2 Corinthians 1:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come.

New Living Translation
and he has identified us as his own by placing the Holy Spirit in our hearts as the first installment that guarantees everything he has promised us.

English Standard Version
and who has also put his seal on us and given us his Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee.

New American Standard Bible
who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge.

King James Bible
Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He has also sealed us and given us the Spirit as a down payment in our hearts.

International Standard Version
who has placed his seal on us and has given us the Spirit in our hearts as a down payment.

NET Bible
who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a down payment.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he has sealed us and he has given the down payment of his Spirit into our hearts.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In addition, he has put his seal [of ownership] on us and has given us the Spirit as his guarantee.

Jubilee Bible 2000
who has also sealed us and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

King James 2000 Bible
Who has also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

American King James Version
Who has also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

American Standard Version
who also sealed us, and gave us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who also hath sealed us, and given the pledge of the Spirit in our hearts.

Darby Bible Translation
who also has sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

English Revised Version
who also sealed us, and gave us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

Webster's Bible Translation
Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the spirit in our hearts.

Weymouth New Testament
and He has also set His seal upon us, and has put His Spirit into our hearts as a pledge and foretaste of future blessing.

World English Bible
who also sealed us, and gave us the down payment of the Spirit in our hearts.

Young's Literal Translation
who also sealed us, and gave the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:15-24 The apostle clears himself from the charge of levity and inconstancy, in not coming to Corinth. Good men should be careful to keep the reputation of sincerity and constancy; they should not resolve, but on careful thought; and they will not change unless for weighty reasons. Nothing can render God's promises more certain: his giving them through Christ, assures us they are his promises; as the wonders God wrought in the life, resurrection, and ascension of his Son, confirm faith. The Holy Spirit makes Christians firm in the faith of the gospel: the quickening of the Spirit is an earnest of everlasting life; and the comforts of the Spirit are an earnest of everlasting joy. The apostle desired to spare the blame he feared would be unavoidable, if he had gone to Corinth before he learned what effect his former letter produced. Our strength and ability are owing to faith; and our comfort and joy must flow from faith. The holy tempers and gracious fruits which attend faith, secure from delusion in so important a matter.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 22. - Who hath also sealed us. We cannot be deconsecrated, disanointed. Still less can the confirming seal be broken. He continues to dwell on the conception of the unchangeableness of God and of the gospel into which he had been incidentally led by the charge of "lightness." The earnest of the Spirit. The promises which we have received are not mere promises, they are already so far fulfilled to us and in us as to guarantee hereafter their plenary fruition. Just as in money bargains "earnest money," "money on account," is given, in pledge that the whole will be ultimately discharged, so we have "the earnest of the Spirit" (2 Corinthians 5:5), "the firstfruits of the Spirit" (Romans 8:23), which are to us "the earnest" or pledge money that we shall hereafter enter upon the purchased possession (Ephesians 1:13, 14). We now see the meaning of the "and." It involves a climax - the promise is much; the unction more; the seal a still further security (Ephesians 4:30; 2 Timothy 2:19); but beyond all this we have already a part payment in the indwelling of the Present of God (Romans 5:5; Romans 8:9; Galatians 4:6). The word arrabon, rendered "earnest," has an interesting history. It is very ancient, for it is found (עַרָבון) in Genesis 38:17, 18, and comes from a root meaning "to pledge." It seems to be a Phoenician word, which had been introduced into various languages by the universality of Phoenician commerce. In classical Latin it is shortened into arrha, and it still exists in Italian as aura, in French as arrhes. The equivalent Hebrew figure is "firstfruits" (Romans 8:23).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Who hath also sealed us,.... "Two" things more are here attributed to God; "first", the sealing of his people. The use of seals is various, as to denote property in things, to distinguish one thing from another, to show esteem and affection for persons or things, and for security and protection, and to hide and conceal; all which might be applied to sealing, as expressive of the grace of God to his people, in claiming a property in them, distinguishing them from the rest of the world, setting his affections on them, securing and protecting their persons, and hiding them under the shadow of his wings: but sometimes a seal is used to certify, make sure, or assure the truth of a thing; see John 3:33 in which sense the word "sealing" is used here, and intends that assurance which God gives his people of their interest in his love, and the covenant of grace; of their election of God, and redemption by Christ; of their interest in Christ, and union with him; of their justification by him, and adoption through him; of the truth of grace in their hearts, their perseverance in it, and sure and certain enjoyment of eternal glory. The persons thus sealed are not carnal and unconverted persons, only believers in Christ, and these, after they commence such; the seal by which they are sealed, is not any of the ordinances, as circumcision under the Old Testament, or baptism, or the Lord's supper under the New; for these are no seals, nor are they ever so called; but the Spirit of God himself, as the Holy Spirit of promise; for the same who, in the next clause, is called the earnest, is the seal; see Ephesians 1:13. "Secondly", the giving of the earnest of the Spirit:

