1 Corinthians 15:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.

New Living Translation
But in fact, Christ has been raised from the dead. He is the first of a great harvest of all who have died.

English Standard Version
But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.

New American Standard Bible
But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep.

King James Bible
But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.

International Standard Version
But at this moment the Messiah stands risen from the dead, the first one offered in the harvest of those who have died.

NET Bible
But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But now The Messiah is risen from among the dead and is the first fruits of those who sleep.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But now Christ has come back from the dead. He is the very first person of those who have died to come back to life.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But now Christ is risen from the dead and become the firstfruits of those that slept.

King James 2000 Bible
But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.

American King James Version
But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first fruits of them that slept.

American Standard Version
But now hath Christ been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of them that are asleep.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But now Christ is risen from the dead, the firstfruits of them that sleep :

Darby Bible Translation
(But now Christ is raised from among [the] dead, first-fruits of those fallen asleep.

English Revised Version
But now hath Christ been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of them that are asleep.

Webster's Bible Translation
But now is Christ raised from the dead, and become the first-fruits of them that slept.

Weymouth New Testament
But, in reality, Christ *has* risen from among the dead, being the first to do so of those who are asleep.

World English Bible
But now Christ has been raised from the dead. He became the first fruits of those who are asleep.

Young's Literal Translation
And now, Christ hath risen out of the dead -- the first-fruits of those sleeping he became,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

15:20-34 All that are by faith united to Christ, are by his resurrection assured of their own. As through the sin of the first Adam, all men became mortal, because all had from him the same sinful nature, so, through the resurrection of Christ, shall all who are made to partake of the Spirit, and the spiritual nature, revive, and live for ever. There will be an order in the resurrection. Christ himself has been the first-fruits; at his coming, his redeemed people will be raised before others; at the last the wicked will rise also. Then will be the end of this present state of things. Would we triumph in that solemn and important season, we must now submit to his rule, accept his salvation, and live to his glory. Then shall we rejoice in the completion of his undertaking, that God may receive the whole glory of our salvation, that we may for ever serve him, and enjoy his favour. What shall those do, who are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? Perhaps baptism is used here in a figure, for afflictions, sufferings, and martyrdom, as Mt 20:22,23. What is, or will become of those who have suffered many and great injuries, and have even lost their lives, for this doctrine of the resurrection, if the dead rise not at all? Whatever the meaning may be, doubtless the apostle's argument was understood by the Corinthians. And it is as plain to us that Christianity would be a foolish profession, if it proposed advantage to themselves by their faithfulness to God; and to have our fruit to holiness, that our end may be everlasting life. But we must not live like beasts, as we do not die like them. It must be ignorance of God that leads any to disbelieve the resurrection and future life. Those who own a God and a providence, and observe how unequal things are in the present life, how frequently the best men fare worst, cannot doubt as to an after-state, where every thing will be set to rights. Let us not be joined with ungodly men; but warn all around us, especially children and young persons, to shun them as a pestilence. Let us awake to righteousness, and not sin.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 20-28. - Results to be deduced from the fact of Christ's resurrection. Verse 20. - But now. Since the supposition that Christ has not risen involves so many suppositions which you will rightly reject as absurd, we may assume the eternal fact that Christ has been raised. And become the firstfruits of them that slept. As the wave sheaf (Leviticus 23:10), which was the firstfruits of the harvest, is also a pledge of the harvest, so Christ is the firstfruits and pledge of the resurrection of all mankind.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But now is Christ risen from the dead,.... As was before proved by ocular testimonies, and before preached and asserted; and now reassumed and concluded, from the glaring contradictions, and dreadful absurdities that follow the denial of it:

