Hosea 5:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Their deeds do not permit them to return to their God. A spirit of prostitution is in their heart; they do not acknowledge the LORD.

New Living Translation
Your deeds won't let you return to your God. You are a prostitute through and through, and you do not know the LORD.

English Standard Version
Their deeds do not permit them to return to their God. For the spirit of whoredom is within them, and they know not the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
Their deeds will not allow them To return to their God. For a spirit of harlotry is within them, And they do not know the LORD.

King James Bible
They will not frame their doings to turn unto their God: for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they have not known the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Their actions do not allow them to return to their God, for a spirit of promiscuity is among them, and they do not know the LORD.

International Standard Version
"Their actions hinder them from turning to their God, because a spirit of fornication is in their midst, and the LORD they do not know.

NET Bible
Their wicked deeds do not allow them to return to their God; because a spirit of idolatry controls their heart, and they do not acknowledge the LORD.

New Heart English Bible
Their deeds won't allow them to turn to their God; for the spirit of prostitution is within them, and they do not know the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"The wicked things that the people have done keep them from returning to their God. They have a spirit of prostitution, and they don't know the LORD.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Their doings will not suffer them To return unto their God; For the spirit of harlotry is within them, And they know not the LORD.

New American Standard 1977
Their deeds will not allow them
            To return to their God.
            For a spirit of harlotry is within them,
            And they do not know the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They will not think about returning unto their God; for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they do not know the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
They will not change their deeds to turn unto their God: for the spirit of harlotry is in the midst of them, and they have not known the LORD.

American King James Version
They will not frame their doings to turn to their God: for the spirit of prostitutions is in the middle of them, and they have not known the LORD.

American Standard Version
Their doings will not suffer them to turn unto their God; for the spirit of whoredom is within them, and they know not Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They will not set their thoughts to return to their God: for the spirit of fornication is in the midst of them, and they have not known the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
Their doings do not allow them to return unto their God; for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they know not Jehovah.

English Revised Version
Their doings will not suffer them to turn unto their God: for the spirit of whoredom is within them, and they know not the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
They will not frame their doings to turn to their God: for the spirit of lewdness is in the midst of them, and they have not known the LORD.

World English Bible
Their deeds won't allow them to turn to their God; for the spirit of prostitution is within them, and they don't know Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
They give not up their habitual doings, To turn back unto their God, For a spirit of whoredoms is in their midst, And Jehovah they have not known.
Study Bible
God's Judgment on Israel and Judah
3I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hidden from Me; For now, O Ephraim, you have played the harlot, Israel has defiled itself. 4Their deeds will not allow them To return to their God. For a spirit of harlotry is within them, And they do not know the LORD. 5Moreover, the pride of Israel testifies against him, And Israel and Ephraim stumble in their iniquity; Judah also has stumbled with them.…
Cross References
Hosea 4:6
My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I also will reject you from being My priest. Since you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children.

Hosea 4:12
My people consult their wooden idol, and their diviner's wand informs them; For a spirit of harlotry has led them astray, And they have played the harlot, departing from their God.

Hosea 4:14
I will not punish your daughters when they play the harlot Or your brides when they commit adultery, For the men themselves go apart with harlots And offer sacrifices with temple prostitutes; So the people without understanding are ruined.

Hosea 7:11
So Ephraim has become like a silly dove, without sense; They call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.

Hosea 13:13
The pains of childbirth come upon him; He is not a wise son, For it is not the time that he should delay at the opening of the womb.
Treasury of Scripture

They will not frame their doings to turn to their God: for the spirit of prostitutions is in the middle of them, and they have not known the LORD.

They will not frame their doings. Heb. They will not give. Or, their doings will not suffer them.

Psalm 36:1-4 The transgression of the wicked said within my heart, that there …

Psalm 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; …

John 3:19,20 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, …

2 Thessalonians 2:11,12 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they …

for.

Hosea 4:12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declares to …

Jeremiah 50:38 A drought is on her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it is …

and.

Hosea 4:1 Hear the word of the LORD, you children of Israel: for the LORD has …

1 Samuel 2:12 Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

Psalm 9:10 And they that know your name will put their trust in you: for you, …

Jeremiah 9:6,24 Your habitation is in the middle of deceit; through deceit they refuse …

Jeremiah 22:15,16 Shall you reign, because you close yourself in cedar? did not your …

Jeremiah 24:7 And I will give them an heart to know me, that I am the LORD: and …

John 8:55 Yet you have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, …

John 16:3 And these things will they do to you, because they have not known …

1 John 2:3,4 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments…

(4) The margin, "Their deeds will not suffer (them)," requires the introduction of the word "them," not in the Hebrew. It is favoured by the Jewish commentators, Schmoller, and others, but it is better to render, with the Authorised version, They frame not their doings, &c. The knowledge of the only true God is life.

