the LORD will engulf them in His wrath, and fire will devour them.

International Standard Version
When you appear, you will set them ablaze like a fire furnace. In his wrath, the LORD will consume them, and the fire will devour them.

NET Bible
You burn them up like a fiery furnace when you appear; the LORD angrily devours them; the fire consumes them.

New Heart English Bible
You will make them as a fiery furnace in the time of your anger. The LORD will swallow them up in his wrath. The fire shall devour them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You will make them like a furnace of fire for the time of wrath.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When you appear, you will make them [burn]like a blazing furnace. The LORD will swallow them up in his anger. Fire will devour them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt make them as a fiery furnace in the time of thine anger; The LORD shall swallow them up in His wrath, And the fire shall devour them.

New American Standard 1977
You will make them as a fiery oven in the time of your anger;
            The LORD will swallow them up in His wrath,
            And fire will devour them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger; the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall make them as a fiery oven in the time of your anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.

American King James Version
You shall make them as a fiery oven in the time of your anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.

American Standard Version
Thou wilt make them as a fiery furnace in the time of thine anger: Jehovah will swallow them up in his wrath, And the fire shall devour them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt make them as an oven of fire, in the time of thy anger: the Lord shall trouble them in his wrath, and fire shall devour them.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt make them as a fiery furnace in the time of thy presence; Jehovah shall swallow them up in his anger, and the fire shall devour them:

English Revised Version
Thou shalt make them as a fiery furnace in the time of thine anger. The LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thy anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.

World English Bible
You will make them as a fiery furnace in the time of your anger. Yahweh will swallow them up in his wrath. The fire shall devour them.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou makest them as a furnace of fire, At the time of Thy presence. Jehovah in His anger doth swallow them, And fire doth devour them.
Study Bible
The King Rejoices in Your Strength!
8Your hand will find out all your enemies; Your right hand will find out those who hate you. 9You will make them as a fiery oven in the time of your anger; The LORD will swallow them up in His wrath, And fire will devour them. 10Their offspring You will destroy from the earth, And their descendants from among the sons of men.…
Cross References
Job 20:26
Complete darkness is held in reserve for his treasures, And unfanned fire will devour him; It will consume the survivor in his tent.

Psalm 2:5
Then He will speak to them in His anger And terrify them in His fury, saying,

Psalm 50:3
May our God come and not keep silence; Fire devours before Him, And it is very tempestuous around Him.

Psalm 140:10
"May burning coals fall upon them; May they be cast into the fire, Into deep pits from which they cannot rise.

Jeremiah 15:14
"Then I will cause your enemies to bring it Into a land you do not know; For a fire has been kindled in My anger, It will burn upon you."

Lamentations 2:2
The Lord has swallowed up; He has not spared All the habitations of Jacob. In His wrath He has thrown down The strongholds of the daughter of Judah; He has brought them down to the ground; He has profaned the kingdom and its princes.

Hosea 7:6
For their hearts are like an oven As they approach their plotting; Their anger smolders all night, In the morning it burns like a flaming fire.

Malachi 4:1
"For behold, the day is coming, burning like a furnace; and all the arrogant and every evildoer will be chaff; and the day that is coming will set them ablaze," says the LORD of hosts, "so that it will leave them neither root nor branch."
Treasury of Scripture

You shall make them as a fiery oven in the time of your anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.

Thou

Genesis 19:28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land …

Daniel 3:20-22 And he commanded the most mighty men that were in his army to bind …

Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day comes, that shall burn as an oven; and all the …

Matthew 13:42,50 And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing …

Matthew 25:41,46 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, …

2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that …

Revelation 20:14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

the Lord

Psalm 56:1,2 Be merciful to me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting …

Psalm 106:17 The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan and covered the company of Abiram.

Job 6:3 For now it would be heavier than the sand of the sea: therefore my …

Lamentations 2:2 The LORD has swallowed up all the habitations of Jacob, and has not pitied…

in his

Psalm 2:5,12 Then shall he speak to them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore …

Matthew 22:7 But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth …

1 Thessalonians 2:16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, …

Revelation 6:16,17 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from …

Revelation 19:15 And out of his mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it he should smite …

the fire

Psalm 18:8 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth …

Deuteronomy 32:22 For a fire is kindled in my anger, and shall burn to the lowest hell, …

Isaiah 26:11 LORD, when your hand is lifted up, they will not see: but they shall …

Nahum 1:6 Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness …

Matthew 3:10,12 And now also the ax is laid to the root of the trees: therefore every …

(9) Thou shalt make . . .--As it stands the figure is most obscure. Lamentations 5:10 is not analogous. Here the fire and not the blackness of the smoky oven is the object of comparison. A very slight literal change gives the sense obviously required: Thou shalt put them into a fiery oven. The figure is not drawn from Sodom and Gomorrah, but from a smelter's furnace. (Comp. Isaiah 31:9; Malachi 3:3. For the custom in its literal horror, see Jeremiah 48:45; Jeremiah 49:2; Amos 2:1, where the reference is to the Transjordanic tribes.) The Philistines subjected their enemies to a similar treatment (Judges 15:6).

