Romans 2:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law will be judged by the law.

New Living Translation
When the Gentiles sin, they will be destroyed, even though they never had God's written law. And the Jews, who do have God's law, will be judged by that law when they fail to obey it.

English Standard Version
For all who have sinned without the law will also perish without the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law.

New American Standard Bible
For all who have sinned without the Law will also perish without the Law, and all who have sinned under the Law will be judged by the Law;

King James Bible
For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All those who sinned without the law will also perish without the law, and all those who sinned under the law will be judged by the law.

International Standard Version
For all who have sinned apart from the Law will also perish apart from the Law, and all who have sinned under the Law will be judged by the Law.

NET Bible
For all who have sinned apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For those who have sinned without The Written Law are also destroyed without The Written Law, and those who sinned with The Written Law will be judged by The Written Law.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Here's the reason: Whoever sins without having laws from God will still be condemned to destruction. And whoever has laws from God and sins will still be judged by them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law

King James 2000 Bible
For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;

American King James Version
For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;

American Standard Version
For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without the law: and as many as have sinned under the law shall be judged by the law;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For whosoever have sinned without the law, shall perish without the law; and whosoever have sinned in the law, shall be judged by the law.

Darby Bible Translation
For as many as have sinned without law shall perish also without law; and as many as have sinned under law shall be judged by law,

English Revised Version
For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned under law shall be judged by law;

Webster's Bible Translation
For as many as have sinned without law, shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law, shall be judged by the law,

Weymouth New Testament
For all who have sinned apart from the Law will also perish apart from the Law, and all who have sinned whilst living under the Law, will be judged by the Law.

World English Bible
For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without the law. As many as have sinned under the law will be judged by the law.

Young's Literal Translation
for as many as without law did sin, without law also shall perish, and as many as did sin in law, through law shall be judged,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:1-16 The Jews thought themselves a holy people, entitled to their privileges by right, while they were unthankful, rebellious, and unrighteous. But all who act thus, of every nation, age, and description, must be reminded that the judgment of God will be according to their real character. The case is so plain, that we may appeal to the sinner's own thoughts. In every wilful sin, there is contempt of the goodness of God. And though the branches of man's disobedience are very various, all spring from the same root. But in true repentance, there must be hatred of former sinfulness, from a change wrought in the state of the mind, which disposes it to choose the good and to refuse the evil. It shows also a sense of inward wretchedness. Such is the great change wrought in repentance, it is conversion, and is needed by every human being. The ruin of sinners is their walking after a hard and impenitent heart. Their sinful doings are expressed by the strong words, treasuring up wrath. In the description of the just man, notice the full demand of the law. It demands that the motives shall be pure, and rejects all actions from earthly ambition or ends. In the description of the unrighteous, contention is held forth as the principle of all evil. The human will is in a state of enmity against God. Even Gentiles, who had not the written law, had that within, which directed them what to do by the light of nature. Conscience is a witness, and first or last will bear witness. As they nature. Conscience is a witness, and first or last will bear witness. As they kept or broke these natural laws and dictates, their consciences either acquitted or condemned them. Nothing speaks more terror to sinners, and more comfort to saints, than that Christ shall be the Judge. Secret services shall be rewarded, secret sins shall be then punished, and brought to light.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - For as many as have sinned without Law (ἀνόμως) shall also perish without Law (ἀνόμως). Their perdition, if it ensues, will not be due to transgression of a code they had not, but to sin against such light as they had; if without knowledge of Law they sinned, without reference to Law their doom will he, And as many as have sinned in Law (or, under Law. Ἐν νόμῳ denotes the condition in which they were; cf. ἐν περιτομῇ and ἐν ὀκροβυστίᾳ, Romans 4:10) shall be judged by Law. The requirements of the Law which they knew they will be held accountable for transgressing - κριθήσονται here, instead of ἀπολοῦνται, because a definite standard of judgment is supposed (cf. Psalm 1.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For as many as have sinned without law,.... This is an instance of the strict justice of God, and proves him to be no respecter of persons; for the Gentiles, who were "without law", the written law of Moses, not without the law of nature in their breasts, nor without some civil laws and statutes of their own; inasmuch as they "sinned" against the God of nature, and the law and light of nature, they

shall also perish without law: not that their condemnation and perdition will be illegal, or not in due course of law; but it will not proceed upon, or according to the law of Moses, they never had; and much less for not believing in Christ, of whom they never heard; but their perdition will be for their sins committed without the law of Moses, against the law of nature: their not having the written law of Moses will be no plea in their favour, or be a reason why they should not be condemned; their persons will not be regarded as with or without the law, but their sins committed by them, to which facts their consciences will bear witness:

and, so on the other hand,

as many as have sinned in the law; who have been in and under the law of Moses, and have sinned against it, meaning the Jews:

shall be judged by the law; and condemned by it, as they were in this world, and will be hereafter: their having this law will be no bar against their condemnation, but rather an aggravation of it; their hearing of it will be no plea in their favour; nor their doing of it neither, unless they could have done it to perfection; for perfect obedience it requires, as a justifying righteousness, otherwise it curses, condemns, and adjudges to death.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

12. For as many as have sinned—not "as many as have sinned at all," but, "as many as are found in sin" at the judgment of the great day (as the whole context shows).

without law—that is, without the advantage of a positive Revelation.

shall also perish without law—exempt from the charge of rejecting or disregarding it.

and as many as have sinned in the law—within the pale of a positive, written Revelation.

shall be judged by the law—tried and condemned by the higher standard of that written Revelation.

Romans 2:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Righteous Judgment
11For there is no partiality with God. 12For all who have sinned without the Law will also perish without the Law, and all who have sinned under the Law will be judged by the Law; 13for it is not the hearers of the Law who are just before God, but the doers of the Law will be justified.…
Cross References
Acts 2:23
This man was handed over to you by God's deliberate plan and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross.

Romans 3:19
Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God.

1 Corinthians 9:21
To those not having the law I became like one not having the law (though I am not free from God's law but am under Christ's law), so as to win those not having the law.
Treasury of Scripture

For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;

For.

Romans 2:14,15 For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things …

Romans 1:18-21,32 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness …

Ezekiel 16:49,50 Behold, this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom, pride, fullness …

Matthew 11:22,24 But I say to you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at …

Luke 10:12-15 But I say to you, that it shall be more tolerable in that day for …

Luke 12:47,48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, …

John 19:11 Jesus answered, You could have no power at all against me, except …

Acts 17:30,31 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commands all …

in the law.

Romans 2:16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ …

Romans 3:19,20 Now we know that what things soever the law said, it said to them …

Romans 4:15 Because the law works wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.

Romans 7:7-11 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. No, I had not …

Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, …

Deuteronomy 27:26 Cursed be he that confirms not all the words of this law to do them. …

2 Corinthians 3:7-9 But if the ministration of death, written and engraved in stones, …

Galatians 2:16-19 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but …

Galatians 3:10,22 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for …

James 2:10 For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, …

Revelation 20:12-15 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books …

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