Verse 4. - In this verse their evil doings are traced to an evil spirit of whoredoms that is, of idolatries, which impels them blindly and resistlessly to evil, while at the same time it expels the knowledge of God. The first clause is differently rendered. The textual rendering of the Authorized Version, viz. they will not frame (literally, give, direct) their doings to turn unto their God, denotes their total and absolute refusal to repent or to bring forth fruits meet for repentance. The actions are an index of the state of the heart, but neither the thoughts of Israel at this time, nor their deeds which indicated these thoughts, were in the direction of repentance. In heart and life they were impenitent. This rendering is supported by most of the Hebrew commentators. Rashi says, "They forsake not their evil way;" Aben Ezra," They perform not works so as to turn." Kimchi also gives an alternative sense: "Or the sense of the words is thus: They cling so closely to their evil works, that even should they for once conceive in their heart the idea of turning, they immediately repent them of it." The marginal rendering also yields a good sense; it is, Their doings will not suffer (allow) [them] to turn unto their God. The pronominal suffix for "them" is wanting, yet it may be dispensed with, as the appending of it to "doings" and "God" makes the sense sufficiently explicit. It is favored by Ewald, Keil, the Targum, and Kimchi, who explains: "Their evil works do not allow them to return to their God, as if he said, To such extent have they multiplied transgression that there is no way left them to return, until they receive their punishment." Such and so great was the power of their evil habits that they could not break them off or break away from them by repentance; or so intimately connected is a change of heart with a change of life that, in the absence of the latter, the former is impossible. According to either rendering, the reason assigned is contained in the next clause: For the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they have not known the Lord. So overmastered were they, as though by some fiendish spirit that held them in check and exercised despotic power over them, that they rushed headlong down the steep incline, like the Gadarene herd of swine, which, when the unclean spirits entered into them, ran violently down a steep place into the sea. Neither was there any counteracting force to turn them back or reverse their course. Such a force might have been found in the knowledge of God, of his covenant mercy, of his power, love, grace, and goodrich. But this was wanting, and the absence of this knowledge at once increased their impenitence and aggravated their guilt. It was Israel's privilege and Israel's duty to know the Lord; for he had revealed himself to them as to no other nation; he had given them his Law, he had made them depositaries of his truth and the conservators of his living oracles; their ignorance, therefore, was altogether inexcusable, while it evinced greatest ingratitude to Jehovah, who had taken them into covenant with himself, and declared himself to be their God. They will not frame their doings to turn unto their God,.... Either their evil doings; they will not leave, as the Targum and Jarchi (g); their evil ways and worship, their adultery and idolatry; which was necessary to repentance and true conversion to God, whom they yet professed to be their God, though they had so sadly departed from him: or their good works; they did not choose to do them, which were leading steps to repentance and conversion, or fruits and evidences of it: they had no mind to repent of their sins, and turn from them to the Lord; they had no thought, care, or concern, about these things, but obstinately persisted in their sins and in their impenitence: their wills were wretchedly depraved and corrupted; their hearts hard, perverse, and obstinate; they had no will to that which is good:

for the spirit of whoredom is in the midst of them; an unclean spirit, that prompts them to and pushes them on to commit corporeal and spiritual whoredom; the bias and inclination of their minds were this way which put them upon such evil practices; the spirit of error, which caused them to err, as the Targum and Kimchi; the lying spirit in the false prophets which encouraged them therein; and even himself, the spirit that works in the children of disobedience:

and they have not known the Lord; ignorance of God, his nature and perfections, his will, word, and worship, was the cause of their idolatry, and other sins; see Hosea 4:1; and this was wilful and affected ignorance; they knew not, nor would they understand: they rejected the knowledge of God, and the means of it; so the Targum,

"and they sought not instruction (or doctrine) from the Lord.''

(g) So R. Sol. Urbin. fol. 68. 2.4. They—Turning from a direct address to Ephraim, he uses the third person plural to characterize the people in general. The Hebrew is against the Margin, their doings will not suffer them" the omission of "them" in the Hebrew after the verb being unusual. The sense is, they are incurable, for they will not permit (as the Hebrew literally means) their doings to be framed so as to turn unto God. Implying that they resist the Spirit of God, not suffering Him to renew them; and give themselves up to "the spirit of whoredoms" (in antithesis to "the Spirit of God" implied in "suffer" or "permit") (Ho 4:12; Isa 63:10; Eze 16:43; Ac 7:51).5:1-7 The piercing eye of God saw secret liking and disposition to sin, the love the house of Israel had to their sins, and the dominion their sins had over them. Pride makes men obstinate in other sins. And as Judah was treading in the same steps, they would fall with Israel. By dealing treacherously with the Lord, men only deceive themselves. Those that go to seek the Lord with their flocks and their herds only, and not with their hearts and souls, cannot expect to find him; nor shall any speed who do not seek the Lord while he may be found. See how much it is our concern to seek God early, now, while it is the accepted time, and the day of salvation.
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