In the time of thine anger.--Literally, of thy face, i.e., by thy very appearance. The dread majesty of God's face is often thus spoken of (Psalm 34:16; Leviticus 20:6). Here the same awful power of withering the wicked with a glance is ascribed to the representative of Jehovah. (Comp. Proverbs 16:14-15; Proverbs 19:12.) But, as if startled by the boldness of his own figure, the poet instantly refers to Jehovah.

In his wrath.--Literally, in his nostril, in direct parallelism with "face" in last clause.

Verse 9. - Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of his anger. Some suppose a reference to the event mentioned in 2 Samuel 12:31, "He (David) made them (the Ammonites) to pass through the brick-kiln.;" but the expression "fiery oven" is probably not intended to be taken literally, but metaphorically. Severe suffering is continually compared in Scripture to confinement in an oven or furnace (see Deuteronomy 4:20; 1 Kings 8:51; Isaiah 48:10; Jeremiah 11:4; Ezekiel 22:18, 20, 22; Malachi 4:1). And we may best understand the present passage to mean simply that in the time of his anger David would subject such of his enemies as fell into his hands to very terrible sufferings. (See, as showing what extreme severities David did sometimes inflict on captured enemies, 2 Samuel 12:31 which is to the point, as also is 1 Kings 11:15, 16.) The Lord shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them. The metaphor is followed up, with the addition that what was previously attributed to David alone is here declared to have the sanction of God. Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven,.... Some think the allusion is to David's causing the Ammonites to pass through the brick kiln, 2 Samuel 12:31; others to the burning of Sodom and Gomorrah: it represents what a severe punishment shall be inflicted on the enemies of Christ; they shall be cast into a fiery oven, or furnace of fire, as Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, were by the order of Nebuchadnezzar; so some render the words, "thou shalt put them into a fiery oven", "as", being put for "into" (c): wicked men are as dry trees, as stubble, as thorns or briers, and are fit fuel for a fiery oven or furnace; by which is meant the wrath and fury of God, which is poured forth as fire; and this has had its fulfilment in part in the Jews at Jerusalem's destruction; when that day of the Lord burned like an oven, and the proud and haughty Jews, and who dealt wickedly by Christ, were burned up in it, Malachi 4:1; and will have an additional accomplishment when the whore of Babylon shall be burnt with fire, and when the beast and false prophet shall be cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone; and still more fully at the general conflagration, when will be the perdition of ungodly men, and the earth and all that is therein shall be burnt up; and especially when all wicked men and devils shall be cast into the lake and furnace of fire, where will be weeping, wailing, and gnashing of teeth; see Revelation 17:16. This will be

in the time of thine anger, or "of thy countenance" (d); not his gracious, but his angry countenance; when he shall put on a fierce look, and appear as the Lion of the tribe of Judah, and stir up all his wrath;

the Lord shall swallow them up in his wrath; not that they shall be annihilated; their souls remain after death, and their bodies after the resurrection; and will be tormented with the fire of God's wrath for ever and ever; the phrase is expressive of utter ruin, of the destruction of soul and body in hell; see Psalm 35:25; Jarchi takes it to be a prayer, "may the Lord swallow them up", &c.

and the fire shall devour them; that is, as the Targum paraphrases it, the fire of hell; or, however, it designs the wrath of God, who is a consuming fire; or that fiery indignation of his, which shall devour the adversaries; which comes down upon them either in temporal judgments here, or in their everlasting destruction hereafter.

(c) Vide Aben Ezram in loc. (d) "vultus tui", V. L. so Sept. Aethiop. Gejerus, Muis, Ainsworth; "faciei iratae tuae", Junius & Tremellius; so Michaelis. 9. The king is only God's agent.

anger—literally, "face," as appearing against them.

as a fiery oven—as in it.21:7-13 The psalmist teaches to look forward with faith, and hope, and prayer upon what God would further do. The success with which God blessed David, was a type of the total overthrow of all Christ's enemies. Those who might have had Christ to rule and save them, but rejected him and fought against him, shall find the remembrance of it a worm that dies not. God makes sinners willing by his grace, receives them to his favour, and delivers them from the wrath to come. May he exalt himself, by his all-powerful grace, in our hearts, destroying all the strong-holds of sin and Satan. How great should be our joy and praise to behold our Brother and Friend upon the throne, and for all the blessings we may expect from him! yet he delights in his exalted state, as enabling him to confer happiness and glory on poor sinners, who are taught to love and trust in him.
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