and became the firstfruits of them that slept; who were already fallen asleep; respecting chiefly the saints that died before the resurrection of Christ; and if Christ was the firstfruit of them, there is no difficulty of conceiving how he is the firstfruits of those that die since. The allusion is to the firstfruits of the earth, which were offered to the Lord: and especially to the sheaf of the firstfruits, which was waved by the priest before him, Deuteronomy 26:2 and to which Christ, in his resurrection from the dead, is here compared. The firstfruits were what first sprung out of the earth, were soonest ripe, and were first reaped and gathered in, and then offered unto the Lord; so Christ first rose from the dead, and ascended to heaven, and presented himself to God; as the representative of his people; for though there were others that were raised before him, as the widow of Sarepta's son by Elijah, the Shunammite's son by Elisha, and the man that touched the prophet's bones when put into his grave, and Jairus's daughter, the widow of Naam's son, and Lazarus by Christ; yet as these did not rise by their own power, so only to a mortal life: but Christ, as he raised himself by his own power, so he rose again to an immortal life, and was the first that ever did so; he was the first to whom God showed, and who first trod this path of life. The firstfruits were the best, what was then ripest, and so most valuable; Christ is the first, and rose the first in dignity, as well as in time; he rose as the head of the body, as the firstborn, the beginning, that in all things he might have, and appear to have, as he ought to have, the pre-eminence. The firstfruits sanctified the rest of the harvest, represented the whole, gave right to the ingathering of it, and ensured it; Christ by lying in the grave, and rising out of it, sanctified it for his people, and in his resurrection represented them; they rose with him, and in him; and their resurrection is secured by his; because he lives, they shall live also. The firstfruits were only such, and all this to the fruits of the earth, that were of the same kind with them, not to tares and chaff, to briers and thorns; so Christ, in rising from the dead, is only the firstfruits of the saints; of such as are the fruits of his death and of his grace, who have the fruits of his Spirit in them, and are filled with the fruits of righteousness by him; just as he is the firstborn from the dead, with respect to the many brethren, whom he stands in the relation of a firstborn: once more, as the allusion is particularly to the sheaf of the firstfruits, it is to be observed, that that was waved before the Lord, the morrow after the sabbath, Leviticus 23:11 which, as the Jews (f) interpret, was the morrow after the first good day, or festival of the passover; the passover was on the fourteenth day of the month; the festival, or Chagiga, on the fifteenth, and which, in the year that Christ suffered, was a sabbath day also; and the morrow after that, the sheaf of the firstfruits was waved; now Christ suffered on the passover, rested in the grave on the seventh day sabbath, and on the morrow after that, rose from the dead, the very day that the first fruits were offered to the Lord: so that the allusion and phrase are very appropriately used by the apostle.

(f) Targum & Jarchi in Leviticus 23.11.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

20. now—as the case really is.

and become—omitted in the oldest manuscripts.

the first-fruits—the earnest or pledge, that the whole resurrection harvest will follow, so that our faith is not vain, nor our hope limited to this life. The time of writing this Epistle was probably about the Passover (1Co 5:7); the day after the Passover sabbath was that for offering the first-fruits (Le 23:10, 11), and the same was the day of Christ's resurrection: whence appears the appropriateness of the image.

1 Corinthians 15:20 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Order of Resurrection
20But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. 21For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead.…
Cross References
Acts 2:24
But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him.

Acts 26:23
that the Messiah would suffer and, as the first to rise from the dead, would bring the message of light to his own people and to the Gentiles."

1 Corinthians 15:6
After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers and sisters at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep.

1 Corinthians 15:23
But each in turn: Christ, the firstfruits; then, when he comes, those who belong to him.

1 Thessalonians 4:16
For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first.

1 Peter 1:3
Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

Revelation 1:5
and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood,

Revelation 14:13
Then I heard a voice from heaven say, "Write this: Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on." "Yes," says the Spirit, "they will rest from their labor, for their deeds will follow them."
Treasury of Scripture

But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first fruits of them that slept.

now. See on.

1 Corinthians 15:4-8 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according …

the first-fruits.

1 Corinthians 15:23 But every man in his own order: Christ the first fruits; afterward …

Acts 26:23 That Christ should suffer, and that he should be the first that should …

Romans 8:11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you…

Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, …

1 Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ…

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first …

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