and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts: by "the Spirit" is meant, not the gifts and graces of the Spirit merely, but the Spirit of God and Christ himself; who was concerned in the creation of the world, in inditing the Scriptures, in forming and filling the human nature of Christ, and in his resurrection from the dead; he himself is given as an "earnest": the word here used, and in 2 Corinthians 5:5 is the Hebrew word and comes from which signifies "to become a surety, to give a pledge"; and is used for a pledge in covenants and bargains, both in Scripture, see Genesis 38:17, and in Jewish writings (d); which is given as an earnest, and in part of what it is a pledge of, and is never returned: the Spirit of God is an earnest or pledge of the heavenly inheritance, which is not only prepared for us, and promised to us, and Christ is in the possession of in our nature, in our room and stead, and as our representative; but the Spirit of God also is sent down "into our hearts" as a pledge of it; where he dwells as in his temple, supplies us with all grace, witnesses to us our sonship, and assures us of the heavenly glory: and as such he is "given"; and an unmerited free grace gift he is; for him to be given in this manner, and for such a purpose, is a wonderful display of the love of the Father, and of the Son, and is a surprising instance of his grace and condescension of the Spirit, and for which we should be abundantly thankful.

(d) Midrash Megillath Esther, fol. 94. 2. Maimon. Hilch. Mechira, c. 7. sect. 1. & c. 11. sect. 4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

22. sealed—A seal is a token assuring the possession of property to one; "sealed" here answers to "stablisheth us" (2Co 1:21; 1Co 9:2).

the earnest of the Spirit—that is, the Spirit as the earnest (that is, money given by a purchaser as a pledge for the full payment of the sum promised). The Holy Spirit is given to the believer now as a first instalment to assure him his full inheritance as a son of God shall be his hereafter (Eph 1:13, 14). "Sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession" (Ro 8:23). The Spirit is the pledge of the fulfilment of "all the promises" (2Co 1:20).

2 Corinthians 1:22 Additional Commentaries
Context
Paul's Change of Plans
21Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and anointed us is God, 22who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge. 23But I call God as witness to my soul, that to spare you I did not come again to Corinth.…
Cross References
Ezekiel 9:4
and said to him, "Go throughout the city of Jerusalem and put a mark on the foreheads of those who grieve and lament over all the detestable things that are done in it."

John 3:33
Whoever has accepted it has certified that God is truthful.

Romans 8:16
The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children.

Romans 8:23
Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption to sonship, the redemption of our bodies.

2 Corinthians 5:5
Now the one who has fashioned us for this very purpose is God, who has given us the Spirit as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come.

Ephesians 1:14
who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God's possession--to the praise of his glory.

1 Thessalonians 4:8
Therefore, anyone who rejects this instruction does not reject a human being but God, the very God who gives you his Holy Spirit.
Treasury of Scripture

Who has also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

sealed.

John 6:27 Labor not for the meat which perishes, but for that meat which endures …

Romans 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness …

Ephesians 1:13,14 In whom you also trusted, after that you heard the word of truth, …

Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to …

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, …

Revelation 2:17 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit said to the churches; …

Revelation 7:3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till …

Revelation 9:4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of …

the earnest.

2 Corinthians 5:5 Now he that has worked us for the selfsame thing is God, who also …

Romans 8:9,14-16,23 But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the …

Ephesians 1:14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the …

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