Romans 10:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For I can testify about them that they are zealous for God, but their zeal is not based on knowledge.

New Living Translation
I know what enthusiasm they have for God, but it is misdirected zeal.

English Standard Version
For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.

New American Standard Bible
For I testify about them that they have a zeal for God, but not in accordance with knowledge.

King James Bible
For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I can testify about them that they have zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.

International Standard Version
For I can testify on their behalf that they have a zeal for God, but it is not in keeping with full knowledge.

NET Bible
For I can testify that they are zealous for God, but their zeal is not in line with the truth.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For I bear witness to them, that they do have zeal for God, but not by knowledge.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I can assure you that they are deeply devoted to God, but they are misguided.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For I give testimony that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

King James 2000 Bible
For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.

American King James Version
For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

American Standard Version
For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For I bear them witness, that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

Darby Bible Translation
For I bear them witness that they have zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.

English Revised Version
For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.

Webster's Bible Translation
For I bear them testimony that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

Weymouth New Testament
For I bear witness that they possess an enthusiasm for God, but it is an unenlightened enthusiasm.

World English Bible
For I testify about them that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.

Young's Literal Translation
for I bear them testimony that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:1-4 The Jews built on a false foundation, and refused to come to Christ for free salvation by faith, and numbers in every age do the same in various ways. The strictness of the law showed men their need of salvation by grace, through faith. And the ceremonies shadowed forth Christ as fulfilling the righteousness, and bearing the curse of the law. So that even under the law, all who were justified before God, obtained that blessing by faith, whereby they were made partakers of the perfect righteousness of the promised Redeemer. The law is not destroyed, nor the intention of the Lawgiver disappointed; but full satisfaction being made by the death of Christ for our breach of the law, the end is gained. That is, Christ has fulfilled the whole law, therefore whoever believeth in him, is counted just before God, as much as though he had fulfilled the whole law himself. Sinners never could go on in vain fancies of their own righteousness, if they knew the justice of God as a Governor, or his righteousness as a Saviour.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 2, 3. - For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God. For ζῆλον Θεοῦ, meaning zeal for God, cf. John 2:17; Acts 22:3; Galatians 1:14. The word ζῆλος was commonly used for the religious ardour of the Jews at that time (cf. Acts 21:20, Πάντες ζηλωταὶ τοῦ νόμου ὑπάρχουσι), and there was a faction among them called distinctively Ζηλωταὶ, to which Simon Zelotes (Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13) is supposed to have belonged originally. St. Paul's mention of the religious zeal of the Jews of his day is apposite in this place. In Romans 9:1-5, where he was about to speak of their rejection from the inheritance of the promises, he appropriately dwelt on their ancient privileges; here, where he has in view their own failure to respond to God's purpose for them, he as appropriately refers to their undoubted zeal, which he regrets should be misdirected. But not according to knowledge. For being ignorant of (ἀγνοοῦντες, in explanation of οὐ κατ ἐπίγνωσιν preceding) God's righteousness, and seeking to establish their own (righteousness, repeated here, is ill supported), they have not submitted themselves to the righteousness of God. For the meaning of God's righteousness, opposed to man's own righteousness, see on Romans 3:19, 20; also on Romans 1:17, and Introduction.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For I bear them record, that they have a zeal of God,.... A zeal for God; for the being and unity of God, against the polytheism and idolatry of the Gentiles; for the word of God, the writings of the Old Testament, of which they were zealous defenders and preservers, and which they diligently read and heard explained, and whereby they thought to obtain eternal life; for the law of God, moral and ceremonial, especially for the rituals of the Mosaic economy; for the service and worship of God, they spared no pains, but compassed sea and land to bring in proselytes to their religion; all which the apostle could testify from his own knowledge, and by his own experience, who had been as great a zealot as any of them all. But now whilst the apostle is expressing his strong affection for this people, he is careful to act the faithful part to them, and points out their mistakes, and shows them their faults; which he does in this and the following verse, by observing, that they had a zeal of God indeed,

but not according to knowledge: it was not well regulated, it proceeded on mistaken principles, and moved in a wrong way, in persecuting the church of God, in doing things contrary to the name of Christ, in putting to death his ministers and members, thinking that hereby they did God good service; which arose from their ignorance of their Father, and of the Son: though they had a zeal of God, they knew neither God nor Christ aright; they did not know God in Christ, nor Jesus to be the true Messiah; they understood neither law nor Gospel truly, and fancied the Gospel was contrary to the law, and an enemy to it; and therefore in their great zeal opposed it, and the professors of it; they were zealous of the law, and of doing the commands of it, but knew not the true nature, use, and end of the law; as appears by what follows.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. For I bear them record—or, "witness," as he well could from his own sad experience.

that they have a zeal of—"for"

God, but not according to knowledge—(Compare Ac 22:3; 26:9-11; Ga 1:13, 14). He alludes to this well-meaning of his people, notwithstanding their spiritual blindness, not certainly to excuse their rejection of Christ and rage against His saints, but as some ground of hope regarding them. (See 1Ti 1:13).

Romans 10:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Word Brings Salvation
1Brethren, my heart's desire and my prayer to God for them is for their salvation. 2For I testify about them that they have a zeal for God, but not in accordance with knowledge. 3For not knowing about God's righteousness and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.…
Cross References
Acts 21:20
When they heard this, they praised God. Then they said to Paul: "You see, brother, how many thousands of Jews have believed, and all of them are zealous for the law.

Romans 9:31
but the people of Israel, who pursued the law as the way of righteousness, have not attained their goal.

Romans 10:1
Brothers and sisters, my heart's desire and prayer to God for the Israelites is that they may be saved.

Romans 10:3
Since they did not know the righteousness of God and sought to establish their own, they did not submit to God's righteousness.
Treasury of Scripture

For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

I bear them. By this fine apology for the Jews, the Apostle prepares them for the harsher truths which he was about to deliver.

2 Corinthians 8:3 For to their power, I bear record, yes, and beyond their power they …

Galatians 4:15 Where is then the blessedness you spoke of? for I bear you record, …

Colossians 4:13 For I bear him record, that he has a great zeal for you, and them …

that they.

2 Kings 10:16 And he said, Come with me, and see my zeal for the LORD. So they …

John 16:2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yes, the time comes, that …

Acts 21:20,28 And when they heard it, they glorified the Lord, and said to him, …

Acts 22:3,22 I am truly a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, …

Acts 26:9,10 I truly thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary …

Galatians 1:14 And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in my own …

Galatians 4:17,18 They zealously affect you, but not well; yes, they would exclude …

Philippians 3:6 Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness …

but not.

Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to …

Romans 9:31,32 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, has not …

Psalm 14:4 Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people …

Proverbs 19:2 Also, that the soul be without knowledge, it is not good; and he …

Isaiah 27:1 In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall …

2 Corinthians 4:4,6 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which …

Philippians 1:9 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge …

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